काल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg kal ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- kal (bahuvikalpi)

kriya ke vyapar ka samay soochit karane vale kriya roop ko 'kal' kahate hain. hindi men kal ke tin pramukh bhed hote hain-vartaman kal, bhootakal aur bhavishyath kal.

vartaman kal

kal ke jis kriya roop se kary ke abhi hone ka bodh hota hai, use vartaman kal kahate hain. isake tin bhed hote hain-

samany vartaman

kriya ke jis roop se kary ki abhi poornata ya apoornata ka gyan n ho use samany vartaman kal kahate hain. jaise-

  1. ram ghar jata hai.
  2. main pustak padhata hoon.
  3. vah gend khelata hai.

apoorn vartaman

kal ke jis kriya roop dvara yah bodh hota hai ki kary isi samay kiya ja raha hai ya kary lagatar ho raha hai, use apoorn vartaman kal kahate hain. jaise-

  1. shyam gend khel raha hai.
  2. main bhojan kar raha hoon.
  3. vah ghar ja raha hai.

poorn vartaman

kal ke jis kriya roop dvara yah bodh hota hai ki kary abhi poorn hua hai. use poorn vartaman kal kahate hain. jaise-

  1. mohan ne kitab padhi hai.
  2. mainne phal khaye hain.
  3. usane gend kheli hai.

bhootakal

kal ke jis kriya roop dvara kary ke atit (bite hue samay) men hone ka bodh hota hai, use bhootakal kahate hain. bhootakal ke bhi tin bhed hote hain-

samany bhoot

kal ke jis kriya roop dvara atit men kary ki poornata ya apoornata ka bodh n ho, use samany bhootakal kahate hain. jaise-

  1. mohan ghar gaya.
  2. mainne jahaz dekha.
  3. usane roti khaee.

apoorn bhoot

kal ke jis kriya roop dvara yah bodh hota hai ki kary atit men poora nahin hua, apitu niyamit roop se jari raha, use apoorn bhoot kahate hain. jaise-

  1. mohan maidan men ghoom raha tha.
  2. main sal men ek bar ghar jata tha.
  3. vah haauki khel raha tha.

poorn bhoot

kal ke jis kriya roop dvara yah bodh hota hai ki kary ek nishchit samay se pahale hi poora ho chuka tha, use poorn bhoot kahate hain. jaise-

  1. padma ne nrity kiya tha.
  2. mainne sinema dekha tha.
  3. vah dilli gaya tha.

bhavishyath kal

kal ke jis kriya roop dvara yah bodh hota hai ki kary age ane vale samay men hoga, use bhavishyath kal kahate hain. jaise-

  1. gyanoo dilli jayega.
  2. minoo am layega.
  3. rajoo der tak padhega.
  4. vah kahani sunayega.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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