सार्थक शब्द (व्याकरण)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • kisi nishchit arth ka bodh karane vale shabdon ko sarthak shabd kaha jata hai.
  • jis prakar mohan, ghar, rat, ana, niche, oopar adi sarthak shabd hain.

shabd bhed

vyakaran ke anusar sarthak shabdon ke ath bhed hote hain-

  • inamen se pratham char prakar ke shabd- sngya, sarvanam, visheshan aur kriya vikari hote hain, kyonki ye shabd ling, vachan, karak adi se vikrit ho jate hain.

sngya

  • kisi vyakti, sthan, padarth aur bhav ka bodh karane vale shabdon ko 'sngya' kahate hain.
  • sngya ke tin bhed hote hain- vyaktivachak, jativachak aur bhavavachak.

sarvanam

  • jo shabd sngya ke sthan par prayog men ate hain, unhen 'sarvanam' kahate hain.
  • sarvanam ke chh: bhed hote hain- purushavachak, nijavachak, nishchayavachak, anishchavachak, prashnavachak aur sambandhavachak.

visheshan

  • jo sngya ya sarvanam ki visheshata prakat karate hain, unhen visheshan kahate hain.
  • visheshan ke char pramukh bhed hote hain- gunavachak, snkhyavachak, parimanavachak, snketavachak.

kriya

  • jin shabdon men se kisi kary ya vyapar ke hone ya kiye jane ka bodh hota hai, unhen kriya kahate hain. jaise, uthana, baithana, sona, jagana, ana, jana, khana, pina adi.
  • samany roop se kriya ke do bhed hote hain- sakarmak kriya aur akarmak kriya.
  • parantu isake alava panch aur bhed hote hain- snyukt kriya, apoorn kriya, preranarthak kriya, sahayak kriya aur poorvakalik kriya.
  • inake atirikt shesh char prakar ke shabd- kriyavisheshan, sambandhabodhak, samuchyabodhak aur vismayadibodhak avikari hote hain, kyonki ye ling, vachan, karak adi se kabhi vikrit nahin hote hain. inako 'avyay' bhi kaha jata hai.

kriyavisheshan

  • jin avikari shabdon se kriya ki visheshata ka bodh hota hai, ve kriyavisheshan kahalate hain.

sambandhabodhak

  • jo avikari shabd sngya ya sarvanam shabdon ke pahale ya pichhe akar usaka sambandh vaky ke kisi any shabd se karate hain, unhen sambandhabodhak kahate hain.

samuchyabodhak

  • jo avikari shabd do shabdo, do vakyon athava do vaky khandon ko jodate hain, unhen samuchyabodhak kahate hain.

vismayadibodhak

  • jo avikari shabd harsh, shok, ashchary, ghrina, krodh, tiraskar adi bhavon ka bodh karate hain, unhen vismayadibodhak kahate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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