विराम चिह्न  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • viram ka arth hai- 'rukana' ya 'thaharana'. vaky ko likhate athava bolate samay bich men kahin thoda-bahut rukana padata hai jisase bhasha spasht, arthavan evn bhavapoorn ho jati hai. likhit bhasha men is thaharav ko dikhane ke lie kuchh vishesh prakar ke chihnon ka prayog karate hain. inhen hi viram chihn kaha jata hai.
  • bhavon aur vicharon ko spasht karane ke lie jin chihnon ka prayog vaky ke bich ya ant men kiya jata hai, unhen viram chihn kahate hain; jaise
  1. roko mat jane do.
  2. roko, mat jane do.
  3. roko mat, jane do.

uparyukt udaharanon men pahale vaky men arth spasht nahin hota, jabaki doosare aur tisare vaky men arth to spasht ho jata hai lekin ek doosare ka ulta arth milata hai jabaki tinon vakyon men vahi shabd hain. doosare vaky men 'roko' ke bad alpaviram lagane se rokane ke lie kaha gaya hai jabaki tisare vaky men 'roko mat' ke bad alpaviram lagane se kisi ko n rok kar jane ke lie kaha gaya hai. is prakar viram-chihn lagane se doosare aur tisare vaky ko padhane men tatha arth spasht karane men jitani suvidha hoti hai utani pahale vaky men nahin hoti.

  • atev viram-chihnon ke vishay men poora gyan hona avashyak hai.
  • hindi men mukhyat: tin tarah ke viram chihnon ka prayog kiye jate hain-
hindi men viram chihnon ka prayog
kram nam viram chihn
1 poorn viram ya viram (.)
2 arddhaviram (;)
3 alpaviram (,)
4 prashnavachak (?)
5 vismayasoochak (!)
6 uddharan ("") (' ')
7 yojak (-)
9 koshthak [()]
10 hnsapad (trutibodhak) (^)
11 rekhankan (_)
12 laghav chihn (·)
13 lop chihn (...)

poorn viram (.)

is chihn ka prayog prashnavachak aur vismayasoochak vakyon ko chhodakar any sabhi prakar ke vakyon ke ant men kiya jata hai; jaise ram skool se a raha hai. vah usaki saundaryata par mugdh ho gaya. vah chhat se gir gaya. doha, shlok, chaupaee adi ki pahali pnkti ke ant men ek poorn viram (.) tatha doosari pnkti ke ant men do poorn viram (॥) lagane ki pratha hai; jaise:-

rahiman pani rakhie bin pani sab soon.
pani ge n oobare moti, manus, choon॥

arddhaviram (;)

jahan poorn viram ki apeksha kam der rukana ho aur alpaviram ki apeksha kuchh der tak rukana ho tab arddhaviram ka prayog kiya jata hai; jaise- phalon men am ko sarvashreshth phal mana gaya hai; kintu shrinagar men aur hi kism ke phal vishesh roop se paida hote hain.

alpaviram (,)

jahan par arddhaviram ki tulana men aur kam der rukana ho to alpaviram ka prayog kiya jata hai. is chihn ka prayog nimnalikhit paristhitiyon men kiya jata hai-

  1. ek hi prakar kee shabdon ka prayog hone par pratyek shabd ke bad alpaviram lagaya jata hai. lekin antim shabd ke pahale 'aur' ka prayog hota hai; jaise raghu apani snpatti, bhoomi pratishtha aur man-maryada sab kho baitha.
  2. 'han' aur 'nahin' ke pashchat; jaise han, likh sakata hoon. nahin yah kam nahin ho sakata.
  3. vakyansh ya upavaky ko alag karane ke lie; jaise vigyan ka pathyakram badal jane se, main samajhata hoon, pariksha parinam prabhavit hoga.
  4. kabhi-kabhi snbodhan-soochak shabd ke bad alpaviram bhi lagaya jata hai; jaise-ravi tum idhar ao.
  5. shabd yugmon men alagav dikhane ke lie jaise- pap aur puny, sach aur jhooth, kal aur aj.
  6. patr men abhivadan aur samapan men; jaise- poojy pitaji, bhavadiy manyavar adi.
  7. tarikh ke sath mahine ka nam likhane ke bad tatha sanh, snvat ke pahale alpaviram ka prayog kiya jata hai; jaise- 2 aktoobar, sanh 1869 ee. ko gandhi ka janm hua.
  8. uddharan se poorn alpaviram ka prayog kiya jata hai; jaise- neta ji ne kaha, "dilli chalo".
  9. ankon ko likhate samay bhi alpaviram ka prayog kiya jata hai; jaise-5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 20, 60, 70, 100 adi.
  10. ek hi shabd ya vakyansh ki punaravritti hone par alpaviram ka prayog kiya jata hai; jaise -bhago, bhago, ag lag gee hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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