भूमध्य सागर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhoomadhy sagar
Mediterranean Sea

itihas men bhoomadhy sagar ke donon or ke desh hi yoorop ki duniya thi. isi se ise 'bhoomadhy sagar' kaha jata hai. yooropiy vidvanh prarambh men yahi sabhyataen janate the aur inhen hi prachinatam manav sabhyata samajhate the. inamen bhi sabase prachin sabhyata hai- misr ki sabhyata. bhoomadhy sagar ka kshetraphal lagabhag 25 lakh varg kilomitar hai jo bharat ke kshetraphal ka lagabhag tin-chauthaee hai . prachin kal men yoonan, turki, karthej, spen, rom, yerushalam, arab tatha misr jaise deshon aur nagaron ke bich sthit hone ke karan ise bhoomadhy (dharati ke madhy ka) sagar kaha jata tha. yah atalantik mahasagar se jibraltar dvara juda hua hai jo lagabhag 14 kilomitar chauda ek jaladamaroo madhy hai.[1]

tritiy himachh‍chhadan ke samay

tritiy himachh‍chhadan ke samay bhoomadhh‍y sagar ka astith‍v do jhilon ke roop men tha, jo nadi dvara snbaddh ho sakati thin. poorvi jhil men, jo shayad mithe pani ki thi, nil nadi aur asapas ka jal ata tha. bhoomadhh‍y sagar aj bhi ek ph‍yasa sagar hai. soory ke tap se pani adhik udane se vah sikudata rahata hai, jaise - mrit sagar (Dead Sea) sikud raha hai. is snkuchan ko door karane ke lie aj pani atalantik mahasagar se jibralh‍tar jalasndhi se hokar tatha kala sagar se daniyal (Dardanelles) jalasndhi hokar bhoomadhh‍y sagar men ata hai.
bhoomadhy sagar
Mediterranean Sea
kala sagar ko avashh‍yakata se adhik jal nadiyon se praph‍t hota hai. jab bhoomadhh‍y sagar ki ghati donon or sagaron se snbaddh n thi tab aj jahan nil sagar laharata hai vahan hari-bhari ghati men manushh‍y sh‍vachh‍chhnd ghoomate the.

par barf pighalane se mahasagaron ke jal ki satah oopar uthane lagi. tabhi snbhavataya kisi akashiy pind ne pas akar bhaynkar jh‍var-tarnge uth‍panh‍n kin. phalat: atalantik mahasagar ka jal pashchim se yoorop aur aphrika ke bich ki ghati men phoot nikala. usane mitti baha di. aj bhi atalantik mahasagar se jibralh‍tar jalasndhi hokar bhoomadhh‍y sagar tal tak ek gahara galiyara roopi mahakhadd vidyaman hai. vahan ki sidhi chattanon ko ‘harakulis’ ke sh‍tnbh (Pillars of Hercules) kahate hain. harakulis (balaram ka doosara nam) ke sahasik karyon ki kahaniyan vidit hain. sare snsar men jh‍var tarnge uthin. pahale thodi dhara men aur phir bhaynkar gaharata sagar ‘bhoomadhh‍y ghati’ ki jhilon ke kinaron ki adim bastiyon par umad pada. shanai:-shanai: vah khara pani bastiyon aur pedon ke oopar pahadon ko chhoone laga. vahaaun panapata sabhh‍yata ka bij mit gaya aur aphrika ka yoorop se sh‍thal-snbndh toot gaya. aphriki prajatiyon ka badi matra men yoorop men nirgaman samaph‍t hua. prarnbhik manav itihas ke kuchh rahash‍yon ko garbh men dharan kie aj bhoomadhh‍y sagar lahara raha hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bhoomadhy sagariy sabhyataen (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 08-11, 2010.
  2. jal ph‍lavanah sabhh‍yata ki pratham kiranen evn dntakathaऍn (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 08-11, 2010.

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