लक्ष्मी सहगल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lakshmi sahagal
lakshmi sahagal
poora nam kaiptan lakshmi sahagal
any nam lakshmi svaminathan (vivah se pahale)
janm 24 aktoobar, 1914
janm bhoomi madras (ab chennee)
mrityu 23 julaee, 2012
mrityu sthan kanapur
mrityu karan dil ka daura
abhibhavak pita- es. svaminathan aur mata- evi amukkutti (ammoo)
pati/patni karnal prem kumar sahagal
sntan do putriyan- subhashini ali aur anisa puri
nagarikata bharatiy
parti marksavadi kamyunist parti
pad svatntrata sngram senani
shiksha 1932 men vigyan men snatak, em.bi.bi.es., diploma in gainikolaauji
vidyalay madras medikal kalej
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi padm vibhooshan
adyatan‎

kaiptan lakshmi sahagal (angrezi: Lakshmi Sahgal, janm: 24 aktoobar, 1914, madras (ab chennee); mrityu: 23 julaee, 2012 kanapur) mahanh svatntrata senani aur azad hind fauj ki adhikari thin. ve azad hind sarakar men mahila mamalon ki mntri rahin. subhash chndr bos ke sath kndhe se kndha milakar sena men rahate hue lakshmi sahagal ne kee sarahaniy kam kiye. unako behad mushkil jimmedari saunpi gee thi. unake kndhon par jimmedari thi phauj men mahilaon ko bharti hone ke lie prerana dena aur unhen phauj men bharti karana. lakshmi sahagal ne is jimmedari ko bakhoobi anjam tak pahunchaya. jis jamane men auraton ka ghar se nikalana bhi jurm samajha jata tha, us samay unhonne 500 mahilaon ki ek fauj taiyar ki, jo eshiya me apane tarah ki pahali ving thi.

jivan parichay

bharat ki ajadi men aham bhoomika ada karane vale svatntrata sngram senani subhash chndr bos ki sahayogi rahin kaiptan lakshmi sahagal ka janm 24 aktoobar, 1914 ko madras (ab chennee) men hua tha. kaiptan lakshmi sahagal ka vivah se pahale nam lakshmi svaminathan tha. unake pita ka nam daau. es. svaminathan aur mata ka nam evi amukkutti (ammoo) tha. pita madras uchch nyayalay ke jane mane vakil the. unaki mata ammoo svaminathan ek samajasevi aur keral ke ek jane-mane svatntrata senani parivar se thin, jinhonne ajadi ke andolanon men badh-chadhakar hissa liya tha. yah ek tamil parnparavadi parivar tha. lakshmi sahagal shurooati dinon se hi bhavuk aur doosaron ki madad karane vali rahin. unaka kahana tha ki yah bat unhonne apani man se virasat men payi jo hamesha doosaron ki madad kiya karati thin.

shiksha aur arnbhik jivan

kaiph‍tan lakshmi padhaee men kushal thin. varsh 1930 men pita ke dehavasan ka sahasapoorvak samana karate hue 1932 men lakshmi ne vigyan men snatak pariksha pas ki. kaiptan daau. sahagal shuroo se hi bimar garibon ko ilaj ke liye pareshan dekhakar du:khi ho jati thin. isi ke maddenazar unhonne garibon ki seva ke liye chikitsa pesha chuna aur 1938 men madras medikal kaaulej se em.bi.bi.es. ki digri hasil ki. usake bad unhonne diploma in gainikolaauji bhi kiya aur agale varsh 1939 men vah mahila rog visheshgy banin. padhaee samapt karane ke do varsh bad lakshmi ko videsh jane ka avasar mila aur vah 1940 men singapur chali gayin. jahan unhonne garib bharatiyon aur mazadooron (maigrentas lebar) ke lie ek chikitsa shivir lagaya aur unaka ilaj kiya.

svatntrata sngram men yogadan

singapur men unhonne n keval bharat se ae apravasi mazadooron ke lie nishulk chikitsalay khola balki 'bharat svatntrata sngh' ki sakriy sadasya bhi banin. varsh 1942 men dvitiy vishv yuddh ke dauran jab angrezon ne singapur ko japaniyon ko samarpit kar diya tab unhonne ghayal yuddhabandiyon ke liye kafi kam kiya. usi samay british sena ke bahut se bharatiy sainikon ke man men apane desh ki svatntrata ke lie kam karane ka vichar uth raha tha.

netaji se mulakat

videsh men mazadooron ki halat aur unake oopar ho rahe julmon ko dekhakar unaka dil bhar aya. unhonne nishchay kiya ki vah apane desh ki ajadi ke lie kuchh karengi. lakshmi ke dil men ajadi ki alakh jag chuki thi isi dauran desh ki ajadi ki mashal lie neta ji subhash chandr bos 2 julaee 1943 ko singapur ae to daau. lakshh‍mi bhi unake vicharon se prabhavit hue bina nahin rah sakin aur antat: qarib ek ghnte ki mulakat ke bich lakshmi ne yah ichchha jata di ki vah unake sath bharat ki ajadi ki ladaee men utarana chahati hain. lakshmi ke bhitar azadi ka jazba dekhane ke bad netaji ne unake netritv men 'rani lakshmibaee rejiment' banane ki ghoshana kar di jisamen vah vir nariyan shamil ki gayin jo desh ke lie apani jan de sakati thin. 22 aktoobar, 1943 men daau. lakshmi ne rani jhansi rejiment men 'kaiptan' pad par karyabhar snbhala. apane sahas aur adbhut kary ki badaulat bad men unhen 'karnal' ka pad bhi mila, jo eshiya men kisi mahila ko pahali bar mila tha. lekin logon ne unhen 'kaiptan lakshmi' ke roop men hi yad rakha. daau. lakshmi asthaee 'azad hind sarakar' ki kaibinet men pahali mahila sadasy banin. vah 'azad hind phauj' ki adhikari tatha 'azad hind sarakar' men mahila mamalon ki mntri thin.

azad hind phauz men shamil

rashtravadi andolan se prabhavit lakshmi svaminathan daauktari peshe se nikalakar ajad hind phauz men shamil ho geen. ab lakshmi sirph daauktar hi nahin balki kaiptan lakshmi ke nam se bhi logon ke bich jani jane lagin. unake netritv men ajad hind phauj ki mahila bataliyan rani lakshmibaee rejiment men kee jagahon par angrejon se morcha liya aur angrejon ko bata diya ki desh ki nariyan choodiy़an to pahanati hain lekin samay ane par vah bandook bhi utha sakati hain aur unaka nishana purushon ki tulana men kam nahin hota.

taiyar ki 500 mahilaon ki fauj

subhash chndr bos ke sath kndhe se kndha milakar sena me rahate hue unhonne kee sarahaniy kam kiye. unako behad mushkil jimmedari saunpi gee thi. unake kndhon par jimmedari thi phauj men mahilaon ko bharti hone ke lie prerana dena aur unhen phauj men bharti karana. lakshmi ne is jimmedari ko bakhoobi anjam tak pahunchaya. jis jamane me auraton ka ghar se nikalana bhi jurm samajha jata tha us samay unhonne 500 mahilaon ki ek fauj taiyar ki jo eshiya me apane tarah ki pahali ving thi. lakshmi sahagal ne hamesha amiri garibi ka virodh kiya. vo hamesha sabhi ko ek saman najaron se dekhati. shayad yahi vajah thi ki subhash chndr bos ke alochak bhi unake murid ho ge. lakshmi sahagal hamesha se manati rahi hain ki vyakti ki kathani aur karani ek honi chahie. dvitiy vishv yuddh men japan ki har ke bad british senaon ne azad hind fauj ke sainikon ki bhi dharapakad shuroo ki to 4 march 1946 ko lakshmi sahagal bhi singapur men giraphtar kar li geen. unhen bharat laya gaya lekin ajadi ke lie teji se badh rahe dabav ke bich unhen riha kar diya gaya.

rajaniti men

pati ki maut ke bad kaiptan lakshmi kanapur akar rahane lagin aur bad men kaiptan sahagal sakriy rajaniti men bhi ayin. 1971 men vah marksavadi kamyunist parti/ makapa (kamyunist parti aauph indiya/ sipiaeeem) ki sadasyata grahan ki aur rajyasabha men parti ka pratinidhitv kiya. ve akhil bharatiy janavadi mahila samiti (aaul indiya demokretiks vomens esosieshan) ki snsthapak sadasyon men rahin. unhonne mahilaon ki samajik v arthik svatntrata ke lie kafi sngharsh kiya. svatntrata andolan men unake mahattvapoorn yogadan aur sngharsh ko dekhate hue unhen 1998 men bharat ke rashtrapati ke. ar. narayanan dvara padmavibhooshan samman se navaja gaya. varsh 2002 men 88 varsh ki ayu men unaki parti (vam dal) ke logon ke dabav men unhonne poorv rashtrapati epije abdul kalam ke khilaf rashtrapati pad ke lie chunav maidan men bhi utari lekin unhen har ka samana karana pada. lekin unaki pratishtha par koee anch nahin aee. ek lambe rajanitik jivan ko jine ke bad 1997 men vah kafi kamazor ho gayin. unake qaribi batate hain ki sharir se kamazor hone ke bad bhi kaiptan sahagal hamesha logon ki bhalaee ke bare men sochati thin tatha marijon ko dekhane ka prayas karati thin.

azad hind fauj men subhash chandr bos aur kaiptan lakshmi sahagal

vivah aur parivar

desh ajad hone hi vala tha ki lahaur ke karnal prem kumar sahagal se unake vivah ki bat chali aur unhonne hami bhar di. varsh 1947 men unaka vivah prem kumar ke sath ho gaya tatha vah kaiptan lakshmi se kaiptan lakshmi sahagal ho gayin. kaiptan sahagal ki do betiyan subhashini ali aur anisa puri hain. ek beti subhashini ne film nirmata mujaphphar ali se vivah kiya. subhashini ali 1989 men kanapur se marksavadi kamyunist parti ki sansad bhi rahin. subhashini ali ne kamyunist netri brinda karat ki film 'amoo' men abhinetri ka kiradar bhi nibhaya tha. daau. sahagal ke pautr aur subhashini ali aur muzaphphar ali ke putr shad ali film nirmata nirdeshak hain, jinhonne 'sathiya', 'bnti aur babali' ityadi charchit filmen banaee hain. prasiddh nrityangana mrinalini sarabhaee unaki sagi bahan hain.

samyavad ki samarthak

subhashini ke anusar kaiptan daau. sahagal kamyunist vichar dhara se zaroor judi thi aur hamesha samyavad ki bat karati thi, lekin vah kabhi bhi kamyunist parti ki taraph se rajy sabha ki sansad nahin chuni gayi, halanki vah kamyunist andolan se lagatar judi rahin. vah kabhi rajyasabha ki sansad bhi nahin rahi. aeeene men unaki sahayogi aur unaki dost qarib 92 varshiy svatntrata senani manavati ary ke anusar vah deshabhakti ka ek jita jagata namoona thin aur ham sabaki prerana aur margadarshak thin. vah samyavad ki samarthak thin aur desh men samyavad chahati thin. unaka sapana desh men samyavad lana tha aur sabhi ko saman adhikar dilana tha.

nidhan

kaiptan daauktar lakshmi sahagal ka nidhan 98 varsh ki ayu men 23 julaee 2012 ki subah 11:20 baje kanapur ke hailet aspatal men huee thin. unhen 19 julaee ko dil ka daura padऩe ke bad bharti karaya gaya tha, jahan unhen bad men bren haimarej hua. lekin do din bad hi vah koma men chali gayin. qarib panch dinon tak jindagi aur maut se joojhane ke bad akhirakar kaiptan sahagal apani antim jng har gayin. sh‍vatntrata senani, daaukh‍tar, sansad, samajasevi ke roop men yah desh unh‍hen sadaiv yad rakhega. pichhale kee salon se vah kanapur ke apane ghar men bimaron ka ilaj karati rahi thin. unaki ichchhanusar unaka mrit sharir kanapur medikal kaaulej ko dan kar diya gaya tha. at: unaki ichchha ke mutabik unaka antim snskar nahin hoga. jivan bhar garibon aur mazadooron ke lie sngharsh karati rahin lakshmi sahagal ki maut ke samay unaki putri subhashini ali unake sath hi thin.


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shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

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