क्रिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • jis shabd athava shabd-samooh ke dvara kisi kary ke hone athava kiye jane ka bodh ho use kriya kahate hain. jaise-
  1. sita 'nach rahi hai'.
  2. bachcha doodh 'pi raha hai'.
  3. suresh kaaulej 'ja raha hai'.
  4. mira 'buddhiman hai'.
  5. shiva ji bahut 'vir' the.

inamen ‘nach rahi hai’, ‘pi raha hai’, ‘ja raha hai’ shabdon se kary-vyapar ka bodh ho raha hain. in sabhi shabdon se kisi kary ke karane athava hone ka bodh ho raha hai. atah ye kriyaen hain.

dhatu

kriya ka mool roop dhatu kahalata hai. jaise - likh, padh, ja, kha, ga, ro, adi. inhin dhatuon se likhata, padhata, adi kriyaen banati hain.

kriya ke bhed

kriya ke do bhed hain-

  1. akarmak kriya.
  2. sakarmak kriya.
  3. dvikarmak kriya

akarmak kriya

jin kriyaon ka asar karta par hi padata hai ve akarmak kriya kahalati hain. aisi akarmak kriyaon ko karm ki avashyakata nahin hoti. akarmak kriyaon ke udaharan hain-

  1. rakesh rota hai.
  2. sanp rengata hai.
  3. bas chalati hai.

kuchh akarmak kriyaen

  • lajana,
  • hona,
  • badhana,
  • sona,
  • khelana,
  • akadana,
  • darana,
  • baithana,
  • hnsana,
  • ugana,
  • jina,
  • daudana,
  • rona,
  • thaharana,
  • chamakana,
  • dolana,
  • marana,
  • ghatana,
  • phandana,
  • jagana,
  • barasana,
  • uchhalana,
  • koodana adi.

sakarmak kriya

jin kriyaon ka asar karta par nahin karm par padata hai, vah sakarmak kriya kahalati hain. in kriyaon men karm ka hona avashyak hota hain, udaharan -

  1. main lekh likhata hoon.
  2. suresh mithaee khata hai.
  3. mira phal lati hai.
  4. bhnvara phoolon ka ras pita hai.

dvikarmak kriya

jin kriyaon ke do karm hote hain, unhen dvikarmak kriya kahate hain. udaharan-

  1. mainne ram ko pustak di.
  2. shyam ne radha ko rupaye die.
  • oopar ke vakyon men ‘dena’ kriya ke do karm hain. atah dena dvikarmak kriya hain.

prayog ki drishti se kriya ke bhed

  • prayog ki drishti se kriya ke nimnalikhit panch bhed hain-

samany kriya

jahan keval ek kriya ka prayog kiya jata hai vahan samany kriya hoti hai. jaise-

  1. ap ae.
  2. vah nahaya adi.

snyukt kriya

jahan do athava adhik kriyaon ka sath-sath prayog kiya jata hai, ve snyukt kriya kahalati hain. jaise-

  1. mira mahabharat padhane lagi.
  2. vah kha chuka.

nam dhatu kriya

sngya, sarvanam athava visheshan shabdon se bane kriyapad ko namadhatu kriya kahate hain. jaise - hathiyana, sharamana, apanana, lajana, jhuthalana adi.

preranarthak kriya

jis kriya se gyan ho ki karta svayn kary ko n karake kisi any ko kary karane ki prerana deta hai vah preranarthak kriya kahalati hai. in kriyaon ke do karta hote hain-

  1. prerak karta - prerana pradan karane vala.
  2. prerit karta - prerana lene vala.

jaise -

  • shyam radha se patr likhavata hai. isamen vastav men patr to radha likhati hai, kintu usako likhane ki prerana shyam deta hai. atah ‘likhavana’ kriya preranarthak kriya hai. is vaky men shyam prerak karta hai aur radha prerit karta.

poorvakalik kriya

kisi kriya se poorv yadi koee doosari kriya prayukt hoti hai to vah poorvakalik kriya kahalati hai.

  • jaise- main abhi sokar utha hoon. isamen ‘utha hoon’ kriya se poorv ‘sokar’ kriya ka prayog hua hai. atah ‘sokar’ poorvakalik kriya hai.

vishesh- poorvakalik kriya ya to kriya ke samany roop men prayukt hoti hai athava dhatu ke ant men ‘kar’ athava ‘karake’ laga dene se poorvakalik kriya ban jati hai. jaise-

  1. rakesh doodh pite hi so gaya.
  2. ladakiyan pustaken padhakar jaengi.

apoorn kriya

kee bar vaky men kriya ke hote hue bhi usaka arth spasht nahin hota, aisi kriyaen apoorn kriya kahalati hain. jaise -

  1. mahatma gandhi the.
  2. tum ho. ye kriyaen apoorn kriyaen hai.
  • inhin vakyon ko is prakar poorn kiya ja sakata hai-
  1. mahatma gandhi rashtrapita the.
  2. tum buddhiman ho.
  • in vakyon men kramashah ‘rashtrapita’ aur ‘buddhiman’ shabdon ke prayog se spashtata a gee. ye sabhi shabd ‘poorak’ hain.
  • apoorn kriya ke arth ko poora karane ke lie jin shabdon ka prayog kiya jata hai unhen poorak kahate hain.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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