कैस्पियन सागर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kaispiyan sagar

kaispiyan sagar vishv ka sabase bada sagar hai. aj bhale hi manav chand ki yatra kar chuka ho, lekin prakriti aj bhi logon ke lie rahasy aur vaigyanikon ke lie anasulajhi paheli bani huee hai. duniya bhar men mashahoor kee jhilen aur sagar apane vishalakay akar-prakar ki vajah se kisi rahasy se kam nahin hain. unhin men ek hai- kaispiyan sagar. yah sagar apane bhitar kee hairatangej dastan samete hue hai.

sthiti tatha kshetraphal

vishv ke sabase bade is sagar ka vartaman kshetrapaphal 1,43,000 varg mil yani 3,71,000 varg kilomitar hai. vaigyanikon ke anusar paryavaran asntulan ke kahar se yah sagar bhi achhoota nahin raha hai aur dhire-dhire sikud raha hai. varsh 1994-1950 ke dashak men isaka kshetraphal 1,69,000 yani 4,38,000 varg kilomitar tha. taja akadon ke mutabik, kaispiyan sagar 750 mitar yani 1200 kilomitar lamba aur 480 kilomitar chauda hai, jabaki 3000 phut se zyada gahara hai. bhoovaigyanikon ke anusar kisi samay yah 'aral sagar' se juda hua tha, jo ek khara sagar hai.[1]

mukhy nadiyan

kaispiyan sagar ke poorv, uttar tatha pashchim men soviyat sngh tatha dakshin men eeran sthit hai. isaka pani any sagaron ki apeksha kam khara hai. kuchh bhagon men isaki gaharaee bahut adhik aur kuchh men bilkul kam hai. isaka tal any sagaron ki apeksha nicha hai. prachin kal men vnkshu (aksas) nadi isi men girati thi; ab isamen balga, koora, yooral adi nadiyan girati hai. isamen upayogi machhaliyan paee jati hai, at: as-pas matsy udyog ki pradhanata hai. navikon ko yahan sagar yatra ka prashikshan bhi diya jata hai. astrakhan, bakoo tatha astrabad isake mukhy pattan hai. is sagar men snpoorn varsh nauparivahan kathin tatha bhayavah rahata hai. soviyat sngh ne kaispiyan sagar men yuddhapoton ka ek beda rakha hai aur apana nausena kendr kraisanovotask men sthapit kiya hai. nadiyon tatha naharon ke madhyam se isaka sidha jal yatayat snbndh, kala sagar, baltik sagar tatha shvet sagar se kar diya gaya hai.

tatavarti desh

sagar ke as-pas ka kshetr amataur par parvatiy hai. lekin apavad ke taur par balga nadi ke muhane par ek delta bhi hai. kaispiyan ka sabase namakin ya khara bhag kara-bogaj-gol hai. yahan ke snkare chainal ke jarie kaispiyan ke mukhy bhag se judi huee khadi hai, jisamen hamesha pani ki bahut hi shaktishali laharen banati hain. kaispiyan ka akarshan aur vishalakay kshetraphal sikndar mahanh aur marko polo ko apane nikat khinch laya tha. yah kee deshon ko jodata hai to kee deshon ki arthavyavastha ka meroodnd bhi hai. yah poorv soviyat ganarajyon roos, kazakistan, ajarabaijan, turkamenistan se ghira hai to yoorop se eshiya poorv tak phaila hua hai. isake dakshin men eeran hai. kaispiyan sagar ke kinare kul pachas dvip hain, jisake kinare pramukh vyaparik marg hain. isake kinare bakoo sabase bada port siti hai, jo ajarabaijan ki rajadhani hai. kaispiyan sagar ka pani halka khara hai. yah samudr tat ki oonchaee se 28 mitar niche hai. isaki sundarata ki tulana grik ke devata 'apolo' se ki jati hai.[1]

kaispiyan ke davedar

kaispiyan sagar aj kee deshon ke bich vivad ka vishay bhi bana hua hai. is sagar par davedari karane vale pramukh desh hain-

  1. roos
  2. turkamenistan
  3. azarabaijan
  4. kajakistan
  5. eeran

kaispiyan sagar par kuchh deshon ke adhikar kshetr ko lekar khade hue vivad ko lekar maausko men ek antararashtriy sammelan shuroo hua tha. kaispiyan sagar zamin se ghira duniya ka sabase bada sagar hai aur das varsh pahale tak ye eeran aur soviyat sngh ke bich bnta hua tha, lekin ab is sagar ke jal, tel ke beshakimati bhndar aur bhari mang vali starjan machhaliyon par panch desh dava kar rahe hain.

vivad ka sambhavit hal

kaispiyan sagar ke adhikar ko lekar hone vale vivad ko talane ke lie sagar ko bantane ke lie do sujhav die ge hain-

  1. sabase sidha aur asan sa tariqa yah hai ki is sagar ko panch alag-alag kshetron men saman roop men vibhajit kar diya jae.
  2. sagar se lagane vale deshon ko unake samudr taton ki lnbaee ke hisab se sagar ka hissa diya jae.

isaka arth yah hoga ki turkamenistan ko sagar ka sabase adhik aur azarabaijan ko sabase kam hissa milega. yahi vajah hai ki doosare sujhav ko azarabaijan men adhik samarthan nahin mila hai.

tel pariyojana

azarabaijan kaispiyan sagar men adhik hissa chahata hai. isaki ek vajah ye bhi hai ki amariki tel knpani "eksaaunamobil" ne usake ilake men tel nikalane ki ek badi pariyojana se hath khinch lie hain. ye doosara mauqa hai, jab "eksaaunamobil" ne azarabaijan ke sima kshetr men sthit kisi pariyojana se hatane ka faisala kiya hai, kyonki use vahan paryapt matra men tel nahin mila. agar sagar ke bntavare ka prashn sulajh bhi jata hai to in panchon deshon ke lie ek doosari badi chunauti paryavaran ki gnbhir samasya ka samadhan dhoondhana hoga. kaispiyan sagar men badi tadad men starjan machhaliyan paee jati hain, jisake ande bade chav se khae jate hain, lekin abhi sirf eeran ko hi starjan machhaliyan pakadane ki anumati hai. eeran aisa akela desh hai, jisane machhaliyan pakadane ke bare men disha-nirdesh lagoo kar rakhe hain. paryavaranavidon ko chinta hai ki agar kaispiyan sagar men machhaliyan pakadane ke bare men doosare desh bhi disha-nirdesh lagoo nahin karate hain to vahan paryavaran ka gnbhir snkat khada ho sakata hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 rahasyon se bhara kaispiyan sagar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 25 march, 2013.
  2. kaispiyan sagar par kisaka hak (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 25 march, 2013.

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