उपवाक्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yadi kisi ek vaky men ek se adhik samapika kriyaen hoti hain to vah vaky upavakyon men bnt jata hai aur usamen jitani bhi samapika kriyaen hoti hain utane hi upavaky hote hain. in upavakyon men se jo vaky ka kendr hota hai, use mukhy ya pradhan vaky kahate hain aur shesh ko ashrit upavaky kahate hain. ashrit upavaky tin prakar ke hote hain-

  1. sngya upavaky
  2. visheshan upavaky
  3. kriyavisheshan upavaky

sngya upavaky

jo ashrit upavaky pradhan vaky ki kriya ke karta, karm athava poorak ke roop men prayukt hon unhen sngya upavaky kahate hain.; jaise main janata hoon ki vah bahut eemanadar hai. usaka vichar hai ki ram sachcha adami hai. rashmi ne kaha ki usaka bhaee patana gaya hai. in vakyon men mote aksharon vale ansh sngya upavaky hain.

visheshan upavaky

jab koee ashrit upavaky pradhan vaky ki sngya pad ki visheshata batate hain, unhen visheshan upavaky kahate hain, jaise-mainne ek vyakti ko dekha jo bahut mota tha. ve phal kahan hai jin ko ap lae the. in vakyon men mote aksharon vale ansh visheshan upavaky hain. visheshan upavaky ka prarnbh jo athava isake kisi roop se hota hai.

kriyavisheshan upavaky

jab koee ashrit upavaky pradhan vaky ki kriya ki visheshata batae, use kriyavisheshan upavaky kahate hain. ye pray: kriya ka kal, sthan, riti, pariman, karan adi ke soochak kriyavisheshanon ke dvara pradhan vaky se jude rahate hain; jaise jab varsha ho rahi thi tab main kamare men tha. jahan-jahan ve ge, unaka svagat hua. main vaise hi jata hoon, jaise ramesh jata hai. yadi mainne parishram kiya hota to avashy saphal hota. in vakyon men mote aksharon vale ansh kriyavisheshan upavaky hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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