नौशाद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

naushad
naushad
poora nam naushad ali
janm 25 disnbar, 1919
janm bhoomi lakhanoo, uttar pradesh
mrityu 5 mee, 2006
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr sngitakar
mukhy rachanaen 'pyar kiya to darana kya..', 'o duniya ke rakhavale..', 'madhuban men radhika nache re..' adi
mukhy filmen baijoo bavara, mugal-e-azam, anamol ghadi, sharada adi.
puraskar-upadhi dada sahab phalake puraskar, padm bhooshan, lata mngeshakar samman, sngit natak akadami puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 64 sal bad tak apane saj ka jadoo bikherate rahane ke bavajood naushad ne keval 67 filmon men hi sngit diya.

naushad ali (angrezi: Naushad Ali, janm: 25 disnbar, 1919 – mrityu: 5 mee, 2006) hindi filmon ke ek prasiddh sngitakar the. pahali film men sngit dene ke 64 sal bad tak apane saj ka jadoo bikherate rahane ke bavajood naushad ne keval 67 filmon men hi sngit diya, lekin unaka kaushal is bat ki jiti jagati misal hai ki gunavatta snkhyabal se kahin age hoti hai. bharatiy sinema ko samriddh banane vale sngitakaron ki kami nahin hai lekin naushad ali ke sngit ki bat hi alag thi. naushad ne filmon ki snkhya ko kabhi tarajih nahin dete hue keval sngit ko hi parishkrit karane ka kam kiya.

jivan parichay

ham jinhen sngitakar naushad ke nam janate hain, unaka sahi nam tha naushad ali. unhen sngit se lagav bachapan men hi ho gaya tha. chauthe dashak men ve filmon se jude़, lekin isase pahale unhen bahut mehanat karani padi thi. sinema sngit ko hindustaniyat ka jama pahanane vale naushad ka janm tahajib aur nazakat ke lie mashahoor navabon ke shahar lakhanoo men 25 disnbar 1919 ko hua tha.

gharavalon ka mukhy kam tha munshigiri, lekin balak naushad ka man to poori tarah sngit men basata tha. jab ve nau sal ke the, tab lakhanoo ke aminabad ke mukhy bazar ki ek dukan, jahan vadyayntr bikate the, ke qarib ve roj jane lage. jab kee dinon tak aisa hua, to malik ne ek din poochh hi liya. batachit ke bad naushad ne vahan kam karana svikar liya. unaka kam hua dukan khulane ke samay se lekar any staph ke ane se pahale ki saph-saphaee. naushad ko to jaise munhamangi murad mil gee thi. ve roj samay se ate aur dukan khulavakar sabhi vadyayntron ki achchhi tarah saphaee karate aur unhen ji bhar kar chhoote. kuchh vakt to aise hi bit gaya.

ek din dukan kholane vale staph ne naushad se kaha, bhiya.., tum jab tak saf saphaee karo, main tab tak chay pikar ata hoon. naushad ne kaha, ji thik hai. ve udhar ge, naushad ne mauka dekhakar vadyayntron par hath ajamana shuroo kar diya. ek din us saj par to doosare din doosare aur phir tisare din tisare saj par... isi tarah har roz staph chay pine jata aur naushad riyaz men lag jate. yah roj ka kam ho gaya. yah sab mahinon tak chala.

ek din vah bhi aya, jab malik samay se pahale a dhamaka aur naushad haramoniyam bajate pakade ge. naushad dare hue the, unaki halat kharab thi. thnd ke samay men pasina a nikala tha, lekin malik oopar se gussail bana raha, vah andar se khush tha. poochhatachh ke bad ant men malik ne vah peti yani haramoniyam naushad ko de di aur kaha, achchha bajate ho, khoob riyaz karana...[1]

filmi saphar

sngit ki shuruat

naushad ka ghar lakhanoo ke akabari get ke kandhari bazar, jhnvaee tola men tha. ve latoos rod par apane ustad umar ansari se sngit sikhane lage, is bat se unake valid naraz rahate the. ant men bat yahan tak ho gee ki valid ne kah diya ki agar sngit ko apanaoge to ghar chhod do. naushad ne man men yah bat than li ki ghar chhodana sahi hoga, lekin sngit nahin... ve sngit ko apanae rahe. unaka ab mool kam gana-bajana ho gaya. halanki un par kuchh kuchh samay bad kee bar pabndiyan lagin, ghar ke daravaze bnd kie ge, lekin naushad ne dadi ka sahara liya aur sngit ka shauq jari rakha. unake panv aur khvab unake pita kabhi nahin rok sake. isi bich unhonne maitrik pas kiya.[1]

16 varsh ki umr men munbee ka rukh

maitrik pas karane ke bad ve lakhanoo ke 'vindasar entaratenar myoozikal grup' ke sath dilli, muradabad, jayapur, jodhapur aur sirohi ki yatra par nikale. jab kuchh samay bad vah myoozikal grup bikhar gaya to naushad ne lakhanoo lautane ke bajae munbee ka rukh kiya aur 16 varsh ki kishor umr men yani 1935 men ve munbee a ge. naushad ke lie munbee ummidon ka shahar tha. yahan unhen pahala thikana ke roop men dadar ke braaudave sinemaghar ke samane ka phutapath mila. tab naushad ne sapana dekha tha ki kabhi is sinemaghar men unaki koee film lagegi. us kishor kalpana ko sakar hone men kafi vaqt laga. 'baijoo bavara' jab usi haaul men riliz huee, to vahan riliz ke samay naushad ne kaha, is sadak ko par karane men mujhe satrah sal lag ge... shuroo men naushad ne en. e. das yani naushad ali das ke nam se kuchh sngitakaron ke sath kam kiya. unhen kam milane laga tha, lekin bahut nahin.[1]

pahali film 'prem nagar'

1940 men bani 'prem nagar' men naushad ko pahali bar svatntr roop se sngit nirdeshan ka mauka mila. isake bad ek aur film 'steshan mastar' bhi saphal rahi. usake bad to jaise naushad sngit ke motiyon ki mala-si bunate chale ge. naushad ko pahali bar 'sunahari makadi' film men haramoniyam bajane ka avasar mila. yah film poori nahin ho saki lekin shayad yahin se naushad ka sunahara safar shuroo hua. isi bich gitakar dinanath madhok (dien) se unaki mulakat huee to unhonne unaka parichay film indastri ke any logon se karavaya jisase naushad ko chhota-mota kam milana prarnbh hua.[2]

yadagar sngit

yah naushad ke sngit ka hi jadoo tha ki 'mugal-e-ajam', 'baijoo bavara', 'anamol ghadi', 'sharada', 'an', 'snjog' adi kee filmon ko n keval hit banaya balki kalajayi bhi bana diya. 'didar' ke git- 'bachapan ke din bhula n dena', 'hue ham jinake lie barabad', 'le ja meri duaen le ja paradesh jane vale' adi ki badaulat is film ne lnbe samay tak chalane ka rikaaurd qayam kiya. isake bad to naushad ki lokapriyata men khasa ijapha hua. 'baijoo bavara' ki saphalata se naushad ko sarvashreshth sngitakar ka pahala filmapheyar avaaurd bhi mila. sngit men unake ullekhaniy yogadan ke lie 1982 men phalake avaaurd, 1984 men 'lata alnkaran' tatha 1992 men padm bhooshan se unhen navaza gaya. [2]

naushad ko suraiya, amirabaee karnataki, nirmaladevi, uma devi adi ko protsahit kar age lane ka shrey jata hai. suraiya ko pahali bar unhonne 'nee duniya' men gane ka mauka diya. isake bad 'sharada' v 'snjog' men bhi gane gavae. suraiya ke alava nirmaladevi se sabase pahale 'sharada' men tatha uma devi yani tunatun ki avaj ka istemal 'dard' men 'afasana likh rahi hoon' ke lie naushad ne kiya. naushad ne hi mukesh ki dardabhari avaj ka istemal 'anokhi ada' aur 'andaj' men kiya. 'andaj' men naushad ne dilip kumar ke lie mukesh aur raj kapoor ke lie mo. raphi ki avaj ka upayog kiya. 1944 men yuva prem par adharit 'ratan' ke gane us samay ke daur men suparahit hue the.[2]

prasiddh git

  • 'man tarapat hari darshan..' (baijoo bavara)
  • 'o duniya ke rakhavale..' (baijoo bavara)
  • 'jhoole men pavan ke' (baijoo bavara)
  • 'mohe panaghat pe nnd lal' (mugal-e-azam)
  • 'pyar kiya to darana kya..' (mugal-e-azam)
  • 'khuda nigeban..' (mugal-e-azam)
  • 'madhuban men radhika nache re..' (kohinoor)
  • 'dhal chuki sham-e-gam...' (kohinoor)
  • nanha munna rahi hoon (san aauf indiya)
  • apani azadi ko ham (lidar)
  • insaf ki dagar par (gnga jamuna)

naushad aur sahagal ka ek vakaya

'shahajahan' men hiro kundanalal sahagal se naushad ne git gavae. us samay aisa mana jata tha ki sahagal bagair sharab pie gane nahin ga sakate. naushad ne sahagal se bagair sharab pie ek gana gane ke lie kaha to sahagal ne kaha, 'bagair pie main sahi nahin ga paoonga.' isake bad naushad ne sahagal se ek gana sharab pie hue gavaya aur usi gane ko bad men bagair sharab pie gavaya. jab sahagal ne apane gae donon gane sune tab naushad se bole, 'kash! mujhase tum pahale mile hote!' yah git kaun-sa tha, isaka to pata nahin chala lekin 'shahajahan' ke git 'jab dil hi toot gaya, ham ji ke kya karenge...' tatha 'gam die mustakil, kitana najuk hai dil...' kalajayi siddh hue.[2]

'tum mahanh gayak banoge'

'pahale ap' ke nirdeshak karadar miyan ke pas ek bar sipharishi patr lekar ek ladaka pahuncha. tab unhonne naushad se kaha ki bhaee, is ladake ke lie koee gunjaish nikal sakati hai kya. naushad ne sahaj bhav se kaha, 'philahal to koee gunjaish nahin hai. han, alabatta itana zaroor hai ki main inako koee samooh (koras) men gava sakata hoon.' ladake ne han kar di. git ke bol the : 'hindoo hain ham hindustan hamara, hindoo-muslim ki ankhon ka tara'. isamen sabhi gayakon ko lohe ke joote pahanae ge, kyonki gate samay pair patak-patakakar gana tha taki jooton ki avaj ka iphekt a sake. us ladake ke joote tait the. gane ki samapti par ladake ne joote utare to usake pairon men chhale pad ge the. yah sab dekh rahe naushad ne us ladake ke kndhe par hath rakhakar kaha, 'jab joote tait the to tumhen bata dena tha.' is par us ladake ne kaha, 'apane mujhe kam diya, yahi mere lie badi bat hai.' tab naushad ne kaha tha, 'ek din tum mahanh gayak banoge.' yah ladaka age chalakar muhammad rafi ke nam se jana gaya.[2]

samman aur puraskar

nidhan

san 1940 se 2006 tak unhonne apana sngit ka saphar jari rakha. unhonne antim bar 2006 men bani 'tajamahal' ke lie sngit diya. apane antim dinon tak ve kahate the, 'mujhe aj bhi aisa lagata hai ki abhi tak n meri sngit ki talim poori huee hai aur n hi main achchha sngit de saka.' aur isi malal ke sath ve 5 mee, 2006 ko is duniya se rukhasat ho ge.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ..jab naushad ne ghar chhod diya (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 22 sitnbar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 naushad ali : amar sngit dene vale nayab ratn (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 22 sitnbar, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah