वचन (हिन्दी)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vikari shabdon ke jis roop se snkhya ka bodh hota hai, use vachan kahate hain. vaise to shabdon ka sngya bhed vividh prakar ka hota hai, parantu vyakaran men usake ek aur anek bhed prachalit hain. isi adhar par hindi men vachan ke do bhed hote hain

  • ekavachan aur
  • bahuvachan.

ekavachan

vikari shabdon ke jis roop se ek ka bodh hota hai, use ekavachan kahate hain. jaise, ladaka, ghoda, ghar, parvat, nadi, main, vah, yah adi.

bahuvachan

vikari shabdon ke jis roop se anek ka bodh hota hai, use bahuvachan kahate hain. jaise, ladake, ghode, gharon, parvaton, nadiyon, ham, ve, ye adi.

kuchh sngyapad hindi men ekavachan aur bahuvachan donon men saman roop se prayukt hote hain. unake vachan ka bodh vaky ke ashay se hota hai. jaise, am, ghar, ped, sipahi, adami, dam adi.

udaharan

ekavachan bahuvachan
am bahut mitha hai. sipahi ja raha hai. am bahut mithe hain. sipahi ja rahe hain.
mera ghar sundar hai. adami so raha hai. hamare ghar sundar hain. adami so rahe hain.
jamun ka ped hara hai. mainne dam de diya hai. jamun ke ped hare hain. hamane dam de diye hain.

bahut se poojy evn uchch padadhikariyon ko adar dene ke lie ekavachan ka sngyapad bhi bahuvachan men prayukt hota hai. udaharan-

ekavachan se bahuvachan banane ke niyam

  • akarant pulling shabdon ke bahuvachan banane ke lie ant ke 'a' ke sthan par 'e' laga dete hain. jaise-

beta - bete
ladaka - ladake
kamara - kamare
kapada - kapade

  • akarant striling shabdon ka bahuvachan banane ke lie ant ke 'a' ke sthan par 'ai' kar dete hain. jaise-

ankh - ankhen
bat - baten
gay - gayen
rat - raten

  • akarant, ukarant aur aukarant striling ekavachan shabdon ka bahuvachan banane ke lie bhi ant men 'en' laga dete hain. jaise-

mala - malaen
mata - mataen
dava - davaen
vastu - vastuen

  • ikarant striling ekavachan shabdon ka bahuvachan banane ke lie unake ant men 'yan' jod dete hain. jaise-

shakti - shaktiyan
rashi - rashiyan
riti - ritiyan
tithi - tithiyan

  • ikarant striling ekavachan shabdon ka bahuvachan banane ke lie antim 'ee' ko hrasv karake 'yan' jod dete hain. jaise-

nadi - nadiyan
sakhi - sakhiyan
ladaki - ladakiyan
thali - thaliyan

  • 'iya' pratyay se bane hue ekavachan striling shabdon ka bahuvachan banane ke lie unake ant men chandrabindu laga dete hain. jaise-

gudiya - gudiyan
budhiya - budhiyan
dibiya - dibiyan

  • kuchh ukarant shabdon ka bahuvachan banane ke lie 'oo' hrasv karake ant men 'en' jod dete hain. jaise-

loo - luen
joo - juen
bahoo - bahuen

  • kuchh shabdon ke age log, gan, vrind, jati, jan aur varg adi shabd lagakar unake bahuvachan banaye jate hain. jaise-

sadhu - sadhulog
balak - balakagan
adhyapak - adhyapakavrind

  • kuchh shabdon ko do bar prayog karake unaka bahuvachan banaya jata hai. jaise-

ghar - ghar-ghar
bhaee - bhaee-bhaee
ganv - ganv-ganv


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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