चौपाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chaupaee matrik sam chhand ka ek bhed hai. prakrit tatha apabhrnsh ke 16 matra ke varnanatmak chhandon ke adhar par vikasit hindi ka sarvapriy aur apana chhand hai. gosvami tulasidas ne ramacharitamanas men chaupaee chhand ka bahut achchha nirvah kiya hai. chaupaee men char charan hote hain, pratyek charan men 16-16 matraen hoti hain tatha ant men guru hota hai. 'prakritapainkalamh' ka chupiya 15 matraon ka bhinn chhand hai. isaka vikas padakulak ke chaukalon ke niyam ke shithil hone se sambhav jan padata hai. bhanu ne chaupaee ke 16 matra ke charanon men n to chaukalon ka koee kram mana hai aur n hi laghu-guru ka. unhonne sam ke pichhe sam aur visham ke pichhe visham kal ke prayog ko achchha mana hai tatha ant men jagan (.a.) aur tagan (aa.) ko varjit mana hai.[1]

  • sam-sam ka prayog-

"guru-pad-raj-mridu-mn-jul-an-jan".

  • visham-visham, sam-sam ka prayog-

"nity-bhajiy-taji-man-kuti-la-ee".

  • visham-visham sam, visham-visham sam ka prayog-

"kahahu-ram-ki-katha-suha-ee."

  • do visham sam ke saman prayukt-

"bndaun-ram-nam-raghu-barako."[2] tulasi ne in niyamon ka 'ramacharitamanas' men bahut achchha nirvah kiya hai aur unake chhand pravah ka saundary bhi yahi hai. chand, jayasi, sundar, soor, nandadas tatha jodharaj adi ne in niyamon men shithilata dikhalaee hai. kabhi-kabhi 15 matra ke charanon ka prayog milata hai aur kabhi laghuguru (.a) se ant kiya gaya hai. yadyapi 15 matra ka 'chaupee chhand' alag hai, parantu usake ant men g l (a.) avashyak hai. charan ke ant men l g (.a) ka prayog is chhand men svatntrata se milata hai. jayasi men aise anek chhand hain tatha nandadas ne apani tinon mnjariyon men aise bahut prayog kiye hain- "chale-chale tum jaiyo tahan. baithe hon sanvare jahan."[3]. inako chaupaee hi mana jayega, yadyapi 15 matra ke charan hain. sundar men 15 matra ke l g (.a) tatha g g (aa) donon prakar ke ant paye jate hain, jo chaupee ke g l (a.) se bhinn hain- "ye chaupaee trayodas kahi. atam sakshi janau sahi." [4] vastut: anek kaviyon men chaupaee tatha chaupee chhand ke prayog men bhram ki sthiti payi jati hai.

visheshata

hindi men yah chhand chandr ke kavy se hi milata hai. yah samanyat: varnanatmak hai, jisamen kisi bhi prakar ki sthiti a jati hai. sabhi rason ka nirvah isamen ho jata hai. katha-kavyon men is chhand ki lokapriyata ka mukhy karan yahi hai. virakavy ke kaviyon men keshav, jatamal, gorelal, soodan, gulab tatha jodharaj adi ne chaupaee ka prayog prasnganukool kiya hai, par premakhyanak kaviyon men kutuban, jayasi, usaman, nooramuhammad adi sabhi ne is chhand ko doha ke sath apanaya hai. soor ne 'soorasagar' ke kathatmak anshon ko jodane ke lie is chhand ka ashray liya hai. nandadas ne mnjariyon men prayog kiya hai. katha-kavy ke lie is chhand ki upayuktata ke karan krishn-katha bhi is shaili men kee kaviyon ne likhi hai. adhunik kal men dvarakaprasad mishr ne 'krishnayan' men isaka prayog kiya hai. lal kavi ka 'chhatr-prakash' isi shaili men hai. sant kaviyon men sundaradas ne bhi granthon ki rachana doha-chaupaee-shaili men ki hai.[5]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. chhand prabhakar, prishth 49
  2. bhanu ke chhand prabhakar se
  3. virahamnjari, pn. 5
  4. atmabhed
  5. udaharan-'sarvangayog', 'pnchandriyacharitr'

dhirendr, varma “bhag- 1 par adharit”, hindi sahity kosh (hindi), 248.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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