नामवर सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

namavar sinh
namavar sinh
poora nam daau. namavar sinh
janm 1 mee, 1927
janm bhoomi varanasi, uttar pradesh
mrityu nidhan: 19 pharavari 2019
mrityu sthan nayi dilli
mukhy rachanaen adhunik sahity ki pravrittiyan, chhayavad, itihas aur alochana, kavita ke ne pratiman adi
bhasha hindi
shiksha em.e., pi.ech.di. (hindi)
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar (1971), shalaka samman” (1991) evn “sahity bhooshan samman" (1993)
nagarikata bharatiy
adyatan‎
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

namavar sinh (angrezi: Namvar Singh, janm: 1 mee, 1927, nidhan: 19 pharavari, 2019, nayi dilli) hindi ke prasiddh kavi aur pramukh samakalin alochak hain.

jivan parichay

namavar sinh ka janm 1 mee, 1927 ko varanasi zile ke jiyanapur namak ganv men hua. kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay se unhonne hindi men em.e. aur pi.ech di. ki upadhi li. 82 varsh ki umr poorn kar chuke namavar ji vigat 65 se bhi adhik varsho se sahity ke kshetr men hain. pichhale 30-35 varshon se ve bharat ke vibhinn kshetron men jakar vyakhyan bhi de rahe hain. jab ve ganv men the to brajabhasha men prayah shrringarik kavitaen likha karate the. ab unhonne khadi boli hindi men likhana shuroo kiya.

banaras nivasi

namavar sinh banaras ke eeshvar gngi muhalle men rahate the. 1940 ee. men unhonne 'navayuvak sahityik sngh', namak evn sahityik snstha apane sahayogi parasanath mishr sevak ke sath nirmit ki thi, jisamen har saptah ek sahityik goshthi hoti thi. 1944 ee. se namavar bhi isaki gngi muhalle men shamil hote the. thakur prasad sinh ne eeshvar gngi muhalle men 'bharatendu vidyalay' evn 'eeshvar gngi pustakalay' ki sthapana ki thi. 1947 ee.men unaki niyukti baladev intar kaaulej, bada़ganv men ho gee. navayuvak sahity sngh ki zimmedari unhonne namavar aur sevak ji ko de di. isaki goshthiyan takur prasad sinh ke bagair bhi barason chalati rahi. bad men isaka nam sirph 'sahityik sngh' ho gaya. isaki goshtiyon men banaras ke tatkalin prayah sabhi sahityakar upasthit hote the. namavar ke sath trilochan evn sahi ki isamen niyamit upasthiti hoti thi. namavar ki kavy-pratibha ke nirman men is snstha ka bhi apratim yogadan hai.

pahali kavita

namavar sinh ke skool ke chhatr –sngh se ek masik patrika nikalati thi- 'kshatriy mitr'. sarasvati prasad sinh usake snpadak the. age chalakar shambhoonath sinh usake snpadak hue. kuchh samay tak trilochan ne bhi usaka snpadan kiya tha. kavi namavar ki kavitane usamen chhapane lagi. pahali kavita 'divali' shirshak se chhapi. doosari kavita thi-'suman ro mat, chhed gana': trilochan ne padhane ki or, khasakar adhunik sahity, unhen prerit kiya. unaki hi prerana se unhonne pahali bar do pustaken kharidi. pahali nirala ki 'anamika',evn doosari ilachandr joshi drara anoodit gorki ki 'avara ki dayari'. banaras men sarasauli bhavan men sagar sinh namak ek sahityik vyakti rahate the. unake ghar par 'pragatishil lekhak sngh' ki ek goshthi huee thi, jisamen trilochan kavi namavar ko bhi le ge the yahin pahali bar shivadan sinh chauhan aur shamasher bahadur sinh se parichay ha. yah banaras ki pahali goshthi thi jisamen unhonne kavita-path kiya.

banaras men mile sahity ke snskar

kaha jata hai ki banaras apane ap men ek adbhut shahar hai- tarah-tarah ke mndir, gnga ke anek ghat, pnde, purohit aur pakhndi, patali-patali galiyan aur sanatan kal se apane pandity, shastriyata ke lie prasiddh log! banaras ke vishay men namavar sinh kahate hain ki kashi pnde-purohit aur dharmik logon ki hai, kintu usamen kabir aur tulasidas ki bhi upasthiti hai. usi kashi men premachnd, jayashnkar prasad hue, isalie hamen kabhi bhoolana nahin chahie ki kashi keval ek puratanapnthi shahar hi nahin hai, balki usake virodhi ladane vale vicharak bhi hue. usi kashi men saranath bhi hai aur vishvanath bhi hai. kashi men kvins kaaulej hai, jo kabhi angreziyat ka gadh tha aur gavarnament snskrit kaaulej hua karata tha, jisamen snskrit ke bade-bade vidvanh hua karate the, jise angrezon ne banaya tha aur vahin madanamohan malaviy ne kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay sthapit kiya. vahin baboo shivaprasad gupt aur adaraniy narendr dev ne kashi vidyapith sthapit kiya. us kashi men aya to ek or nagari pracharini sabha aur doosari or pragatishil lekhak sngh tha. usi kashi men premachnd ka ‘hns’ nikalata tha, jo tab pragatishil lekhak sngh ka mukh patr tha. us kashi men jahan ek or bharat dharm mndal tha, vahan kamyunist parti ka daphtar bhi tha. vahin kangres ka daphtar tha, vahin kangres soshalist parti ka bhi daphtar tha. to kashi ke kee roop hain.

vyaktitv

namavar ke vyaktitv ke vikas men kashi ki parnpara aur parivesh ki aham bhoomika hai. kashi unake snskar men racha-basa hai. lekin unake nirman men avajapur ki sahityik mndali ke bad banaras ke hivet kshatriy skool ke parivesh ki mahatvapoorn bhoomika thi, jahan ek se ek tape-tapae shikshak the. us skool ke prachary pahale angrez hua karate the, pahale bharatiy prachary jagadish prasad sinh the, jinhen log je.pi. sinh kaha karate the. ve sent jons kaaulej, agara ke padhe the aur angrezi padhate the. us samay banaras men logon ki yah dharana thi ki banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay ke kulapati radhakrishnan sabase achchhi angreji bolate hain aur doosare je.pi. sinh. unaka angrezi kavita padhane ka prabhavashali dhng tha. namavar kahate hain- ‘ve kavita bahut achchhi tarah padhate the. ‘goldan trejari’ padhaee thi. ve is kadar padhate the ki kavita yad to ho hi jati thi, yah bhi ki kavita ko kis tarah padhana chahie. risait kaise karana chahie, eprishiet kaise karana chahie. samajhana kaise chahie.'

khadi boli ka savaiya

‘tan ke sota raha jal chadar, vayu-sa khinch jaga gaya koee.’ main jab use padhata tha to ve sath-sath use gate the. bade sahriday the. sngit ke marmgy the. gate achchha the klasikal. to ek unaki chhap padi. unaki yadadasht adbhut thi. jisaka nam vo ek bar sun lete the, yad rahata tha. skool ke hajar-barah sau vidyarthi aur sabake nam unhen yad the. kisi ko dekh lete to nam se bulate. ek bar ki ghatana hai. kuchh vidyarthi chhipakar sinema dekhane ge the aur der se laute the. chhah baje sham ke bad ae. sardiyon ke din the. dhundhalaka ho chuka tha. tange par se utarakar jaise hi andar ghuse ki prinsipal sahab chhadi uthakar samane the. toka. barahon vidyarthiyon ko khada kar diya. ne ladake the. sabaka nam poochha aur sabako jane diya. agale din jis kram se ve khade the, usi kram se notis unako pahunch gaya aur unhen usi kram se prinsipal room men bulaya gaya. to adbhut smaranashakti thi. avaz goonjati thi.’ hivet kshatriy skool, intar men uday pratap kaaulej ke nam se jana jata tha. pahale vahan intar tak ki padhaee hoti thi. ab to vah pi.ji. kaaulej ho gaya hai. namavar sinh ne 1941 se 1947 tak vahan padhaee ki. je.pi. sinh ke karan skool men kada anushasan tha. ek se ek shikshak the. subah pi.ti. se lekar sham tak ke har ghnte ka hisab tha. padhane ka, khelane ka nirdharit samay tha. saptahik sanskritik-sahityik karyakram hote the.

banaras men nirala ka abhinndan

1947 ee. men unhonne barahavin ki pariksha pas ki. isi varsh banaras men nirala ka abhinndan kiya gaya tha. samaroh ka ayojan nandadulare vajapeyi ne kiya tha. is ayojan men kee yuva kaviyon ne kavy-path kiya tha. nirala ke hathon namavar sinh ko sau rupe ka puraskar bhi mila tha. is avasar par nirala ne apani prasiddh kavita ‘ram ki shaktipooja’ ka path bhi kiya tha. isi varsh ilahabad men pragatishil lekhak sngh ka sammelan bhi hua tha, jisamen pahali bar rahul sankrityayan se bhent huee. unhonne samaroh ki adhyakshata ki thi. agyey, sajjad jahir, nemichandr jain, prabhakar machave adi ne isamen bhag liya tha. yashapal ne ‘shekhar : ek jivani’ ki kadi alochana karate hue ek lekh padha tha.

banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men pravesh

namavar sinh ne banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men bi.e. men pravesh kiya to rahane ke lie vishvavidyalay ke pas hi snkatamochan ke ilake men sthit ek chhatravas men a ge. trilochan ji tab lnka mohalle ke akanoo bhavan men rahate the. pray: roj subah gnga-snan trilochan ke sath hota. ve is kram men batate hain- akshar-snan ke sath-sath gnga-snan bhi roj hi hota tha. 1947 se 1951 tak roj gnga-snan karata tha. yah kram barasat men bhi chalata tha. balki barasat men jo chikani mitti ghuli rahati, badan par kuchh malana nahin padata. unako laharon se hod karane men annd ata tha. gnga ki chikani mitti se badhiya sabun aj tak nahin bana. ham paidal bhi khoob chalate the. ikke-ghode par chalana ayyashi-si lagati. tairane aur chalane men trilochan ji ka sath rahata. ek bar ki bat hai. trilochan ne namavar se kaha- mainne to banaras ki badh aee gnga tairakar par ki hai, chalo, phir par karate hain. ve donon tairane lage. thodi door jane ke bad trilochan ne kaha- chhodo, laut chalo. par namavar age badh ge. adhi nadi par karane ke bad banhen bhari aur thaki huee lagane lagin. age badhane ki himmat javab dene lagi. us samay lagane laga ki bachapan men to doobane se bach gaya tha, lekin aj to doob hi jaoonga. koee bachane vala bhi nahin tha. door-door tak koee nav bhi nahin dikhaee de rahi thi. lekin phir himmat jutaee aur keval apane ko bachaya hi nahin, gnga bhi par ki. shayad yah isalie kar sake ki tairane ka lagatar abhyas tha.

yogadan

banaras men namavar ki abhinnata thakur prasad sinh se thi. ve vyaktitv ke taral aur saral adami the. ve banaras ke eeshvaragngi muhalle men rahate the. 1940 ee. men unhonne ‘navayuvak sahityik sngh’ namak evn sahityik snstha apane sahayogi parasanath mishr ‘sevak’ ke sath nirmit ki thi, jisamen har saptah ek sahityik goshthi hoti thi. 1944 ee. se namavar bhi isaki goshthiyon men shamil hote the. thakur prasad sinh ne eeshvaragngi muhalle men bharatendu vidyalay evn ‘eeshvaragngi pustakalay’ ki sthapana ki thi. 1947 ee. men unaki niyukti baladev intar kaaulej, badaganv men ho gee. ‘navayuvak sahity sngh’ ki jimmevari unhonne namavar aur sevak ji ko de di. isaki goshthiyan thakur prasad sinh ke bagair bhi barason chalati rahin. bad men isaka nam sirph sahityik sngh ho gaya. isaki goshthiyon men banaras ke tatkalin pray: sabhi sahityakar upasthit hote the. namavar ke sath trilochan evn vijayadev narayan sahi ki isamen niyamit upasthiti hoti thi. namavar ki kavy-pratibha ke nirman men is snstha ka bhi apratim yogadan hai.[1]

karyakshetr

adhyapan

namavar sinh ne adhyapan kary ka arambh kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay (1953-1959) kiya aur phir 'jodhapur vishvavidyalay' men hindi vibhag ke prophesar aur adhyaksh (1970-74), 'agara vishvavidyalay' ke k.mu. hindi vidyapith ke prophesar nideshak (1974), javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay, dilli men 'bharatiy bhasha kendr' ke snsthapak adhyaksh tatha hindi prophesar (1965-92) aur ab usi vishvavidyalay men prophesar imerits hain. namavar sinh mahatma gandhi antarrashtriy hindi vishvavidyalay ke kuladhipati bhi rahe.

sampadan
  • “alochana” traimasik ke pradhan sampadak.
  • “janayug” saptahik (1965-67) aur “alochana” ka sampadan (1967-91)
  • 2000 se pun: alochana ka sampadan .
  • 1992 se raja ramamohan ray pustakalay pratishthan ke adhyaksh
sampadit grnth
  1. kahani:nee kahani,
  2. kavita ke naye pratiman
  3. doosari parampara ki khoj
  4. vad vivad samvad
  5. kahana n hoga

kritiyan

  • 1996 bakalam khud
  • hindi ke vikas men apabhrnsh ka yog
  • prithviraj raso ki bhasha,
  • adhunik sahity ki pravrittiyan,
  • chhayavad, itihas aur alochana .

nidhan

hindi ke jane mane sahityakar namavar sinh ka 19 pharavari 2019 ki ratri men nayi dilli sthit ems men nidhan ho gaya. vah 93 sal ke the. vah kaphi samay se bimar chal rahe the aur akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan (ems) men bharti the.

samman aur puraskar


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. banaras men mile sahity ke snskar (hindi) hindustan laiv. abhigaman tithi: 31 janavari, 2015.

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah