वाक्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sarthak shabdon ka vyavasthit samooh jisase apekshit arth prakat ho, vaky kahalata hai. ek vichar ko poornata se prakat karane vala shabd-samooh vaky kahalata hai. jaise-

  • shyam doodh pi raha hai.
  • yah kitana sundar upavan hai.
  • oh ! aj to garami ke karan pran nikale ja rahe hain.

ye sabhi mukh se nikalane vali sarthak dhvaniyon ke samooh hain. atah ye vaky hain. vaky bhasha ka charam avayav hai.

vaky ke ang

vaky ke do ang hai:-

uddeshy

jisake bare men kuchh bataya jata hai, use uddeshy kahate hain; jaise- anurag khelata hai. sachin daudata hai. in vakyon men 'anurag' aur 'sachin' ke vishay men bataya gaya hai. at: ye uddeshy hain. isake antargat karta aur karta ka vistar ata hai jaise- 'parishram karane vala vyakti sada saphal hota hai.' is vaky men karta (vyakti) ka vistar 'parishram karane vala' hai.

vidhey

vaky ke jis bhag men uddeshy ke bare men jo kuchh kaha jata hai, use vidhey kahate hain; jaise- anurag khelata hai. is vaky men 'khelata hai' vidhey hai. vidhey ke vistar ke antargat vaky ke karta (uddeshy) ko alag karane ke bad vaky men jo kuchh bhi shesh rah jata hai, vah vidhey kahalata hai, jaise- lnbe-lnbe balon vali ladaki abhi-abhi ek bachche ke sath daudate hue udhar gee'. is vaky men 'abhi-abhi ek bachche ke sath daudate hue udhar gee' vidhey ka vistar hai tatha 'lnbe-lnbe balon vali ladaki' uddeshy ka vistar hai.

uddeshy ka vistar-

kee bar vaky men usaka parichay dene vale any shabd bhi sath ae hote hain. ye any shabd uddeshy ka vistar kahalate hain. jaise-

  • sundar pakshi dal par baitha hai.
  • kala sanp ped ke niche baitha hai.

inamen sundar aur kala shabd uddeshy ka vistar hain. uddeshy men nimnalikhit shabd-bhedon ka prayog hota hai-

vaky ke sadharan uddeshy men visheshanadi jodakar usaka vistar karate hain. uddeshy ka vistar niche likhe shabdon ke dvara prakat hota hai-

  1. visheshan se- achchha balak agya ka palan karata hai.
  2. snbndh karak se- darshakon ki bhid ne use gher liya.
  3. vakyansh se- kam sikha hua karigar kathinaee se milata hai.

vidhey ka vistar- mool vidhey ko poorn karane ke lie jin shabdon ka prayog kiya jata hai ve vidhey ka vistar kahalate hain. jaise-vah apane pain se likhata hai. isamen apane vidhey ka vistar hai. karm ka vistar- isi tarah karm ka vistar ho sakata hai. jaise-mitr, achchhi pustaken padho. isamen achchhi karm ka vistar hai. kriya ka vistar- isi tarah kriya ka bhi vistar ho sakata hai. jaise-shrey man lagakar padhata hai. man lagakar kriya ka vistar hai.[1]

vaky men anivary tatv

vaky men nimnalikhit chh: tattv anivary hain-

  1. sarthakata
  2. yogyata
  3. akanksha
  4. nikatata
  5. padakram
  6. anvay
sarthakata

vaky ka kuchh n kuchh arth avashy hota hai. at: isamen sarthak shabdon ka hi prayog hota hai.

yogyata

vaky men prayukt shabdon men prasng ke anusar apekshit arth prakat karane ki yogyata hoti hai; jaise- 'chay khaee', yah vaky nahin hai kyonki chay khaee nahin jati balki pi jati hai.

akanksha

'akanksha' ka arth hai 'ichchha', vaky apane ap men poora hona chahie. usamen kisi aise shabd ki kami nahin honi chahie jisake karan arth ki abhivyakti men adhoorapan lage. jaise patr likhata hai, is vaky men kriya ke karta ko janane ki ichchha hogi. at: poorn vaky is prakar hoga- ram patr likhata hai.

nikatata

bolate tatha likhate samay vaky ke shabdon men paraspar nikatata ka hona bahut avashyak hai, rook-rook kar bole ya likhe ge shabd vaky nahin banate. at: vaky ke pad nirntar pravah men pas-pas bole ya likhe jane chahie.

padakram

vaky men padon ka ek nishchit kram hona chahie. 'suhavani hai rat hoti chandani' isamen padon ka kram vyavasthit n hone se ise vaky nahin manengen. ise is prakar hona chahie- 'chandani rat suhavani hoti hai'.

anvay

anvay ka arth hai- mel. vaky men ling, vachan, purush, kal, karak adi ka kriya ke sath thik-thik mel hona chahie; jaise- 'balak aur balikaen geen', isamen karta kriya anvay thik nahin hai. at: shuddh vaky hoga 'balak aur balikaen ge'.

inhen bhi dekhen: vaky bhed, vaky parivartan evn vaky vishleshan


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vaky-prakaran (hindi) (html) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 22 janavari, 2016.

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