वाक्य भेद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vaky anek prakar ke ho sakate hain. unaka vibhajan ham do adharon par kar sakate hain.

arth ke adhar par vaky ke bhed

arth ke adhar par vaky ke nimnalikhit ath bhed hain.

vidhanavachak

jin vakyon men kriya ke karane ya hone ki soochana mile, unhen vidhanavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- mainne doodh piya. varsha ho rahi hai.

nishedhavachak

jin vakyon se kary n hone ka bhav prakat hota hai, unhen nishedhavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- mainne doodh nahin piya. mainne khana nahin khaya.

agyavachak

jin vakyon men agya, prarthana, upadesh adi ka gyan hota hai, unhen agyavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- bazar jakar phal le ao. badon ka samman karo.

prashnavachak

jin vakyon se kisi prakar ka prashn poochhane ka gyan hota hai, unhen prashnavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- sita tum kahan se a rahi ho? tum kya padh rahe ho?

ichchhavachak

jin vakyon se ichchha ashish evn shubhakamana adi ka gyan hota hai, unhen ichchhavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- tumhara kalyan ho. bhagavan tumhen lnbi umar de.

sndehavachak

jin vakyon se sndeh ya snbhavana vyakt hoti hai, unhen sndehavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- shayad sham ko varsha ho jae. vah a raha hoga, par hamen kya maloom. ho sakata hai rajesh a jae.

vismayavachak

jin vakyon se ashchary, ghrina, krodh shok adi bhavon ki abhivyakti hoti hai, unhen vismayavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- vah-kitana sundar drishy hai. usake mata-pita donon hi chal base. shabash tumane bahut achchha kam kiya.

snketavachak

jin vakyon men ek kriya ka hona doosari kriya par nirbhar hota hai. unhen snketavachak vaky kahate hain; jaise- yadi parishram karoge to avashy saphal honge. pitaji abhi ate to achchha hota. agar varsha hogi to fasal bhi hogi.

rachana ke adhar par vaky ke bhed

rachana ke adhar par vaky ke nimnalikhit tin bhed hote hain-

saral vaky/sadharan vaky

jin vakyon men keval ek hi uddeshy aur ek hi vidhey hota hai, unhen saral vaky ya sadharan vaky kahate hain, in vakyon men ek hi kriya hoti hai; jaise- mukesh padhata hai. rakesh ne bhojan kiya. isamen karta ke sath usake vistarak visheshan aur kriya ke sath vistarak sahit karm evn kriya-visheshan a sakate hain. jaise-achchha bachcha mitha doodh achchhi tarah pita hai. yah bhi sadharan vaky hai.

snyukt vaky

do athava do se adhik sadharan vaky jab samanadhikaran samuchchayabodhakon jaise- (par, kintu, aur, ya adi) se jude hote hain, to ve snyukt vaky kahalate hain. ye char prakar ke hote hain.

  1. snyojak- jab ek sadharan vaky doosare sadharan ya mishrit vaky se snyojak avyay dvara juda hota hai. jaise-gita gee aur sita aee.
  2. vibhajak- jab sadharan athava mishr vakyon ka paraspar bhed ya virodh ka snbndh rahata hai. jaise-vah mehanat to bahut karata hai par phal nahin milata.
  3. vikalpasoochak- jab do baton men se kisi ek ko svikar karana hota hai. jaise- ya to use main akhade men pachhadoonga ya akhade men utarana hi chhod doonga.
  4. parinamabodhak- jab ek sadharan vaky dasoore sadharan ya mishrit vaky ka parinam hota hai. jaise- aj mujhe bahut kam hai isalie main tumhare pas nahin a sakoonga.

mishrit/mishr vaky

jin vakyon men ek mukhy ya pradhan vaky ho aur any ashrit upavaky hon, unhen mishrit vaky kahate hain. inamen ek mukhy uddeshy aur mukhy vidhey ke alava ek se adhik samapika kriyaen hoti hain, jaise- jyon hi usane dava pi, vah so gaya. yadi parishram karoge to, uttirn ho jaoge. main janata hoon ki tumhare akshar achchhe nahin banate.

vishesh-
  1. in vakyon men ek mukhy ya pradhan upavaky aur ek athava adhik ashrit upavaky hote hain jo samuchchayabodhak avyay se jude hote hain.
  2. mukhy upavaky ki pushti, samarthan, spashtata athava vistar hetu hi ashrit vaky ate hai.

ashrit vaky tin prakar ke hote hain-

  1. sngya upavaky.
  2. visheshan upavaky.
  3. kriya-visheshan upavaky.

1. sngya upavaky- jab ashrit upavaky kisi sngya athava sarvanam ke sthan par ata hai tab vah sngya upavaky kahalata hai. jaise- vah chahata hai ki main yahan kabhi n aoon. yahan ki main kabhi n aoon, yah sngya upavaky hai.
2. visheshan upavaky- jo ashrit upavaky mukhy upavaky ki sngya shabd athava sarvanam shabd ki visheshata batalata hai vah visheshan upavaky kahalata hai. jaise- jo ghadi mej par rakhi hai vah mujhe puraskarasvaroop mili hai. yahan jo ghadi mej par rakhi hai yah visheshan upavaky hai.
3. kriya-visheshan upavaky- jab ashrit upavaky pradhan upavaky ki kriya ki visheshata batalata hai tab vah kriya-visheshan upavaky kahalata hai. jaise- jab vah mere pas aya tab main so raha tha. yahan par jab vah mere pas aya yah kriya-visheshan upavaky hai.[1]

inhen bhi dekhen: vaky, vaky parivartan evn vaky vishleshan


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vaky-prakaran (hindi) (html) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 22 janavari, 2016.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah