कारक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sngya ya sarvanam ke jis roop se vaky ke any shabdon ke sath usake sambandh ka bodh hota hai, use karak kahate hain. hindi men ath karak hote hain- karta, karm, karan, sampradan, apadan, sambandh, adhikaran aur sambodhan. vibhakti ya parasarg-jin pratyayon se karakon ki sthitiyon ka bodh hota hai, unhen vibhakti ya parasarg kahate hain. ath karakon ke vibhakti chihn ya parasarg is prakar hote hain-

karak ke vibhinn chihn
karak chihn arth
karta ne kam karane vala
karm ko jis par kam ka prabhav pade
karan se, dvara jisake dvara karta kam karen
sampradan ko,ke lie jisake lie kriya ki jae
apadan se (alag hona) jisase alagav ho
sambandh ka, ki, ke; na, ni, ne; ra, ri, re any padon se sambandh
adhikaran men,par kriya ka adhar
snbodhan he! are! aji! kisi ko pukarana, bulana

karta karak

kriya karane vale ko karta kahate hain. yah svatntr hota hai. isamen 'ne' vibhakti ka prayog hota hai. jaise-

  • rajendr ne patr bheja hai.
  • mainne bhojan kiya hai.

kahin-kahin vaky men karta karak ke 'ne' chihn ka lop bhi rahata hai. jaise-

  • ram roti khata hai.
  • main jata hoon.

karm karak

jis par kriya ke vyapar ka prabhav padata hai. use karm karak kahate hain. isamen 'ko' vibhakti chihn ka prayog hota hai. jaise-

  • gopal ne radha ko bulaya hai.
  • usane pani ko chhana hai.

kuchh vakyon men karm karak ke chihn 'ko' ka lop bhi rahata hai. jaise-

  • shyam pustak padhata hai.
  • mere dvara yah kary hua hai.

karan karak

jisake dvara kriya hoti hai, use karan karak kahate hain. karan karak ke vibhakti chihn 'se, dvara' hain. jaise-

  • kalam se patr likha hai.
  • mere dvara kary hua hai.

sampradan karak

jisake lie kriya ki jati hai athava jise koee vastu di jati hai, vahan sampradan karak hota hai. isake vibhakti chihn 'ke lie' aur 'ko' hain. jaise-

  • bhookhe ke lie roti lao.
  • raj gyanoo ko pustak deta hai.
  • main bazar ko ja raha hoon.

apadan karak

jahan ek sngya ka doosari sngya se alag hona soochit hota hai, vahan apadan karak hota hai. isaka vibhakti chihn 'se' hai. jaise-

  • ped se patte gire.
  • ladaka chhat se gira hai.
  • men baink se rupaya laya hoon.

sambandh karak

jahan ek sngya ya sarvanam ka sambandh doosari sngya ya sarvanam se soochit hota hai, vahan sambandh karak hota hai. isake vibhakti chihn ka, ki, ke; ra, ri, re; na, ni, ne hain. jaise-

  • ram ka ladaka, shyam ki ladaki, gita ke bachche.
  • mera ladaka, meri ladaki, hamare bachche.
  • apana ladaka, apana ladaki, apane ladake.

adhikaran karak

jahan koee sngya ya sarvanam kisi any sngya ya sarvanam ka adhar ho, vahan adhikaran karak hota hai. isake vibhakti chihn 'men, par' hain. jaise-

  • mahal men dipak jal raha hai.
  • chhap par kapade sookh rahe hain.
  • mujhamen shakti bahut kam hai.

sambodhan karak

jahan pukarane, chetavani dene ya dhyan akarshit karane ke lie kisi ko sambodhit kiya jata hai, vahan sambodhan karak hota hai. isake vibhakti chihn 'he, are, aji' hain. jaise-

  • he eeshvar! kripa karo.
  • are mohan! idhar ao.
  • aji! tum use kya maroge?



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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