अयोध्या प्रसाद खत्री  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ayodhya prasad khatri
ayodhya prasad khatri
poora nam ayodhya prasad khatri
janm 1857 ee.
janm bhoomi sikndarapur, zila baliya (uttar pradesh)
mrityu 4 janavari, 1905
mrityu sthan mujaffarapur, bihar
abhibhavak jagajivan lal khatri
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr adhyapak, peshakar
mukhy rachanaen 'khadi boli ka pady' (1880)
bhasha hindi
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

ayodhya prasad khatri (angrezi: Ayodhya Prasad Khatri, janm: 1857 - mrityu: 4 janavari, 1905) hindi khadi boli ke arambhik prabal samarthak the. yah mujaffarapur (bihar) men kachahari men peshakar the.

jivan parichay

ayodhya prasad khatri ka janm 1857 ee. men sikndarapur, zila baliya (uttar pradesh) men hua tha. uttar pradesh 1857 ke sipahi vidroh ke karan angrezon ke julm ka zyada shikar hua, jisake karan inake pita shri jagajivan lal khatri apane ganv sikndarapur se any parivaron ki tarah visthapit hokar mujaffarapur (bihar) akar bas ge aur jivan vyatit karane ke lie kalyani men kitabon ki dukan khol li. ayodhya prasad khatri ke pita ne bachapan se hi inako sooradas, tulasi ke dohe sunae aur inaki mata ne inako gita knthasth kara di.

shiksha

ayodhya prasad khatri ko padhane ke lie ghar par hi maulavi ane lage, phir inaka dakhila mujaffarapur ke zila skool men karaya gaya. khatri ji jab intres men padh rahe the to inake pita ka dehant ho gaya.

karyakshetr

khatri ji ko pita ke dehant ke bad apani padhaee bich men hi chhodakar dukan snbhalani padi, kintu is vyavasay men unaka man n rama aur ve kudhani mainar skool ke shikshak ho ge. apane skool men hindi ki pathy-pustakon ka abhav dekh unhen sabase pahale hindi vyakaran ki rachana ki tatha skool ki naukari tyagakar mujaffarapur men angrezon ko hindi padhane lage. ek angrez adhikari ne unase prabhavit hokar unhen lipik ke pad par bahal kar liya, jahan ve jald hi apani pratibha ke bal par kalaiktar ke peshakar ho ge jis par yah jivanaparynt karyarat rahe. isi pad par rahate hue khatri ji ne khadi boli hindi ke lie apana sarvasv hom kiya.

khadi boli ka andolan

bharatendu yug se hindi-sahity men adhunikata ki shurooat huee. us daur ke rachanakaron ko adhunikata ki shurooat karane ka shrey diya jata hai, jo vajib hai. isi daur men bade paimane par bhasha aur vishay-vastu men badalav aya. khadi boli hindi gady ki bhasha bani. achary ramachndr shukl sahit sabhi itihasakar-alochakon ne vishay-vastu ke sath-sath bhasha ke roop men khadi boli hindi ke chalan ko adhunikata ka niyamak mana hai. gauratalab hai ki itihas ke us kalakhnd men, jise ham bharatendu yug ke nam se janate hain, khadi boli hindi gady ki bhasha ban gee lekin pady ki bhasha ke roop men brajabhasha ka bolabala qayam raha. itana hi nahin, kavitaon ka vishay bhakti aur ritikalin raha. is lihaj se, kavita madhyakalin bhav-bodh tak simit rahi.[1]

'khadi-boli ka pady'

ayodhya prasad khatri ne gady aur pady ki bhasha ke alagav ko galat manate hue isaki ekaroopata par jor diya. pahali bar inhonne sahity jagath ka dhyan is mudde ki taraph khincha. sath hi ise andolan ka roop diya. isi kram men khatri ji ne 'khadi-boli ka pady` do khndon men chhapavaya. in donon kitabon ko tatkalin sahity-rasikon ke bich ni:shulk bntavaya. kabilegaur hai ki is kitab ke chhapane ke bad kavy-bhasha ka saval ek mahattvapoorn mudde ke roop men ubhara. hindi-sahity ke itihas men 'khadi boli ka pady` aisi pahali aur akeli kitab hai, jisaki vajah se itana adhik vad-vivad hua. is kitab ne kavy-bhasha ke snbndh men jo vichar prastavit kiya, us par qarib tin dashakon tak bahasen hoti rahin. is kitab ke jarie ek sahityik andolan ki shurooat huee. hindi kavita ki bhasha kya ho, brajabhasha athava khadiboli hindi? isake snpadak ne khadiboli hindi ka paksh lete hue brajabhasha ko kharij kiya. lihaja, is andolan ki vajah se paristhitiyan aisi badalin ki brajabhasha jaisi sahityik bhasha boli ban gayi aur khadi boli jaisi boli sahityik bhasha ke taur par sthapit ho gee. 'khadi boli ka pady` ke pahale bhag ki bhoomika men khatri ji ne khadi boli ko panch bhagon men banta-theth hindi, pndit ji ki hindi, munshi ji ki hindi, maulavi sahab ki hindi aur yooreshiyan hindi. unhonne munshi-hindi ko adarsh hindi mana. aisi hindi jisamen kathin snskritanishth shabd n hon. sath hi arabi-farasi ke kathin shabd bhi nahin hon. lekin amaphaham shabd chahe kisi bhasha ke hon, usase parahej n kiya gaya ho. prasngavash, isi munshi hindi ko mahatma gandhi sahit kee logon ne hindostani kaha hai.[1]

shaili

ye khadi boli pady ki char shailiyan manate the- maulavi, munshi, pndit aur adhyapak shailiyan. inhonne khadi boli ka pady (1880 ee., do bhag) men ukt shailiyon ki kavitaon ka snkalan kiya tha.

mrityu

ayodhya prasad khatri ji ka dehant 4 janavari, 1905 ee. ko mujaffarapur, bihar men hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 aur khadi boli ka andolan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jan vikalp (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 29 disambar, 2012.

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