कूटाक्षरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kootakshari shabd ya shabdasamooh men varnon ka sthanantaran, shlesh, snkhya adi par adharit arthachatury utpann karane ki bauddhik krida.[1]kootakshari par adharit koot shlokon ko pratham prayog mahabharat men prapt hota hai. anushruti hai, mahabharat ki rachana ke samay vyas ko aise lipik ki avashyakata huee jo unake shabdon ko lipibaddh kar sake. yah karyabhar ganesh ne svikar kiya, kintu is shart ke sath ki vyas nirbadh roop men bolate rahen. mahabharat jaise mahakavy aur gnbhir grnth ki rachana men vyas jaise siddh kavi ko bhi kabhi kabhi rukakar chintan ki avashyakata thi. isake lie samay nikalane ke lie unhonne ganesh se kaha ki ve nirbadh to bolenge kintu ganesh ko bhi koee bat bina samajhe nahin likhani hogi. ise ganesh ne man liya. tadanusar chintan ke kshanon men ganesh ko atakae rakhane ke lie vyas ne sthan-sthan par koot shlokon ki rachana ki hai. jinaki kshanik bauddhik krida ke bad kathasootr phir gnbhirata ke sath age badhata tha. vyas ke koot shlok ka ek udaharan:-

keshvn patitn drishtva drono harshamupagat:.
rudnti kaurava: sarve ha ha keshav keshav..

shlok ka samany arth hai: krishn ko gira hua dekhakar dron ko bahut harsh prapt hua. sare kaurav ha keshav! ha keshav! kahakar rone lage. kintu isaka kootarth hai jal men (ke) shav gira hua dekhakar kauve (dron) bahut prasann hue. sare kaurav (gidad) ha jal men shav! (ke+ shav) ha jal men shav! kah rone lage.

hindi sahity men sooradas ke koot pad kaphi prasiddh hain. usaka ek udaharan hai:-

kahat kat paradesi ki bat.
mndir aradh avadhi badi ge hari ahar tari jat..
sasiripu barash sooraripu yug bar hararipu kie phirai ghat..
madhapnchak lai ge syamaghan ay bani yah bat..
nakhat ved grah jori ardh kari ko barajai ham khat..
sooradas prabhu tumahi milan ko kar midati pachhitat..

isamen doosari pnkti se lekar panchavin pnkti tak koot ka prayog hua hai.[2] isi prakar prachin kavi pray: apane grnthon ki rachanatithi ko koot dvara vyakt karate the. yatha-

kar nabh ras aru atma snvat phagun mas.
sukul pachchh tithi chauth ravi jehi din grnth prakas..

isamen grntharachana ka snvath‌ 1902 hai. kar = hath (2); nabh = akash ya shoony (0) ; ras = kavyaras (9) ; atma (1). is prakar 2091 snkhya prapt hoti hai. ankanan vamato gati: ke niyamanusar vastav men ise ulatakar 1902 padha jayaga. is prakar ki tithiyon ka ullekh prachin abhilekhon men bhi paya jata hai.

vastuon dvara snkhyaon ko vyakt karane ki parnpara hindi ke prachin kaviyon men paee jati hai. udaharanarth : 0 = akash; 1=prithvi, chndr, atma; 2=ankh, paksh, bhujaen, sarpajihva, nadikool, kan, pair; 3=gun, ram, kal, agni, shivanetr, tap adi.

pashchim men kootakshari ka mukhy prayog enogram ke roop men hua. ainagram grik bhasha ka shabd hai: aina (pichhe ki or ya ulta); grama (lekh). ainagram men shabd ya samooh ke varnon ke sthanantaran dvara any sarthak shabdon ki rachana ki jati thi, yatha-Matrimony (vivah) shabd ke varnon ke sthanantaran se into my arm (meri bhuja men) shabd samooh ki rachana. ainagram ka ek prachin udaharan pailet ke is prashn Quid est veritas[3]ka uttar Est vir qui adest[4]hai. yoonan aur rom men log is prakar ki shabdakrida se manornjan karate the. is tarah ki krida yahoodiyon, visheshat: kabalon men, prachalit thi. ve apane dikshagamy rahasyon ko varnon ki vishesh snkhyaon ke madhyam se vyakt karate the. madhyayugin yoorop men bhi isaka vyapak prachalan tha.

ainagram ka prayog lekhak apane vastavik namon ke varnon ke sthanantaran se upanam banane men bhi karate rahe hain. yoorop ke prarnbhik jyotivindh apani khojon ki pushti ke poorv bahudha unhen ainagram ke roop men gopaniy rakhate the. ainagram ka ek any roop aise shabd ki rachana hai jinhen chahe age se pichhe ki or ya pichhe se age ki or padha jae, shabd men koee antar nahin ata. udaharanarth: Levil tent adi shabd. ajakal ainagram ka vargapaheliyon ke snketon ke roop men vyapak prachalan hai.[5]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (koot = rahasyapoorn, gupt, vakr, dikshagamy adi).
  2. (mndir aradh = ghar ka madhy bhag, pakh arthath‌ ek paksh; hari ahar = sher ka bhojan, mans arthath‌ ek mah; sasiripu = chndrama ka shatru arthath‌ din; suraripu = soory ka shatru arthath‌ ratri; maghapnchak = magha nakshatr se panchavan nakshatr, chitra arthath‌ chitt: nakhat ved grah jori ardh kari = 27 + 4+ 9/2 = 20, bis arthath‌ vish)
  3. (saty kya hai ?)
  4. (yah tumhare sammukh khada manushy hai)
  5. hindi vishvakosh, khand 3 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 85 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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