वीर सावरकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vir savarakar
Vinayak-Damodar-Savarkar.jpg
poora nam vinayak damodar savarakar
any nam vir savarakar
janm 28 mee, 1883
janm bhoomi bhagoor ganv, nasik, bharat
mrityu 26 faravari, 1966
mrityu sthan mumbee, bharat
abhibhavak damodar savarakar aur radhabaee savarakar
pati/patni yamunabaee
sntan putr- prabhakar, vishvas savarakar, putri- prabhat chipaloonakar
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi hindutv
dharm hindoo
andolan bharatiy svatntrata andolan
jel yatra 1911 se 1921 tak (das varsh)
vidyalay shivaji haeeskool, nasik, fargyusan kaaulej, pune
shiksha snatak, vakalat
rajanitik parti akhil bharat hindoo mahasabha
rachanaen bharatiy svatntry yuddh, mera ajivan karavas, andaman ki pratidhvaniyan, hindutv, d indiyan vaaur aauf indipendens-1857

vinayak damodar savarakar (angrezi:Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, janm- 28 mee, 1883, bhagoor ganv, nasik; mrityu- 26 faravari, 1966, mumbee, bharat) n sirf ek krantikari the balki ek bhashavid, buddhivadi, kavi, apratim krantikari, dridh rajaneta, samarpit samaj sudharak, darshanik, drashta, mahanh kavi aur mahanh itihasakar aur ojasvi adi vakta bhi the. unake inhin gunon ne mahanatam logon ki shreni men uchch payadan par lakar khada kar diya.

janm

vir savarakar ka poora nam vinayak damodar savarakar tha. angrezi satta ke viruddh bharat ki svatntrata ke lie sngharsh karane vale vinayak damodar savarakar sadharanataya vir savarakar ke nam se vikhyat the. vir savarakar ka janm 28 mee 1883 ko nasik ke bhagoor ganv men hua. unake pita damodarapnt ganv ke pratishh‍thit vyaktiyon men jane jate the. jab vinayak nau sal ke the tabhi unaki mata radhabaee ka dehant ho gaya tha. vinayak damodar savarakar, 20vin shatabdi ke sabase bade hindoovadi the. unhen hindoo shabd se behad lagav tha. vah kahate the ki unhen svatantray vir ki jagah hindoo sngathak kaha jae. unhonne jivan bhar hindoo hindi hindustan ke lie kary kiya. vah akhil bharat hindoo mahasabha ke 6 bar rashtriy adhyaksh chune ge. 1937 men ve 'hindoo mahasabha' ke adhyaksh chune ge aur 1938 men hindoo mahasabha ko rajanitik dal ghoshit kiya tha. 1943 ke bad dadar, munbee men rahe. bad men ve nirdosh siddh hue aur unhonne rajaniti se sannyas le liya.

shiksha

vir savarakar ne shivaji haeeskool nasik se 1901 men maitrik ki pariksha pas ki. bachapan se hi ve padhakoo the. bachapan men unhonne kuchh kavitaen bhi likhi thin. fargyusan kaaulej pune men padhane ke dauran bhi ve rashtrabhakti se ot-prot ojasvi bhashan dete the. jab ve vilayat men qanoon ki shiksha prapt kar rahe the, tabhi 1910 ee. men ek hatyakand men sahayog dene ke roop men ek jahaz dvara bharat ravana kar diye gaye.

krantikari sngathan ki sthapana

1940 ee. men vir savarakar ne poona men ‘abhinav bharati’ namak ek aise krantikari sngathan ki sthapana ki, jisaka uddeshy avashyakata padane par bal-prayog dvara svatntrata prapt karana tha. azadi ke vaste kam karane ke lie unhonne ek gupt sosayati banaee thi, jo 'mitr mela' ke nam se jani gee.

Blockquote-open.gif savarakar ve pahale kavi the, jisane kalam-kagaz ke bina jel ki divaron par patthar ke tukadon se kavitayen likhin. kaha jata hai unhonne apani rachi das hazar se bhi adhik pnktiyon ko prachin vaidik sadhana ke anuroop varshonsmriti men surakshit rakha, jab tak vah kisi n kisi tarah deshavasiyon tak nahin pahuch gee. Blockquote-close.gif

savarakar ke sngharsh

1910 ee. men ek hatyakand men sahayog dene ke roop men vir savarakar ek jahaz dvara bharat ravana kar diye gaye. parantu frans ke marsaliz bandaragah ke samip jahaz se ve samudr men koodakar bhag nikale, kintu punah pakade gaye aur bharat laye gaye. bharat ki svatntrata ke lie kie ge sngharshon men vir savarakar ka nam behad mahattvapoorn raha hai. mahanh deshabhakt aur krantikari savarakar ne apana snpoorn jivan desh ke lie samarpit kar diya. apane rashtravadi vicharon se jahan savarakar desh ko svatntr karane ke lie nirantar sngharsh karate rahe vahin doosari or desh ki svatntrata ke bad bhi unaka jivan sngharshon se ghira raha.

jel yatra

ek vishesh nyayalay dvara unake abhiyog ki sunavaee huee aur unhen ajivan kalepani ki duhari saza mili. savarakar 1911 se 1921 tak andaman jel (selyoolar jel) men rahe. 1921 men ve svadesh laute aur phir 3 sal jel bhogi. 1937 ee. men unhen mukt kar diya gaya tha, parantu bharatiy rashtriy kangres ko unaka samarthan n prapt ho saka 1947 men inhonne bharat vibhajan ka virodh kiya. mahatma ramachandr vir (hindoo mahasabha ke neta evn sant) ne unaka samarthan kiya. aur 1948 ee. men mahatma gandhi ki hatya men unaka hath hone ka sndeh kiya gaya. itani mushqilon ke bad bhi ve jhuke nahin aur unaka deshaprem ka jazba barakarar raha aur adalat ko unhen tamam aropon se mukt kar bari karana pada.
matribhoomi! tere charanon men pahale hi main apana man arpit kar chuka hoon. desh seva men eeshvar seva hai, yah manakar mainne teri seva ke madhyam se bhagavan ki seva ki. vir savarakar

kuchh pramukh kary

  • savarakar bharat ke pahale vyakti the jinhonne british samrajy ke kendr lndan men usake viruddh krantikari andolan sngathit kiya tha.
  • savarakar bharat ke pahale vyakti the jinhonne sanh 1905 ke bng-bhng ke bad sanh 1906 men 'svadeshi' ka nara de, videshi kapadon ki holi jalaee thi.
  • savarakar bharat ke pahale vyakti the jinhen apane vicharon ke karan bairistar ki digri khoni padi.
  • savarakar pahale bharatiy the jinhonne poorn svatntrata ki mang ki.
  • savarakar bharat ke pahale vyakti the jinhonne sanh 1857 ki ladaee ko bharat ka 'svadhinata sngram' batate hue lagabhag ek hazar prishthon ka itihas 1907 men likha.
  • savarakar bharat ke pahale aur duniya ke ekamatr lekhak the jinaki kitab ko prakashit hone ke pahale hi british aur britishasamrajyaki sarakaron ne pratibndhit kar diya tha.
  • savarakar duniya ke pahale rajanitik kaidi the, jinaka mamala heg ke antarashtriy nyayalay men chala tha.
  • savarakar pahale bharatiy rajanitik kaidi the, jisane ek achhoot ko mndir ka pujari banaya tha.
  • savarakar ne hi vah pahala bharatiy jhnda banaya tha, jise jarmani men 1907 ki antarrashtriy soshalist kangres men maidam kama ne phaharaya tha.
  • savarakar ve pahale kavi the, jisane kalam-kagaz ke bina jel ki divaron par patthar ke tukadon se kavitayen likhin. kaha jata hai unhonne apani rachi das hazar se bhi adhik pnktiyon ko prachin vaidik sadhana ke anuroop varshonsmriti men surakshit rakha, jab tak vah kisi n kisi tarah deshavasiyon tak nahin pahuch gee.
  • ve pratham krantikari the, jin par svatntr bharat ki sarakar ne jhootha mukadama chalaya aur bad men nirdosh sabit hone par maphi mangi.

grnthon ki rachana

  • unhonne anek grnthon ki rachana ki, jinamen ‘bharatiy svatntry yuddh’, mera ajivan karavas’ aur ‘andaman ki pratidhvaniyan’ (sabhi angrezi men) adhik prasiddh hain.
  • jel men 'hindutv' par shodh grnth likha.
  • 1909 men likhi pustak 'd indiyan vaaur aauf indipendens-1857' men savarakar ne is ladaee ko british sarakar ke khilaf azadi ki pahali ladaee ghoshit ki thi.

mrityu / samman

vir savarakar par bharat sarakar dvara jari dak-tikat
  • savarakar ek prakhyat samaj sudharak the. unaka dridh vishvas tha, ki samajik evn sarvajanik sudhar barabari ka mahattv rakhate hain v ek doosare ke poorak hain.
  • savarakar ji ki mrityu 26 faravari, 1966 men mumbee men huee thi.
  • 1966 men vir savarakar ke nidhan par bharat sarakar ne unake samman men ek dak tikat bhi jari kiya hai.
  • us samay hamare desh me rajanaitik asthirata prarnbh hone lagi thi tatha lalabahadur shastri ki mrityu ke uparant indira gandhi desh ki nayi pradhanamntri bani thin.
  • apane rajanaitik vidrohiyon ko javab dene ke liye hi vir savarakar ko yah samman diya gaya tha. ahinsa ke pujari ke roop men shayad yah hamara hi ekamatr desh bharat hi aisa ho sakata hai jahan rashtrapita ki hatya ke do aropi phansi ki saja payen aur ek ko rashtriy samman se navaja jay.
  • inake nam par hi port bleyar ke vimanakshetr ka nam vir savarakar antarrashtriy havaee adda rakha gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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