सरहपा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

siddh sarahapa athavin shati ke dauran hindi ke pratham kavi mane jate hain. unake janm-sthan ko lekar vivad hai. ek tibbati janashruti ke adhar par unaka janm-sthan udisa bataya gaya hai. ek janashruti saharasa zile ke pnchagachhiya gram ko bhi unaka janm-sthan batati hai. mahapndit rahul sankrityayan ne unaka nivas sthan nalnda aur prachy desh ki ragyinagari donon hi bataya hai. unhonne dohakosh men ragyinagari ke bhngal (bhagalapur) ya pundravadrdhan pradesh men hone ka anuman kiya hai. atah sarahapa ko kosi anchal ka kavi mana ja sakata hai. sarahapa ka chaurasi siddhon ki prachalit talika men chhatha sthan hai. unaka mool nam ‘rahulabhadr’ tha aur unake ‘sarojavajr’, ‘sharoruhavajr’, ‘padm’ tatha ‘padmavajr’ nam bhi milate hain. ve palashasak dharmapal (770-810 ee.) ke samakalin the. unako bauddh dharm ki vajrayan aur sahajayan shakha ka pravartak tatha adi siddh mana jata hai. ve brahmanavadi vaidik vicharadhara ke virodhi aur vishamatamoolak samaj ki jagah sahaj manaviy vyavastha ke pakshadhar the. unaki shiksha nalnda-vihar men huee thi tatha adhyayan ke uparant ve vahin pradhan purohit ke roop men niyukt hue. avakash-prapti ke bad shriparvat, guntoor (andhr pradesh) ko unhonne apana karyakshetr banaya. inako bauddh dharm ki vajrayan aur sahajayan shakha ka pravartak mana jata hai. aisi manyata hai ki ve pal vnsh ke raja dharmapal (sanh 770 se 810 eesvi) ke samakalin the. is adhar par inaka samay athavin evn nauvin shatabdi thaharata hai.

pramukh kritiyan

tibbati grnth stanh-gyur men sarahapa ki 21 kritiyan sngrahit hain. inamen se 16 kritiyan apabhrnsh ya purani hindi men hain, jinake anuvad bhot bhasha men milate hain :

  1. doha kosh-giti
  2. dohakosh nam charyagiti
  3. dohakoshopadesh giti
  4. doha nam
  5. dohatippan
  6. kayakoshamritavajragiti
  7. vakkosharuchirasvaravajragiti
  8. chittakoshajavajragiti
  9. kayavakchittamanasikar
  10. dohakosh mahamudropadesh
  11. dvadashopadeshagatha
  12. svadhishthanakram
  13. tattvopadeshashikharadohagitika
  14. bhavanadrishticharyaphaladohagiti
  15. vasnt- tilakadohakoshagitika tatha
  16. mahamudropadeshavajraguhyagiti.

ukt kritiyon men sarvadhik prasiddhi dohakosh ko hi mili hai. any panch kritiyan unaki snskrit rachanaen hain-

  1. buddhakapalatntrapnjika
  2. buddhakapalasadhan
  3. buddhakapalamndalavidhi
  4. trailokyavashnkaralokeshvarasadhan evn
  5. trailokyavashnkaravalokiteshvarasadhan.

rahul sankrityayan ne inhen sarah ki prarnbhik rachanaen mana hai, jinamen se chauthi kriti ke do aur anshon ke bhinn anuvadakon dvara kie ge anuvad stanh-gyur men shamil hain, jinhen svatntr kritiyan manakar rahul ji sarah ki sat snskrit kritiyon ka ullekh karate hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sarahapa / parichay (hindi) kavitakosh. abhigaman tithi: 11 apral, 2014.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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