लिंग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sngya ke us roop ko ling kahate hain, jisake dvara vachak shabdon ki jati ka bodh hota hai.

bhed

hindi men keval do ling hote hain-

pulling - jo sngyapad purush varg ke vachak hote hain, unhen pulling kahate hain. jaise, ladaka, adami, ghoda, sher, bakara, raja adi.

striling - jo sngyapad stri varg ke vachak hote hain, unhen striling kahate hain. jaise, ladaki, aurat, ghodi, sherani, bakari, rani adi.

pulling se striling banane ke niyam

1. sambandhavachak tatha pranivachak akarant pulling sngyaon ke ant men 'ee' lagakar athava a ya a ke sthan par 'ee' kar dene se striling pad ban jate hain.
sambandhavachak shabd
pulling striling
chacha chachi
mama mami
kaka kaki
sala sali
pranivachak shabd
pulling striling
putr putri
nat nati
das dasi
bakara bakari
2. kuchh akarant pulling sngyaon ke ant men 'iya' laga dene se striling pad ban jate hain.
jaise- boodha – budhiya,

beta – bitiya, kutta – kutiya,

chooha – chuhiya
3. kuchh pranivachak sngyaon ke ant men 'in' laga dene se striling pad ban jate hain.
jaise- sanp – sanpin,

bagh – baghin, nag – nagin,

nati – natin
4. kisi vyavasay athava peshe ka bodh karane vali pulling sngyaon ke ant men bhi 'in' laga dene se striling pad ban jate hain. jaise-
jaise- mali – malin,

naee – nain, chamar – chamarin,

luhar – luharin
5. kuchh pranivachak pulling sngyaon ke ant men 'ni' jod dene se bhi striling pad ban jate hain.
jaise- sinh – sinhani,

sher – sherani, oont – oontani,

mor – morani
6. kuchh pulling sngyaon ke ant men 'ani' jod dene se striling pad ban jate hain.
jaise- seth – sethani,

chaudhari – chaudharani, devar – devarani,

naukar – naukarani
7. kuchh pulling sngyaon ke ant men 'ain' jod dene se striling pad ban jate hain.
jaise- pndit – pnditain,

thakur – thakurain,

chaudhari – chaudharain
8. kuchh pulling sngyaon ke striling pad poornataya bhinn hote hain.
jaise- purush – stri,

mard – aurat, pita – mata,

bap – man
9. kuchh pulling sngyaon ke pahale 'mada' lagakar striling pad banaye jate hain.
jaise- bhaloo – mada bhaloo,

bhediya – mada bhediya,

kharagosh – mada khadagosh
10. kuchh striling sngyaon ke pahale 'nar' lagakar pulling pad bhi banaye jate hain.
jaise- machhali – nar machhali,

chhipakali – nar chhipakali,

chil – nar chil
11. kuchh striling sngyaon ke age 'a' jodakar bhi pulling pad bana liye jate hain.
jaise- bhains – bhainsa,

bhed – bheda, mausi – mausa,

jiji – jija

vishesh

1. jin padon par sadharanataya purush varg hi asin hota raha hai, unake soochak sngya padon ko pulling hi mana jata hai, chahe un par striyan hi asin kyon n ho.
udaharan- rashtrapati, rajyapal, mntri, ziladhikari, sipahi, patavari adi.
2. jati, upajati, desh, deshavasi, sagar, var aur grah ke soochak shabd pulling hote hain.
jati - brahman, kshatriy, vaishy, shoodr, hindoo, musalaman, eesaee adi.
upajati - mishr, pandey, kayasth, khanna, kapoor, agraval adi.
desh - bharat, japan, chin, roos, amerika adi.
deshavasi - bharatiy, chini, japani, roosi, barmi adi.
sagar - hind, prashant, lal, kala, bhoomadhy adi.
var - somavar, mngalavar, budhavar adi.
grah - soory, shani, varun grah adi.
3. prithvi, tithi, rashi, nadi aur bhasha ke soochak shabd striling hote hain.
prithvi - dharati, mahi, vasundhara.
tithi - pariva, dauj, tij, chauth, amavasya, poornima.
rashi - kumbh, min, tula, sinh.
nadi - gnga, yamuna, kaveri, godavari.
bhasha - hindi, angrezi, urdoo, marathi, gujarati.
4. angavachak shabd vyavahar ke anusar kuchh pulling aur kuchh striling mane jate hain. jaise-
pulling - hath, pair, mastak, sir, bal, pet, ghutana, palak, hoth, dant, kanth, gal, pnja, angootha, nakhoon.
striling - nak, ankh, jibh, putali, chhati, pit, jangh, guda, edi, hatheli, kuhani, tang, kamar, ungali, kalaee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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