गिरिजा देवी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

girija devi
girija devi
poora nam girija devi
janm 8 mee, 1929
janm bhoomi varanasi, uttar pradesh
mrityu 24 aktoobar, 2017 (ayu- 88 varsh)
mrityu sthan kolakata, pashchim bngal
abhibhavak ramadev ray
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shastriy gayan
shiksha sngit
puraskar-upadhi 'padm shri (1972), 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' (1977), 'padm bhooshan' (1989), 'rashtriy tanasen samman' (1996), padm vibhooshan (2016)
prasiddhi thumari gayika
vishesh yogadan 90 ke dashak men ap 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' se bhi judin aur anek chhatr-chhatraon ko prachin sngit parampara ki diksha di.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari unaki ek kajari "barasan lagi" bahut prasiddh huee thi. apane gayan men daksh hone ke karan hi girija devi ko 'thumari ki rani' bhi kaha jata hai.
adyatan‎

girija devi (angrezi: Girija Devi; janm: 8 mee, 1929, varanasi, uttar pradesh - mrityu: 24 aktoobar, 2017 kolakata, pashchim bngal) bharat ki prasiddh thumari gayika hain. unhen 'thumari ki rani' kaha jata hai. ve banaras gharane se sambandhit hain. gayaki ke kshetr men unake ullekhaniy yogadan ke lie unhen varsh 1972 men 'padmashri' aur varsh 1989 men 'padmabhooshan' se sammanit kiya gaya tha. girija devi 'sngit natak akadami' dvara bhi sammanit ki ja chuki hain.

janm tatha shiksha

girija devi ka janm 8 mee, 1929 ko kala aur snskriti ki prachin nagari varanasi (tatkalin banaras) men hua tha. unake pita ramadev ray ek zamindar the, jo ek sngit premi vyakti the. unhonne panch varsh ki ayu men hi girija devi ke lie sngit ki shiksha ki vyavastha kar di thi. girija devi ke prarambhik sngit guru pandit sarayoo prasad mishr the. nau varsh ki ayu men pandit shrichandr mishr se unhonne sngit ki vibhinn shailiyon ki shiksha prapt ki. is alp ayu men hi ek hindi film 'yad rahe' men girija ne abhinay bhi kiya tha.[1] girija devi ke guru pndit sarajoo prasad mishr 'shastriy sngit' ke moordhany gayak the. girija ji ki khanakati huee avaz jahan dusari gayikaon se unhen vishisht banati hai, vahin unaki thumari, kajari aur chaiti men banaras ka khas lahaza aur vishuddhata ka put unake gayan men vishesh akarshan paida karata hai.

pratham pradarshan

unaka vivah 1946 men ek vyavasayi parivar men hua tha. un dinon kulin vivahita striyon dvara mnch pradarshan achchha nahin mana jata tha. 1949 men girija devi ne apana pahala pradarshan ilahabad ke akashavani kendr se kiya. yah desh ki svatntrata ke tatkal bad ka unmukt parivesh tha, jisamen anek roodhiyan tooti thin. sngit ke kshetr men pandit vishnu narayan bhatakhnde aur pandit vishnu digambar paluskar ne svatntrata se pahale hi bharatiy sngit ko jan-jan men pratishthit karane ka jo andolan chhed rakha tha, usaka sarthak parinam desh ki azadi ke pashchath teji se drishtigochar hone laga tha.[1]

sngit yatra

girija devi ko bhi apane yug ki roodhiyon ke viruddh kathin sngharsh karana pada. 1949 men akashavani se apane gayan ka pradarshan karane ke bad unhonne 1951 men bihar ke ara men ayojit ek sngit sammelan men gayan prastut kiya. isake bad girija devi ki anavarat sngit yatra shuroo huee, jo aj tak jari hai. girija ji ne svayn ko keval mnch-pradarshan tak hi simit nahin rakha, balki sngit ke shaikshanik aur shodh karyon men bhi apana yogadan kiya. 80 ke dashak men unhen kolakata sthit 'aee.ti.si. sngit risarch ekedami' ne amntrit kiya. yahan rah kar unhonne n keval kee yogy shishy taiyar kiye, balki shodh kary bhi karae. 90 ke dashak men girija devi 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' se bhi judin. yahan anek chhatr-chhatraon ko prachin sngit parampara ki diksha di.

gayan shaili

shastriy aur up-shastriy sngit men nishnat girija devi ki gayaki men 'seniya' aur 'banaras gharane' ki adayagi ka vishisht madhury, apani pamparik visheshataon ke sath vidyaman hai. dhrupad, khyal, tappa, tarana, sadara, thumari aur paramparik lok sngit men hori, chaiti, kajari, jhoola, dadara aur bhajan ke anoothe pradarshanon ke sath hi unhonne thumari ke sahity ka gahan adhyayan aur anusndhan bhi kiya hai. bharatiy shastriy sngit ke samakalin paridrishy men ve ekamatr aisi varishth gayika hain, jinhen poorab ang ki gayaki ke lie vishvavyapi pratishtha prapt hai. girija devi ne poorabi ang ki kalatmak virasat ko atyant mohak aur saushthavapoorn dhng se udghatit karane ka mahati kam kiya hai. sngit me unaki sudirgh sadhana hindustani shastriy sngit ke mool saundary aur saundaryamoolak aishvary ki pahachan ko adhik paradarshi bhi banakar prakat karati hai.[1]

thumari ki rani

girija devi adhunik aur svatntrata poorv kal ki poorab ang ki bol-banav thumariyon ki visheshgy aur snvahika hain. adhunik upashastriy sngit ke bhandar ko unhonne samriddh kiya hai. unaki up-shastriy gayaki men paramparavadi poorabi ang ki chhata ek alag hi sammohan paida karati hai. khyal gayan se karyakram ka arambh karane vali girija ji thumari, chaiti, kajari, jhoola adi bhi utani hi tanmayata aur khoobasoorati se gati hain ki shrota jhoom uthate hain. unaki ek kajari "barasan lagi" bahut prasiddh huee thi. apane gayan men daksh hone ke karan hi girija devi ko 'thumari ki rani' bhi kaha jata hai. unhonne ek sakshatkar men kaha tha ki- "main bhojan banate hue rasoee men apani sngit ki kaaupi sath rakhati thi aur tanen yad karati thi. kabhi-kabhi roti sekate vaqt mera hath jal jata tha, kyonki tave par roti hoti hi nahin thi. mainne sngit ke junoon men bahut bar ungaliyan jalaee hain."[2]

puraskar evn samman

apani vishisht gayan shaili ke lie girija devi ko kee puraskar prapt hue hain-

  1. 'padm shri' - 1972
  2. 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' - 1977
  3. 'padm bhooshan' - 1989
  4. 'sngit natak akadami pheloship' - 2010
  5. 'maha sngit samman avard' - 2012
  6. padm vibhooshan (2016)

nidhan

thumari gayika girija devi ka 24 aktoobar, 2017 ko kolakata men dil ka daura padane se nidhan ho gaya. pichhale kee dinon se biem bidala narsing hom men unaka ilaj chal raha tha. girija devi ko thumari kvin ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. pradhanamntri narendr modi ne tvit karate hue likha ki shastriy gayika ka aise jana bharatiy sngit ke lie kshati hai. shastriy sngit ke kshetr men unake yogadan ko hamesha yad rakha jaega. pnd‍it sajan mishra ne kaha ki girija devi ke sath ek yug ka ant ho gaya, lekin unaki gayiki jinda rahegi. bahut buri khabar hai. bhagavan unaki atma ko shanti den. banaras gharane ki shastriy gayika girajia devi ko shastriy sngit ke sath hi thumari gane men bhi maharath hasil thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 lok-ras se abhisinchit thumari (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 aktoobar, 2012.
  2. girija devi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 disambar, 2012.

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