सुब्रह्मण्य भारती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

subrahmany bharati
subrahmany bharati
poora nam subrahmany bharati
any nam mahakavi bharatiyar
janm 11 disambar, 1882
janm bhoomi ganv ettiyapuram, tamilanadu
mrityu 11 sitambar, 1921
mrityu sthan chennee
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr tamil kavy
mukhy rachanaen 'svadesh mitram', 'chakravartini', 'indiya', 'sooryodayam', 'karmayogi' adi.
bhasha tamil
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh subrahmany bharati ka priy gan bnkim chandr ka vande mataramh tha. yah gan unaka jivan pran ban gaya tha. unhonne is git ka usi lay men tamil men padyanuvad kiya, jo age chalakar tamilanadu ke ghar-ghar men goonj utha.
any janakari subrahmany bharati ne mata-pita ko khone ke du:kh ko apane kavy men dhal liya. isase unaki khyati charon or phail gayi. sthaniy samant ke darabar men unaka samman hua aur unhen ‘bharati’ ki upadhi di gayi.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

subrahmany bharati (angrezi: Subramania Bharati, janm: 11 disambar, 1882 - mrityu: 11 sitambar, 1921) bharat ke mahanh kaviyon men se ek the, jinhonne tamil bhasha men kavy rachanaen kin. inhen mahakavi bharatiyar ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. bharati ek jujharoo shikshak, deshapremi aur mahanh kavi the. apaki desh prem ki kavitaen itani shreshth hain ki apako bharati upanam se hi pukara jane laga. tamil bhasha ke mahakavi subramanyam bharati aise sahityakar the, jo sakriy roop se 'svatntrata andolan' men shamil rahe, jabaki unaki rachanaon se prerit hokar dakshin bharat men am log azadi ki ladaee men kood pade. ye aise mahanh kaviyon men se ek the, jinaki pakad hindi, bngali, snskrit, angrezi adi kee bhashaon par thi, par tamil unake lie sabase priy aur mithi bhasha thi. unaka 'gady' aur 'pady' donon vidhaon par saman adhikar tha.

parichay

subrahmany bharati ka janm 11 disnbar, 1882 ko ek tamil ganv ettiyapuram, tamilanadu men hua tha. shuroo se hi vah vilakshan pratibha ke dhani the aur kam samay men hi unhonne sngit ka bhi achchha gyan prapt kar liya tha. 11 varsh ki ayu men unhen kaviyon ke ek sammelan men amntrit kiya gaya, jahan unaki pratibha ko dekhate hue bharati ko gyan ki devi sarasvati ka khitab diya gaya tha. bharati jab panch varsh ke hi the, tabhi unaki mata ka nidhan ho gaya. bad men pita ka nidhan bhi jaldi ho gaya. 11 varsh ki hi alp avastha men unaka vivah kar diya gaya. vah kam umr men hi varanasi apani bua ke pas a ge the, jahan unaka parichay adhyatm aur rashtravad se hua. isaka unake jivan par kafi prabhav pada aur unaki soch men kafi badalav a gaya.

kashi pravas

char sal ke kashivas men bharati ne snskrit, hindi aur angrezi bhasha ka adhyayan kiya. angrezi bhasha ke kavi 'sheli' se ve vishesh prabhavit the. unhonne ettayapuramh men ‘sheliyan gild’ namak snstha bhi banaee tatha ‘shelidasanh’ upanam se anek rachanaen likhin. kashi men hi unhen rashtriy chetana ki shiksha mili, jo age chalakar unake kavy ka mukhy svar ban gayi. kashi men unaka sampark bharatendu harishchandr dvara nirmit ‘harishchandr mandal’ se raha. kashi men unhonne kuchh samay ek vidyalay men adhyapan kiya. vahan unaka sampark shrimati da. eni besent se hua, par ve unake vicharon se poornatah sahamat nahin the. ek bar unhonne apane avas 'shaiv math' men mahapandit sitaram shastri ki adhyakshata men sarasvati pooja ka ayojan kiya. bharati ne apane bhashan men nari shiksha, samaj sudhar, videshi vastuon ka bahishkar aur svabhasha ki unnati par zor diya. adhyaksh mahoday ne isaka prativad kiya. phalatah bahas hone lagi aur antatah sabha visarjit karani padi.

patrakarita

bad men bharati ne gyan ke mahatv ko samajha aur patrakarita ke kshetr men uanaki atyadhik ruchi rahi. is samay vah kee samachar patron ke prakashan aur snpadan se jud gaye. in samachar patron men tamil dainik 'svadesh mitram', tamil saptahik 'indiya' aur angezi saptahik 'bala bharatam' shamil hai. unhonne apane samachar patron men vyngyatmak rajanitik kartoon ka prakashan shuroo kiya tha.

rachana snsar

in patron se n sirph vah logon ko apekshit gyan dilane men saphal rahe balki unaki rachanaon ka bhi prakashan hua. usi samay unaki rachanadharmita charam par thi. unaki rachanaon men ek or jahan goodh dharmik baten hoti thi vahin roos aur phrans ki kranti tak ki janakari hoti thi. vah samaj ke vnchit varg aur nirdhan logon ki behatari ke lie prayasarat rahate the.

rajaniti aur sngit

bharati 1907 ki aitihasik soorat kangres men shamil hue the jisane naram dal aur garam dal ke bich ki tasvir spasht kar di thi. bharati ne tilak aravind tatha any netaon ke garam dal ka samarthan kiya tha. isake bad vah poori tarah se lekhan aur rajanitik gatividhiyon men shamil ho ge. varsh 1908 men indiya ke malik ko madras men giraphtar kar liya gaya aur unaki giraftari bhi ki jani thi. giraftari se bachane ke lie vah pandicheri chale ge jo un dinon phransisi shasan men tha. bharati pandicheri men bhi kee samachar patron ke prakashan snpadan se jude rahe aur angrejon ke khilaf logon men deshabhakti ki alakh jagate rahe. pandicheri men pravas ke dinon men vah garam dal ke kee pramukh netaon ke snpark men rahe. vahan unhonne karmayogi tatha arya ke snpadan men aravind ki sahayata bhi ki thi. unhonne sngit ke kshetr men bhi kafi kam kiya. unake kuchh git abhi bhi karnataki sngit kansart men behad lokapriy hain. [1] angrej shasan ke viruddh svarajy sabha ke ayojan ke lie bharati ko jel jana pada. kolakata jakar unhonne bam banana, pistaul chalana aur gurilla yuddh ka bhi prashikshan liya. ve garam dal ke neta lokamany tilak ke sampark men bhi rahe. bharati ne nanasahab peshava ko madras men chhipakar rakha. shasan ki najar se bachane ke lie ve pandicheri a gaye aur vahan se svarajy sadhana karate rahe. nirdhan chhatron ko ve apani ay se sahayog karate the. 1917 men ve gandhi ji ke sampark men aye aur 1920 ke asahayog andolan men bhi sahabhagi hue.[2]

svami vivekannd ka prabhav

dakshin ke suprasiddh kavi shri subrahmany bharati ji ki prarnbhik kavitaon men tamil rashtravad ka ullekh milata hai, kintu svami vivekannd ke prabhav men ane ke bad unaki jivan ke uttarardh men likhi kavitayen bharatiy hindoo rashtravad ka gunagan karati hain. unhonne apani atmakatha men svikar kiya ki yah parivartan unaki guru bhagini nivedita aur svamiji ke karan utpann hua. deshabhakti se otaprot svamiji ke bhashanon dvara paida ki gee vicharon ki chingari ka asar vir savarakar tatha lokamany bal gngadhar tilak jaise rashtrabhakton par bhi dikhaee deta hai. [3]

bharati ki upadhi

subrahmany bharati ne mata pita ko khone ke du:kh ko apane kavy men dhal liya. isase unaki khyati charon or phail gayi. sthaniy samant ke darabar men unaka samman hua aur unhen ‘bharati’ ki upadhi di gayi.

priy gana

bharati ka priy gan bnkim chandr ka 'vande mataramh' tha. 1905 men kashi men hue 'kangres adhiveshan' men suprasiddh gayika sarala devi ne yah git gaya. bharati bhi us adhiveshan men the. bas tabhi se yah gan unaka jivan pran ban gaya. madras lautakar bharati ne us git ka usi lay men tamil men padyanuvad kiya, jo age chalakar tamilanadu ke ghar-ghar men goonj utha.

rachanaen

subrahmany bharati ne jahan gady aur pady ki lagabhag 400 rachanaon ka srijan kiya, vahan unhonne 'svadesh mitram', 'chakravartini', 'indiya', 'sooryodayam', 'karmayogi' adi tamil patron tatha 'bal bharat' namak angrezi saptahik ke sampadan men bhi sahayog kiya.[4]

nidhan

bharati 1918 men british bharat men laute aur unhen turnt giraftar kar liya gaya. unhen kuchh dinon tak jel men rakha gaya. bad ke dinon men unaka svasthy kharab rahane laga aur 11 sitnbar, 1921 ko madras men unaka nidhan ho gaya. bharati 40 sal se bhi kam samay tak jivit rahe aur is alpavadhi men bhi unhonne vibhinn kshetron men kafi kam kiya. unaki rachanaon ki lokapriyata ne unhen amar bana diya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. subrahmany bharati (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 pharavari, 2014.
  2. tamil kavy men rashtravadi svar : subrahmany bharati (hindi) har din pavan. abhigaman tithi: 6 pharavari, 2014.
  3. svadhinata andolan aur svami vivekannd (hindi) vichar mnthan. abhigaman tithi: 6 pharavari, 2014.
  4. tamil kavy men rashtravadi svar : subrahmany bharati (hindi) har din pavan. abhigaman tithi: 6 pharavari, 2014.

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