अटलांटिक महासागर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

atalantik mahasagar

atalantik mahasagar athava 'andh mahasagar' us vishal jalarashi ko kahate hain, jo yoorop tatha afrika mahadvip ko nee duniya ke mahadvipon se prithakh karati hai. is mahasagar ka akar lagabhag angrezi ke ank '8' ke saman hai. lnbaee ki apeksha isaki chaudaee bahut kam hai. arkatik mahasagar, jo bering jal damaroomadhy se uttari dhruv hota hua spitsabarjen aur grinalaind tak vistrit hai, mukhyatah andh mahasagar ka hi ek bhag hai. is prakar uttar men bering jal damaroomadhy se lekar dakshin men kotsalaind tak isaki lnbaee 12,810 mil hai. isi prakar dakshin men dakshini jaaurjiya ke dakshin men sthit 'vaidal sagar' bhi isi mahasagar ka ang hai. isaka kshetraphal 4,10,81,040 varg mil hai. antargat samudron ko chhodakar isaka kshetraphal 3,18,14,640 varg mil hai. vishalatam mahasagar n hote hue bhi atalantik mahasagar ke adhin vishv ka sabase bada jal pravah kshetr ata hai.

snrachana tatha vistar

atalantik mahasagar ke nital ke prarnbhik adhyayan men jalapot chailenjar ke anveshan abhiyan ke hi saman anek any vaigyanik mahasagariy anveshanon ne yog diya tha. isaka nital is mahasagar ke ek koot dvara poorvi aur pashchimi droniyon men vibhakt hai. in droniyon men adhikatam gaharaee 16,500 phut se bhi adhik hai. poorvokt samudrantar koot kafi ooncha utha hua hai aur aisalaind ke samip se arnbh hokar 55 digri dakshin akshansh ke lagabhag sthit 'bove dvip' tak phaila hai. is mahasagar ke uttari bhag men is koot ko 'dalaphin koot' aur dakshin men 'chailenjar koot' kaha jata hai. is koot ka vistar lagabhag 10,000 phut ki gaharaee par atoot hai aur kee sthanon par koot sagar ki satah ke bhi oopar utha hua hai. azors, sent paaul, asenshan, tristan d kunha aur bove dvip isi koot par sthit hain. nimn kooton men dakshini atalantik mahasagar ka 'valafish koot' aur 'riyo graind koot' tatha uttari atalantik mahasagar ka 'vaivil tamasan koot' ullekhaniy hain. ye tinon nimn koot mukhy koot se lnb disha men vistarit hain.[1]

ee. kosana (1921) ke anusar is mahasagar ki ausat gaharaee, antargat samudron ko chhodakar, 3,926 mitar, arthath 12,839 phut hai. isaki adhikatam gaharaee, jo abhi tak gyat ho saki hai, 8,750 mitar arthath 28,614 phut hai aur yah gini sthali ki portoriki droni men sthit hai.

nital ke nikshep

atalantik mahasagar

atalantik mahasagar ki mukhy sthali ka 74 pratishat bhag tal plavi nikshepon dvara achchhadit hai, jisamen chhote-chhote jivon ke shalk, jaise- globijaraina, teropaaud, dayatam adi ke shalk hain. 26 pratishat bhag par bhoomi par utpann hue avasadon ka nikshep hai, jo mote kanon dvara nirmit hai.

lavanata

uttari atalantik mahasagar ke prishthatal ki lavanata any samudron ki tulana men paryapt adhik hai. isaki adhikatam matra 3.7 pratishat hai, jo 20°-30° uttar akshanshon ke bich vidyaman hai. any bhagon men lavanata apekshakrit kam hai.[2]

baramooda trikon

snsar ki kuchh bahut hi khataranak jagahon men se ek 'baramooda trikon' atalantik mahasagar men hi hai. yah trikon atalantik mahasagar ka vah bhag hai, jise 'danavi trikon', 'shaitani tribhuj', 'maut ka trikon' ya 'bhutaha trikon' bhi kaha jata hai, kyonki varsh 1854 se is kshetr men kuchh aisi ghatanaen aur durghatanaऍn ghatit hoti rahi hain, jinhen sunakar ashchary hota hai. yahan ab tak saikadon-hazaron ki snkhya men viman, pani ke jahaz tatha vyakti gaye aur sndigh‍dh roop se lapata ho gaye. lakh koshishon ke bad bhi unaka pata nahin lagaya ja saka. aisa kabhi-kabhar nahin, balki kee bar ho chuka hai. yahi karan hai ki aj bhi isake as-pas se gujarane vale jahajon aur vayuyanon ke chalak dal ke sadash‍y v yatri sihar uthate hain. kee varshon se yah trikon vaigyanikon, itihasakartaon aur khojakartaon ke lie bhi ek bada rahash‍y bana hua hai.

prishthadharaen

is mahasagar ki prishthadharaen niyatavahi pavanon ke anuroop bahati hain. parntu sthal khnd ki akriti ke prabhav se dharaon ke is kram men kuchh antar avashy a jata hai. uttari atalantik mahasagar ki dharaon men uttari vishuvatiy dhara, galf strim, uttari atalantik pravah, kaineri dhara aur laibrodor dharaen mukhy hain. dakshini atalantik mahasagar ki dharaon men dakshini vishuvatiy dhara, brajil dhara, fakalaind dhara, pachhavan pravah aur baingula dharaen mukhy hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 atalantik mahasagar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 30 julaee, 2012.
  2. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 86 |

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