तुलसी साहिब  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tulasi sahib
tulasi sahib
poora nam tulasi sahib
janm 1763 ee.
mrityu 1843 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'ghataramayan', 'shabdavali', 'ratnasagar', 'padyasagar' (apoorn) adi.
prasiddhi 'sahib pnth' ke pravartak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari yah mana jata hai ki tulasi sahib 12 varsh ki avastha men hi ghar se virakt hokar nikal pade the aur hatharas, uttar pradesh men akar rahane lage the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

tulasi sahib 'sahib pnth' ke pravartak the. kaha jata hai ki ye maratha saradar raghunath rav ke jyeshth putr aur bajirav dvitiy ke bade bhaee the. kafi kam ayu men hi inhonne ghar tyag diya tha. tulasi sahab ne hridayasth 'knj guru' ya 'padmaguru' ko hi apana path-nirdeshak mana hai. 'ghataramayan', 'shabdavali', 'ratnasagar' aur 'padyasagar' (apoorn) inaki prasiddh kritiyan hain.

parichay

'shabdavali' ke (bhag 1), sampadak ne tulasi sahib ka janm san 1763 ee. aur mrityu san 1843 ee. men mana hai. yah bhi mana gaya hai ki ye raghunatharav ke jyeshth putr the aur bajirav dvitiy inake chhote bhrata the. inaka ghar ka nam 'shyam rav' tha. kintu itihas is anushruti ka samarthan nahin karata. itihas grnthon ke anusar raghunatharav ke jyeshth putr ka nam amritarav tha.[1]

grih tyag

aisa prasiddh hai ki 12 varsh ki avastha men hi tulasi sahib ghar se virakt hokar nikal pade the aur hatharas, uttar pradesh men akar rahane lage the. kshiti baboo ke anusar pahale ye ' avapnth' men dikshit hue the aur bad ko sntamat men aye; kintu aisa manane ko koee aitihasik adhar nahin hai.

path nirdeshak

tulasi sahab ne hridayasth 'knj guru' ya 'padmaguru' ko hi apana path-nirdeshak mana hai. ise hi kahin-kahin inhonne 'mool snt' bhi kaha hai. is prakar ye kisi lok-purush ko apane guru roop men svikar nahin karate.

kritiyan

tulasi sahab ki prasiddh rachanaen is prakar hain-

  1. 'ghataramayan'
  2. 'shabdavali'
  3. 'ratnasagar'
  4. 'padyasagar' (apoorn)

uparokt sabhi rachanaen 'velavediyar pres', prayag (vartaman ilahabad) se prakashit ho chuki hain. pind-brahmand ki ekata, srishti-rahasy, gyan, yog, bhakti, vairagy, karmavad aur satsng-mahima inaki rachanaon ke pramukh vishay hain.[1]

tulasi sahab ne manomay jagath se sookshmatar adhyatmik bhoomiyon ki kalpana bhi ki hai aur sookshmatam bhoomi ko 'mahashoony', 'sattalok' ya 'agamapur' kaha hai. is prakar ki kalpanaen any paravarti snton men bhi payi jati hain. inhonne sntamat ko sampradayik bhavana se mukt karane ki cheshta ki hai, kintu aisa lagata hai ki inamen atm-mahattv-sthapana ki pravritti atyadhik sabal thi, isilie kahin-kahin paraspar-virodhi, asngat aur durooh kalpanaen karane men bhi inhen snkoch nahin hua. inamen kaushal, chaturata aur adambar adhik hai, snton ki sahajata kam. kavy-drishti se inaki rachanaen utkrisht nahin hain. adhyamik vishayon ki agrahapoorn abhivyakti ke karan inaki vani saras nahin ho saki.

vad-vivad

'ghat ramayan' ke anusar kashi men rahate hue inhen musalaman, jaini, gusaeen, pandit, snnyayi, kabirapnthi aur nanakapnthi sadhuon se adhyatmik prashnon par vad-vivad karana pada tha. inhonne apane ko poorv janm men gosvami tulasidas bataya hai aur apana jivan-vrittant bhi diya hai, jo tark-sammat nahin hai. badathval sahab is vrittant ko kshepak manate hain.[2][1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 2 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 236 |
  2. sahayak grnth- hindi kavy men nirgun sampraday : pitambaradatt badathval; uttari bharat ki snt parampara: parashuram chaturvedi; sntabani sngrah, pahila bhag, velavediyar pres, prayag; ghataramayan, belavediyar pres, prayag.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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