चंदबरदाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chndabaradaee
chndabaradaee
poora nam chndabaradaee
janm snvath 1205
janm bhoomi lahaur
mrityu snvath 1249
mukhy rachanaen prithviraj raso
bhasha brajabhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari chndabaradaee dilli ke antim hindoo samrat, maharaja prithviraj ke samnt aur rajakavi ke roop men prasiddh hain.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

chndabaradaee (angrezi: Chand Bardai, janm: 1205 snvath - mrityu: 1249 snvath) bharat ke antim hindoo samrat prithviraj chauhan ke mitr, sakha tatha rajakavi aur hindi ke adi mahakavi the. chndabaradaee ko hindi ka pahala kavi aur unaki rachana prithviraj raso ko hindi ki pahali rachana hone ka samman prapt hai.

jivan parichay

chndabaradaee ka janm lahaur men hua tha aur ye jati ke rav ya bhat the. chndavaradaee ka prasiddh grnth "prithvirajaraso" hai. isaki bhasha ko bhasha-shastriyon ne pingal kaha hai, jo rajasthan men brajabhasha ka paryay hai. isalie chndavaradaee ko brajabhasha hindi ka pratham mahakavi mana jata hai. 'raso' ki rachana maharaj prithviraj ke yuddh-varnan ke lie huee hai. isamen unake viratapoorn yuddhon aur prem-prasngon ka kathan hai. at: isamen vir aur shrringar do hi ras hai. chndabaradaee ne is grnth ki rachana pratyakshadarshi ki bhanti ki hai ant: isaka rachana kal sn. 1220 se 1250 tak hona chahie. vidvanh 'raso' ko 16vin athava usake bad ki kisi shati ka apramanik grnth manate hain. anand vikram snvat bharat men prachalit anek snvaton men se ek hai. isaka prayog prithviraj raso ke kavi chandabaradaee ne, jo musalamanon ke akraman (1192 ee.) ke samay dilli naresh prithviraj chauhan ka raj kavi tha, kiya hai.

hindi ke pratham mahakavi

achary ramachandr shukl ne 'hindi sahity ka itihas' men likha hai- chndabaradaee (snvath 1225-1249), ye hindi ke pratham mahakavi mane jate hain aur inaka prithviraj raso hindi ka pratham mahakavy hai. chndabaradaee dilli ke antim hindoo samrat, maharaja prithviraj ke samnt aur rajakavi ke roop men prasiddh hain. isase inake nam men bhavuk hinduon ke lie ek vishesh prakar ka akarshan hai. raso ke anusar ye bhatt jati ke jagat namak gotr ke the. inake poorvajon ki bhoomi pnjab thi, jahan lahaur men inaka janm hua tha. inaka aur maharaj prithviraj ka janm ek hi din hua tha aur donon ne ek hi din yah snsar bhi chhoda tha. ye maharaj prithviraj ke rajakavi hi nahin, unake sakha aur samnt bhi the tatha shadbhasha, vyakaran, kavy, sahity, chhnd shastr, jyotish, puran, natak adi anek vidyaon men parngat the. inhen jalndhari devi ka isht tha jisaki kripa se ye adrisht kavy bhi kar sakate the. inaka jivan prithviraj ke jivan ke sath aisa mila-jula tha ki alag nahin kiya ja sakata. yuddh men, akhet men, sabha men, yatra men sada maharaj ke sath rahate the aur jahan jo baten hoti thin, sab men sammilit rahate the.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani

  1. hindi sahity ka itihas, viragatha kal (snvath 1050 - 1375) adhyay 3, lekhak - ramachandr shukl

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