कवि प्रदीप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kavi pradip
pradip
poora nam ramachndr narayanaji dvivedi
prasiddh nam kavi pradip
janm 6 faravari 1915
janm bhoomi ujjain, madhy pradesh
mrityu 11 disnbar 1998
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak narayan bhatt
pati/patni shrimati subhadra ben
sntan putri- saragam aur mitul
karm bhoomi mumbee (bharat)
karm-kshetr kavi, gitakar, gayak
mukhy rachanaen ai mere vatan ke logo, ao bachchon tumhen dikhaen, de di hamen azadi, ham laye hain toofan se, main to arati utaroon, pinjare ke pnchhi re, tere dvar khada bhagavan, door hato ai duniya valon adi
mukhy filmen jay sntoshi man, jagrati, bndhan, bndhan, kismat, nastik, hari darshan, kabhi dhoop kabhi chhanv, paigam, skool mastar, vaman avatar adi.
vishay deshaprem, bhakti
shiksha snatak
vidyalay 'shivaji rav haeeskool', indaur; 'daragnj haeeskool', ilahabad; 'lakhanoo vishvavidyalay'
puraskar-upadhi dada sahab phalke puraskar (1998), sngit natak akadami puraskar (1961)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari kavi pradip gandhi vicharadhara ke kavi the. unhonne jivan moolyon ki kimat par dhan-daulat ko kabhi mahattv nahin diya. unaka manana tha ki 'yadi apas men ham logon men eershya-dvesh n hota to ham gulam n hote'.

kavi pradip (angrezi: Kavi Pradeep, janm: 6 faravari, 1915, ujjain, madhy pradesh; mrityu: 11 disnbar, 1998, mumbee, maharashtr) ka mool nam 'ramachndr narayanaji dvivedi' tha. pradip hindi sahity jagath aur hindi film jagath ke ek ati sudridh rachanakar rahe. kavi pradip 'ai mere vatan ke logon' sarikhe deshabhakti giton ke lie jane jate hain. unhonne 1962 ke 'bharat-chin yuddh' ke dauran shahid hue sainikon ki shraddhanjali men ye git likha tha. 'bharat ratn' se sammanit svar kokila lata mngeshakar dvara gae is git ka tatkalin pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ki upasthiti men 26 janavari 1963 ko dilli ke ramalila maidan se sidha prasaran kiya gaya tha. yoon to kavi pradip ne prem ke har roop aur har ras ko shabdon men utara, lekin vir ras aur desh bhakti ke unake giton ki bat hi kuchh anokhi thi.

janm

desh prem aur desh-bhakti se ot-prot bhavanaon ko sundar shabdon men pirokar jan-jan tak pahunchane vale kavi pradip ka janm 6 faravari, 1915 men madhy pradesh men ujjain ke badanagar namak qasbe men hua tha. pradip ji ka asal nam 'ramachndr narayan dvivedi' tha. inake pita ka nam narayan bhatt tha. pradip ji udichy brahman the.
kavi pradip apane parivar (patni- subhadra ben, putri- saragam aur mitul) ke sath

shiksha

kavi pradip ki shuruati shiksha indaur ke 'shivaji rav haeeskool' men huee, jahan ve satavin kaksha tak padhe. isake bad ki shiksha ilahabad ke daragnj haeeskool men snpann huee. isake bad intaramidiet ki pariksha uttirn ki. daragnj un dinon sahity ka gadh hua karata tha. varsh 1933 se 1935 tak ka ilahabad ka kal pradip ji ke lie sahityik drishtikonn se bahut achchha raha. unhonne lakhanoo vishvavidyalay se snatak ki shiksha prapt ki evn adhyapak prashikshan pathh‌yakram men pravesh liya. vidyarthi jivan men hi hindi kavy lekhan evn hindi kavy vachan men unaki gahari ruchi thi.

vivah

kavi pradip ka vivah mumbee nivasi gujarati brahman chunnilal bhatt ki putri subhadra ben se 1942 men hua tha. vivah se poorv kavi pradip ne apani bhavi patni se ek prashn poochha tha- "main ag hoon, kya tum mere sath rah sakogi." isaka bada makool uttar subhadra ben ne diya- "ji han, main pani banakar rahoongi." isaka nirvah unhonne jivan bhar kiya. 1950 men vile parle men es.bi. marg par 700 gaj ka plaaut kharidakar 70 hazar rupaye men pradip ne shanadar bngala banavaya. bngala sahityik mitron ke svagat ke lie sadaiv khula rahata tha. amritalal nagar chh: mahinon tak is bngale men rahe the. pradip dampatti do putriyon ‘mitul’ aur ‘saragam’ ke abhibhavak bane.

kavita ka shauq

kishoravastha men hi kavi pradip ko lekhan aur kavita ka shauq laga. kavi sammelanon men ve khoob dad batora karate the. kavita to amataur par har vyakti jivan men kabhi n kabhi karata hi hai, parntu ramachndr dvivedi ki kavita keval kuchh kshanon ka shauq ya samay bitane ka sadhan nahin thi, vah unaki sans-sans men basi thi, unaka jivan thi. isilie adhyapan chhodakar ve kavita ki sarnchana men vyast ho ge.

kavi sammelanon men shirakat

ilahabad ke sahityik vatavaran men kavi pradip ki antashchetana men dabe kavyankuron ko phootane ka paryapt avasar mila. yahan unhen hindi ke anek sahity shilpiyon ka snehil sannidhy mila. ve goshthiyon men kavita ka path karane lage. ilahabad men ek bar hindi dainik 'arjun' ke snpadak aur svami shraddhannd ke suputr pn. vidyavachaspati ke samman men ek kavi-goshthi ka ayojan kiya gaya. goshthi ki adhyakshata rajarshi purushottam das tndan kar rahe the. mahadevi varma, bhagavati charan varma, praphull chndr ojha 'mukt', harivnsharay bachchan, narendr sharma, balakrishn rav, ramashnkar shukl 'rasal', padmakant malaviy jaise diggaj rachanakaron ne apane kavy path se goshthi ko alokit kiya. isi goshthi men 20 varshiy tarun 'pradip' ne apane surile kavy-path se sabhi ko mugdh kar diya. us din kavy jagath men ek naya sitara chamaka.
patni ke sath kavi pradip

nirala ji ka kathan

sooryakant tripathi 'nirala' ji ne lakhanoo ki patrika 'madhuri' ke faravari, 1938 ke ank men pradip par lekh likhakar unaki kavy-pratibha par svarn-muhar laga di. nirala ji ne likha- "aj jitane kaviyon ka prakash hindi jagath men phaila hua hai, unamen 'pradip' ka atynt ujjval aur snigdh hai. hindi ke hriday se pradip ki dipak ragini koyal aur papihe ke svar ko bhi parast kar chuki hai. idhar 3-4 sal se anek kavi sammelan pradip ki rachana aur ragini se udbhasit ho chuke hain."

filmi padarpan

varsh 1939 men lakhanoo vishvavidyalay se snatak tak ki padhaee karane ke bad kavi pradip ne shikshak banane ka prayas kiya, lekin isi dauran unhen munbee men ho rahe ek kavi sammelan men hissa lene ka nyota mila. kavi sammelan men unake giton ko sunakar 'bambe taaukij stoodiyo' ke malik hinmashu ray kafi prabhavit hue aur unhonne pradip ko apane bainar tale ban rahi film ‘kngan’ ke git likhane ki peshakash ki. is film men ashok kumar evn devika rani ne pramukh bhoomikaen nibhaee thin. 1939 men pradarshit film 'kngan' men unake giton ki kamayabi ke bad pradip bataur gitakar filmi duniya men apani pahachan banane men saphal ho ge. is film ke lie likhe ge char giton men se pradip ne tin giton ko apana svar bhi diya tha. is prakar ‘kngan’ film ke dvara bharatiy hindi film udyog ko gitakar, sngitakar evn gayak ke roop men ek nayi pratibha mili. san 1943 men munbee ki 'baaumbe taaukij' ki panch filmon- ‘anjan’, ‘kismat’, ‘jhoola’, ‘naya snsar’ aur ‘punarmilan’ ke liye bhi kavi pradip ne git likhe.

chhadm nam se git lekhan

'filmistan' film nirman snstha se anubndhit hone par bhi antarik rajaniti ke karan kavi pradip se git nahin likhae ja rahe the. isase du:khi hokar ve 'mis kamal bi.e.' ke chhadm nam se git likhane lage. unhonne char filmon ke lie isi nam se git likhe. is nam ke karan ek bar to kafi hasyaspad sthiti utpann ho gee. 'nyoo thiyetar' ki lila desaee ki kamal nam ki ek bahan thi, jo 'mis' bhi thi aur 'bi.e.' bhi. jane kaise prashnsakon ne unaka pata dhoondh liya aur unhen patr likhane lage. kuchh logon ne to shadi ke prastav bhi rakh die. unhonne pres vigyapti nikalakar kaha ki ve git nahin likhati hain.

pradip se 'kavi pradip'

kavi pradip (yuvavastha men)

kavi sammelanon men sooryakant tripathi niralaji jaise mahanh sahityakar ko prabhavit kar sakane ki kshamata ramachndr dvivedi men thi. unhin ke ashirvad se ramachndr 'pradip' kahalane lage. pradip ka vastavik nam ramachandr narayan divedi tha, kintu ek bar himanshu ray ne kaha ki ye relagadi jaisa lamba nam thik nahi hai, tabhi se unhonne apana nam pradip rakh liya. pradip nam ke pichhe unake jivan ka ek rochak prasng bhi hai. un dinon mumbee men abhineta aur kalakar pradip kumar bhi prasiddh ho rahe the, jis karan aksar galati se dakiya kavi pradip ki chiththi abhineta pradip ke pate par dal deta tha. dakiya sahi pate par patr de, is vajah se unhonne pradip ke pahale 'kavi' shabd jod diya aur yahin se kavi pradip ke nam se ve prakhyat hue.[1] kavi pradip apani rachanaen gakar hi sunate the aur unaki madhur avaz ka sadupayog anek sngit nirdeshakon ne alag-alag samay par kiya.

svatntrata andolan men yogadan

kavi pradip gandhi vicharadhara ke kavi the. pradip ji ne jivan moolyon ki kimat par dhan-daulat ko kabhi mahatv nahin diya. kathor sngharshon ke bavajood unake nivas sthan ‘pnchamrit’ par svarn ke kngure bhale hi n milen, parantu vaishvik khyati ka kalash zaroor dikhega. pradip ji bharatiy svatntrata andolan men badh-chadh kar hissa lete the. ek bar svatntrata ke andolan men unaka pair phraikchar ho gaya tha aur kee dinon tak aspatal men rahana pada. ve angrezon ke anachar-atyachar adi se bahut du:khi hote the. unaka manana tha ki yadi apas men ham logon men eershya-dvesh n hota to ham gulam n hote. param deshabhakt chndrashekhar azad ki shahadat par kavi pradip ka man karuna se bhar gaya tha aur unhonne apane anrtaman se ek git rach dala tha, jisake bol nimn prakar the[1]-

vah is ghar ka ek diya tha,
vidhi ne anal sphulingon se usake jivan ka vasan siya tha
jisane anal lekhani se apani gita ka likha prakkathan
jisane jivan bhar jvalaon ke path par hi kiya paryatan
jise sadh thi daliton ki jhopadiyon ko abad karun main
aj vahi parichay-vihin sa poorn kar gaya annat ke sharan.

deshabhakti ke git

  • varsh 1940 men bharatiy svatntrata sngram apane charam par tha. desh ko svatntr karane ke liy chhidi muhim men kavi pradip bhi shamil ho ge aur isake liye unhonne apani kavitaon ka sahara liya. apani kavitaon ke madhyam se pradip deshavasiyon men jagriti paida kiya karate the. 1940 men gyan mukharji ke nirdeshan men unhonne film ‘bndhan’ ke lie bhi git likha. yoon to film 'bndhan' men unake rachit sabhi git lokapriy hue, lekin ‘chal chal re naujavan...' ke bol vale git ne ajadi ke divanon men ek naya josh bharane ka kam kiya. us samay svatntrata andolan apani charam sima par tha aur har prabhat pheri men is desh bhakti ke git ko gaya jata tha. is git ne bharatiy janamanas par jadoo-sa prabhav dala tha. yah rashtriy git ban gaya tha. sindh aur pnjab ki vidhan sabha ne is git ko rashtriy git ki manyata di aur ye git vidhan sabha men gaya jane laga. balaraj sahani us samay lndan men the. unhone is git ko lndan bi.bi.si. se prasarit kar diya. ahamadabad men mahadev bhaee ne isaki tulana upanishad ke mntr ‘charaiveti-charaiveti’ se ki.
kavi pradip apane parivar (patni- subhadra ben, putri- saragam aur mitul) ke sath

is git par pratikriya vyakt karate hue pandit javahar lal neharoo ne kavi pradip ko bataya tha ki- "apane kaishory kal men indira prabhat pheriyon men 'chal-chal re naujavan' gakar apani 'vanar sena' ki pared karati thin." yah git 'nasik vidroh' (1946) ke samay sainikon ka abhiyan git ban gaya tha. is film men ek any halka-phulka git bhi tha- 'chana jor garam, main laya majedar, chana jor garam.' yah git pheri valon ke mukh par chadhakar gali-gali goonjane laga tha.

  • apane giton ko pradip ne gulami ke khilaf avaz bulnd karane ke hathiyar ke roop me istemal kiya aur unake giton ne angrezon ke viruddh bharatiyon ke sngharsh ko ek nayi disha di. chalis ke dashak men rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ka angrez sarakar ke viruddh ‘bharat chhodo andolan’ apane charam par tha. varsh 1943 men pradarshit film ‘kismat’ men pradip ke likhe git ‘aj himalay ki choti se phir hamane lalakara hai, door hato e duniya valon hindustan hamara hai’ jaise giton ne jahan ek or svatntrata senaniyon ko jhakajhora, vahin angrezon ki tirachhi najar ke bhi vah shikar hue. pradip ka rachit yah git ‘door hato e duniya valon’ ek tarah se angrezi sarakar ke par sidha prahar tha. kavi pradip ke krantikari vichar ko dekhakar angrezi sarakar dvara giraphtari ka varnt bhi nikala gaya. giraphtari se bachane ke liye kavi pradip ko kuchh dinon ke lie bhoomigat rahana pada. yah git is kadar lokapriy hua ki sinema haaul men darshak ise bar-bar sunane ki khvahish karate the aur film ki samapti par darshakon ki mang par is git ko sinema haaul men dubara sunaya jane laga. isake sath hi film ‘kismat’ ne baauks aphis ke sare rikard tod die. is film ne kolakata ke ek sinema haaul men lagatar lagabhag char varsh tak chalane ka rikard banaya.[2]
  • isake bad varsh 1950 men pradarshit film ‘mashal’ men unake rachit git ‘oopar gagan vishal niche gahara patal, bich men hai dharati ‘vah mere malik tune kiya kamal’ bhi logon ke bich kafi lokapriy hua. isake bad kavi pradip ne pichhe mudakar nahi dekha aur ek se badhakar ek git likhakar shrotaon ko bhavavibhor kar diya.
  • varsh 1954 men pradarshit film ‘nastik’ men unake rachit git ‘dekh tere snsar ki halat kya ho gee bhagavan kitana badal gaya insan’ samaj men badh rahi kuritiyon ke oopar unaka sidha prahar tha.

film 'jagriti'

varsh 1954 men hi film ‘jagriti’ men unake rachit git ki kamayabi ke bad vah shoharat ki bunladiyo par ja baithe. yah film kavi pradip ke ganon ke lie aj bhi smaraniy hai. pradip dvara rachit git ‘ham lae hain toofan se kashti nikal ke, is desh ko rakhana mere bachchon snbhal ke’ aur 'de di hamen azadi bina khadag bina dhal, sabaramati ke snt toone kar diya kamal' jaise git aj bhi logon ke bich kafi lokapriy hain. ye git desh bhar men svatntrata divas aur ganatntrata divas ke avasar par khasataur se sune ja sakate hain. git ‘sabaramati ke snt toone kar diya kamal’ ke jarie pradip ne rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke prati apani shraddhanjali vyakt ki hai. sath ke dashak men pashchaty git-sngit ki chamak se nirmata-nirdeshak apane ap ko nahin bacha sake aur dhire-dhire nirdeshakon ne kavi pradip ki or se apana mukh mod liya; lekin varsh 1958 men pradarshit film ‘talak’ aur varsh 1959 men pradarshit film ‘paigam’ men unake rachit git ‘insan ka insan se ho bhaeechara’ ki kamayabi ke bad pradip ek bar phir se apani khoee huee lokapriyata pane men saphal ho ge.

baaumbe taaukij ka tyag

himanshu ray ke nidhan ke bad hi 'baaumbe taaukij' men jo rajaniti dabe panv ghus aee thi, ab vah satah par a gee. donon yooniton men sngharsh tez ho gaya tha. mamala adalat tak a gaya. faisala devika rani ke paksh men hua. devika rani film jagath se oob chuki thin, kyonki usaka ek svarthon se bhara syah chehara unhonne dekha tha. unhonne char filmon ka nirman kiya tha, jisamen dilip kumar ki pahali film ‘jvarabhata’ (1944) bhi shamil thi. sabhi filmen flaaup ho gee thin. unhen laga ki chitrapat jagath se sada ke lie vida lene ka avasar a gaya hai. roosi chitrakar svetoslov rorik se shadi karane ke bad unhonne 1945 men baaumbe taaukij ko bech diya aur mumbee se chali geen. baaumbe taaukij ke malik badal ge the aur nirdeshak nitin bos usase judakar dilip kumar ke sath saphal filmen bana rahe the. ray bahadur chunnilal ke sath shashadhar mukharji, gyan mukharji, ashok kumar, savak vacha aur kavi pradip baaumbe taaukij se alag ho ge. apane sheyar ke paison se in logon ne ‘filmistan’ namak kampani ki sthapana ki aur film nirman ki yojana arambh ki.

baaumbe taaukij chhodane ka nirnay pradip par bhari pada. ‘filmistan’ ki pahali film ‘chal-chal re naujavan’ (1944) thi. jitani asha thi, utani n film chali aur n hi isake gane. is film ke lie pradip ne barah git likhe the. film ke asaphal hone par is snstha men bhi rajaniti a gee. unhonne pradip ko alag-thalag kar diya aur gane likhane bnd kar diye ge. pradip filmistan se hue kaauntrekt se bndhe the. vetan mil raha tha, kintu kam nahin. pradip ke komal man par isaka bura prabhav pada. ve nahin chahate the ki unaki kalam kunthit ho jae. at: apani atma ki avaz ke viruddh ‘mis kamal bi.e.’ ke nakali nam se bahar ki filmon ke lie git likhane lage. ‘lakshmi prodakshns’ ki tin filmen- ‘kadambari’ (1944), ‘sati toral’ (1947), ‘virangana’ (1947) tatha murali mootiton ki ek film ‘amrapali’ (1945) ke git likhe. is bich filmistan ne pradip se 1946 men ‘shikari’ film ke lie git likhava lie. in filmon ke giton men sahityikata bhale hi ho, par pahale jaisi lokapriyata ka tattv kahin kho gaya tha.[3]

svatntr lekhan

'mis kamal bi.e.' ke nakali nam se likhate-likhate aur filmistan ki rajaniti se pradip oob chuke the. at: unhonne filmistan se alag hokar, apane sahayogiyon ki madad se ‘lokamany prodakshns’ namak film nirman snstha banaee. 1949 men pahali film aee ‘garls skool’, jisamen pradip ke nau gane the. si. ramachndr aur anil vishvas jaise sngitakaron ka nirdeshan, lata mngeshakar aur shamashad begam[4] ka gayan bhi koee karishma nahin kar paya. kavi pradip samajh ge ki film kampani chalana unake bas ki bat nahin hai, kyonki isase unaki mukhy dhara kunthit ho rahi thi. at: ve 'lokamany prodakshns' se alag ho ge aur phir svatntr roop se likhane lage. 'baaumbe taaukij' ne is avasar ka labh uthaya aur apani film ‘mashal’ (1950) ke lie unase sat git likhavae. is parivartan ka karan yah tha ki baaumbe taaukij ka kam savak vacha ke sath ashok kumar dekh rahe the, jo pradip se pahale se hi kafi prabhavit the. sachin dev barman ne achchhi dhunen banaeen aur git chal nikale. prakriti ki mahanata ko ujagar karane vale is film ke ek git ne poore bharat men khyati arjit ki. git tha- ‘oopar gagan vishal, niche gahara patal.‘ ‘sati toral’ aur ‘kadambari’ ke git ga chuke manna de ne likha tha- "main to pradip ji rini hoon aur janm bhar rahoonga, kyonki mujhe sarvapratham lokapriyata pradip ji ke git ‘oopar gagan vishal’ ne hi di hai." gitakar shailendr ne unase kaha- "pradip ji, aisa aur is koti ka git keval ap hi likh sakate hain." rajakapoor ne badhaee dete hue pradip ko apani banhon men utha liya tha.

'filmistan kampani' ke shashadhar mukharji pradip ki kalam ka jadoo janate the. apani samajik film ‘nastik’ (1945) ke sabhi nau git pradip se likhavae. sabhi git lokapriy hue aur film hit ho gee. pradip ke andar baithe sahityakar ko mukhar hone aur giton men naye prayog karane ka avasar mila. du:kh men eeshvar yad ata hai, usi se fariyad karate hue likha aur gaya- "dekh tere snsar ki halat kya ho gee bhagavan! kitana badal gaya insan." is git ne lokapriyata ki bulandiyon ko chhoo liya. lata ji amataur par mujara nahin gati hain, parntu is git ke lie pradip ka likha mujara shalin tha, at: unhonne khushi se gaya- ‘kaise ae hain din hay andher ke. baithe balama hamare nazar pher ke.‘ mujaron men amataur par ashlilata parosi jati thi. shrringar men ashlilata se bachana pradip janate the. isi film men unake ek any git ko lata mngeshakar ne gaya- ‘hone laga hai mujhape javani ka asar. jhuki jae nazar ....‘ is film ke giton ka pahala el.pi. rikaaurd bana tha.[3]

'ai mere vatan ke logon' ki rachana

kavi pradip
abhar- odion[5]

'ai mere vatan ke logon, jara ankh men bhar lo pani' sath ke dashak men chini akraman ke samay lata mngeshakar dvara gaya gaya tha. yah git kavi pradip dvara likha gaya tha. kaun-sa sachcha hindustani ise bhool sakata hai? yah git aj itane varshon ke bad bhi utana hi lokapriy hai. is git ke karan 'bharat sarakar' ne kavi pradip ko ‘rashtrakavi’ ki upadhi se sammanit kiya tha. dal, chaval aur sada jivan vyatit karane vale kavi pradip ne yah likhakar diya ki- "ai mere vatan ke logon" git se milane vali raauyalti ki rashi shahid sainikon ki vidhava patniyon ko di jae." isase yah spasht ho jata hai ki pradip ek kavi hone ke sath-sath ek udar aur sachche deshabhakt lekhak bhi the.

poore bharat men prasiddh yah git 26 janavari, 1963 ko lata mngeshakar ne gaya tha. chin ke hathon yuddh men parajit hone ke bad bharatiy sena ka manobal kafi gir gaya tha. sath hi is har se desh men ek tarah ki mayoosi-si chha gee thi. isi ko dekhate hue us samay ke pradhanamntri pndit javahar lal neharoo ne ganatntr divas ke avasar par munbee men sainikon ke lie phnd jutane ke uddeshy se ek karyakram ayojit kiya tha. isake lie kavi pradip ko ek deshabhakti git likhane ke lie kaha gaya. us samay tak pradip vir ras ki kavitaon aur deshabhakti git likhane ke lie kafi prasiddh the. aise men git likhane ko lekar pareshan pradip munbee ke mahim men sham ke samay ghoom rahe the ki tabhi is git ke bol unhen apane man men sunaee die. ve kahin ise bhool n jaen, isalie pan ki dukan se sigaret ka paiket kharida aur us par yah lain likh li, jisake bad is prasiddh git ki rachana huee.

kavi pradip

pradip ki neharoo ji se bhent

dilli men is git ke gayan ke kuchh hafton bad hi jab javahar lal neharoo mumbee pahunche to unhonne pradip ki talash karavaee. ve ek skool men the to ve vahin ja pahunche aur ‘ai mere vatan ke logon’ unake knth se suna. pandit ji ne kaha- "bhee tum to gate bhi itana achchha ho, yahan to aaurkestra bhi nahin hai." kavi pradip ne matr itana hi kaha- "yah git mere hriday ki vedana ka pratik hai, jisake lie vady samagri ki avashyakata nahin hoti hai." isi mulakat ke bad neharoo ji ko pata chala ki ‘chal-chal re naujavan’ aur ‘door hato ai duniya valon’ git bhi pradip ne hi likhe the. unhen yah bhi pata chala ki chhatr jivan men pradip ilahabad sthit unake nivas ‘anand bhavan’ ke pichhe rahate the. neharoo ji ne kaha tha ki- "yadi koee ‘ai mere vatan ke logon’ se prabhavit nahin hota hai to vah sachcha hindustani nahin hai."

yah git aj bhi itana prasiddh hai ki lakhanoo ke ek 'rani lakshmibaee hayar senkedi skool' (arelabi) ne ise apane prarthana men shamil kiya hai. vidyarthi pratidin asembali men is git ko gate hai. skool ka manana hai ki yah git aj bhi desh ke javanon men naya josh aur unake manobal ko oochan karata hai. bachchon ko is git se pahale isake pichhe jude itihas ki janakari di jati hai. itana hi nahin skool ki har kaksha men chinpakistan aur karagil ladaiyon ke nayakon ki tasvir aur unake bare men janakari di gee hai.[6]

pradip ne ‘nastik’ evn ‘jagriti’ filmon ke lie jo git likhe, svayn unhonne hi unhen gaya bhi tha. usase samajik vighatan ki ek jhalak milati hai- ‘dekh tere snsar ki halat kya ho gayi bhagavan, kitana badal gaya insan. chand n badala sooraj n badala, kitana badal gaya insan..’ 'paigam' film ke lie kavi pradip ka likha git ‘insan ka insan se ho bhaeechara yahi paigam hamara’ yah gana bhi kafi lokapriy hua tha.[3]

film 'jay sntoshi man' ki saphalata

apane giton ke balaboote par baauks aauphis par rikard tod vyavasay karane vali film thi ‘jay sntoshi man’, jo kavi pradip ke jivan men ek avismaraniy yashasvi film ka udaharan bani thi. 25 joon, 1975 ko desh men apat kal ki ghoshana huee thi. nagarikon ke snvaidhanik adhikar to sthagit kar hi diye ge, unake vyaktigat adhikaron par daka padane laga. virodh ka svar uthate hi 'misa’ namak qanoon ke tahat avaz uthane vale ko jel ke andar kar diya jata tha, jisaki koee jamanat nahin thi. janata men bhay ki bhavana bharane ke lie desh ke nami-girami netaon ko jel ke bhitar kar diya gaya. aisi dabi-kuchali manasikata ka tran eesh-aradhana men hi log manane lage. aise vatavaran men atynt kam bajat ki film ‘jay sntoshi man’ aee. isamen koee namachin kalakar nahin tha, parntu kavi pradip ke chhahon bhakti pradhan giton ne film ko suparahit kar diya. kuchh giton ki banagi is prakar hai- ‘main to arati ootaroon re sntoshi mata ki’, ‘yahan vahan jahan tahan mat poochho kahan-kahan, hai sntoshi man’, ‘karati hoon tumhara vrat men svikar karo man’.

svatntrata prapti ka ahvan

kavi pradip ne deshavasiyon se svatntrata prapt karane ke lie ahvan kiya. unhonne filmi git zaroor likhe, lekin usamen deshaprem ki dhara ko pravahit karane men kamayab rahe. sahity samiksha ke man dandon ke adhar par kavi pradip ek uchch koti ke sahityakar the. ve rashtriy chetana ke pratinidhi kaviyon ki agrim pnkti men apana sthan rakhate the. bhasha ki drishti se kavi pradip ka sthan any gitakaron se shreshth hai. samaj ki bigadati dasha ko dekhakar unaki antaratma eeshvar se kahati hai ki[1]-

"dekh tere snsar ki halat kya ho gee bhagavan kitana badal gaya insan."

samajikata ki bhavana se otaprot hokar vishvabndhutv ki bhavana men unhonne likha tha-

insan se insan ka ho bhaee chara, yahi paigam hamara.
snsar men goonje samata ka ikatara, yahi paigam hamara.

lokapriyata

pahali hi film men kavi pradip ko gitakar ke sath-sath gayak ke roop men bhi liya gaya tha, parntu gayak ke roop men unaki lokapriyata ka madhyam bana `jagriti' film ka git jisake bol hain - ao bachchon tumhen dikhaen jhanki hindustan ki sngit nirdeshak hemnt kumar, si. ramachndr, lakshmikant-pyarelal adi ne samay-samay par kavi pradip ke likhe kuchh giton ka unhin ki avaj men rikaaurd kiya. `pinjare ke pnchhi re tera dard n jane koy', `toot gee hai mala moti bikhar ge', koee lakh kare chaturaee karam ka lekh mite n re bhaee', jaisa bhavana pradhan giton ko bahut akarshak andaj men gakar kavi pradip ne film jagath ke gayakon men. apana alag hi mahattvapoorn sthan bana liya tha, ek git yadyapi kavi pradip ne svayn gaya nahin tha, lekin unaki likhi is rachana ne british shasakon ko hila diya tha, jisake bol hain- aj himalay ki choti se phir hamane lalakara hai, door hato ai duniya valon hindustan hamara hai. british adhikari dhoondhane lage kavi pradip ko. jab unake kuchh mitron ko pata chala ki british shasak kavi pradip ko pakadakar kadi saja dena chahate hain to unhen kavi pradip ki jan khatare men najar ane lagi. mitron aur shubhachintakon ke dabav men kavi pradip ko bhoomigat ho jana pada.[7]

lekhani ka kamal

azadi ke bad 1954 men unhonne film 'jagriti' men rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke jivan darshan ko bakhoobi film ke ganon men utara. ise lekhani ka hi kamal kahenge ki jab pakistan men film 'jagriti' ki rimek bedari banaee gee to jo bas desh ki jagah mulk kar diya gaya aur pakistani git ban gaya....ham lae hain toofan se kashti nikal ke, is mulq ko rakhana mere bachchon snbhal ke... kuchh isi tarah ‘de di hamen azadi bina khadg bina dhal, sabaramati ke snt toone kar diya kamal’ ki jagah pakistani gana ban gaya..... yoon di hamen azadi ki duniya huee hairan, ai qayade azam tera ehasan hai ehasan. aise hi tha bedari ka ye pakistani gana....ao bachche sair karaen tumako pakistan ki, jisaki khatir hamane di qurbani lakhon jan ki. ye gana asal men tha ao bachchon tumhen dikhaen jhanki hindustan ki...[8]

rajakapoor ko sahara

1970 men desh ke mahanh filmakar rajakapoor ki mahatvakankshi film 'mera nam jokar' baauks aauphis par baith gee. rajakapoor ke sapane khil-khil hokar bikhar ge. darshakon ko unaki yah lnbi aur darshanikata se bharapoor film nahin bhaee. niraj ka lokapriy git 'e bhaee jara dekh kar chalo' bhi ise ubar nahin paya. rajakapoor ne is par pani ki tarah paisa bahaya tha. ve film ke aphasal hone par du:khi aur udvign rahane lage. isi samay unhen kee varsh poorv pradip ka gaya aur niyativad par likha ek chamatkarik git 'koee lakh kare chaturaee, karam ka lekh mite na bhaee' ki yad aee. pradip se parichay tha hi, at: usaka rikaaurd mngava liya. un bure dinon men yah git rajakapoor ka bahut sahara bana. is git ke prabhav se rajakapoor ko apane man ko niyntran men karane ki kala a gee.

pramukh git

kavi pradip ke pramukh git
git film git film
ai mere vatan ke logon kngan sooni padi re sitar kngan
nacho nacho pyare man ke mor punarmilan sabaramati ke snt jagriti
ham laye hain toofan se jagriti ao bachchon tumhen dikhaen jagriti
chal akela chal akela snbndh chal chal re naujavan bndhan
chane jor garam baboo bndhan piyoo piyoo bol pran papihe bndhan
ruk n sako to jao bndhan khincho kaman khincho anjan
jhoole ke sng jhoolo jhoola n jane kidhar aj meri nav chali re jhoola
main to dilli se dulhan laya re jhoola aj mausam salona salona re jhoola
mere bichhade hue sathi jhoola door hato ai duniya valon hindustan hamara hai kismat
kitana badal gaya insan nastik chalo chalen man jagriti
tere dvar khada bhagavan vaman avatar doosaron ka dukhada door karane vale dashahara
pinjare ke pnchhi re nagamani koee lakh kare chaturaee chndi pooja
insan ka insan se ho bhaeechara paigam o diladar bolo ek bar skool mastar
hay re snjog kya ghadi dikhalaee kabhi dhoop kabhi chhanv chal musafir chal kabhi dhoop kabhi chhanv
dhire dhire are badal kismat papiha re, mere piya se kismat
ghar ghar men divali hai mere ghar men andhera kismat ab tere siva kaun mera kismat
har har mahadev allah-o-akabar chal chal re naujavan ram bharose meri gadi garls skool
oopar gagan vishal mashal kisaki kismat men kya likha mashal
aj eshiya ke logon ka kafila chala kafila koyal bole ku bap beti
kanha bajae bnsari nastik jay jay ram raghuraee nastik
gagan jhnjhana raja nastik tere phoolon se bhi pyar nastik
kahe ko bisara harinam, mati ke putale chakradhari tunnak tunnak bole re mera ikatara ramanavami
nee umr ki kaliyon tumako dekh rahi duniya sari talaq bigul baj raha azadi ka talaq
mere jivan men kiran ban ke talaq mukhada dekh le prani do bahan
o amiron ke parameshvar paigam javani men akelapan paigam
aj suno ham git vida ka ga rahe skool mastar sanvariya re apani mira ko bhool n jana anchal
n jane kahan tum the jindagi aur khvab aj ke is insan ko ye kya ho gaya amar rahe ye pyar
sooraj re jalate rahana harishchndr taramati toot gee hai mala harishchndr taramati
janmabhoomi man netaji subhashachndr bos suno suno desh ke hindoo-musalaman netaji subhashachndr bos
bharat ke lie bhagavan ka ek varadan hai gnga har har gnge ye khushi leke main kya karoon har har gnge
tumako to karodon sal hue snbndh jo diya tha tumane ek din snbndh
andhere men jo baithe ho snbndh sukh duahkh donon rahate kabhi dhoop kabhi chhanv
jay jay narayan narayan hari hari haridarshan prabhu ke bharose hanko gadi haridarshan
marane vala hai bhagavan bachane vala hai bhagavan haridarshan main to arati utaroon re jay sntoshi man
mat ro mat ro aj jay sntoshi man karati hoon tumhara vrat main jay sntoshi man
madad karo sntoshi mata jay sntoshi man yahan vahan jahan tahan jay sntoshi man
he maruti sari ramakatha sakar bajarngabali bnja hoon main ankh ka tara
kavi pradip ke giton se saji filmen
kramank film varsh kramank film varsh
1. kngan 1939 2. bndhan 1940
3. punarmilan 1940 4. anajan 1941
5. jhoola 1941 6. naya snsar 1941
7. kismat 1943 8. chal chal re naujavan 1944
9. kadambari 1944 10. amrapali 1945
11. shikari 1946 12. sati toral 1947
13. virangana 1947 14. garls skool 1949
15. mashal 1950 16. prit ka git 1950
17. chamaki 1950 18. kafila 1952
19. bap-beti 1954 20. nastik 1954
21. jagriti 1954 22. chakradhari 1954
23. vaman avatar 1955 24. basnt pnchami 1955
25. dashahara 1956 26. lalakar 1956
27. ramanavami 1956 28. nagamani 1957
29. chndi pooja 1957 30. talak 1958
31. do bahanen 1959 32. paigam 1959
33. skool mastar 1959 34. anchal 1960
35. amar prem 1960 36. zindagi aur khvab 1961
37. amar rahe ye pyar 1961 38. harishchndr taramati 1963
39. vir bhimasen 1964 40. shriram bharat milap 1965
41 shnkar sita anusooya 1965 42 vir bajarng 1966
43 netaji subhashachndr bos 1966 44 balaram shrikrishn 1966
45 har har gnge 1968 46 sambndh 1969
47 kabhi dhoop kabhi chhanv 1971 48 tulasi vivah 1971
49. hari darshan 1972 50. agni rekha 1973
51. bal mahabharat 1973 52. mahasati savitri 1973
53. kisan aur bhagavan 1974 54. har har mahadev 1974
55. jay sntoshi man 1975 56. raksha bndhan 1976
57. bajarng bali 1976 58. bolo he chakradhari 1977
59. ankh ka tara 1977 60. nagin aur suhagin 1979
61. chhath miya ki mahima 1979 62. krishn sudama 1979
63. krishn bhakt sudama 1980 64. karava chauth 1980
65. baba tarakanath 1980 66. mngalasootr 1981
67. sher shivaji 1981 68. sati aur bhagavan 1982
69. anamol sitare 1982 70. git gnga 1982
71. jay baba amaranath 1983 72. shravan kumar 1984
73. samari 1985 74. rusavaee 1985
75. dilajala 1987 76. shiv gnga 1988

rachanaon ka pakistan men prayog

kavi pradip ki lekhani men ek khasiyat ye thi ki unaki rachanaen kisi varg vishesh ya phir kisi rajanitik vicharadhara se ot-prot nahin thi. yahi karan tha ki pradip ki rachanaen chhote-chhote pherabadal ke sath pakistan ne bhi prayog ki. jaise- film 'jagriti' ka "de di hamen azadi bina khadag bina dhal", ye git pakistan ko itana bhaya ki pakistan ki filmon men ye git kuchh is prakar aya- "yoon di hamen azadi ki duniya huee hairan, e kayade azam tera ehasan hai ehasan." isi prakar "ao bachchon tumhen dikhaen jhanki hindostan ki", git ko pakistan men kuchh aise gaya gaya- "ao bachcho sair karaen tumako pakistan ki." yah pradip ji ki sashakt lekhani ka hi kamal tha ki pakistan ne prabhavit hokar hindi film ‘jagriti’ ka rimek ‘bedari’ bana dala, jo vahan par aj bhi lokapriy hai.[9]

sada vyaktitv

nida fazali kavi pradip ko bataur kavi se adhik ek gitakar ke roop men zyada maqabool manate hain. ve kahate hain- "pradip ji ne bahut hi achchhe rashtriy git likhe hain. yoon samajhie ki unhonne sinema ko zariya banakar am logon ke lie likha. bahut sndur git the vo."

kavi pradip

varishth patrakar jayaprakash chaukase kavi pradip ke sade vyaktitv ke kayal hain. unhen yad karate hue ve kahate hain- "unhonne bahut zyada sahity ka adhyayan nahin kiya tha, vo janmajat kavi the. unhen main deshi thath ka sthaniy kavi kahoonga. yahi unaki asali parichay hai. sadagi bhara jivan jite the. kisi rajanitik vicharadhara ko nahin manate the. jaise sahir ludhiyanavi aur shailendr ke git len to ve kamyunist vicharadhara ke the, lekin pradip ji ne kisi rajanitik vicharadhara ko svikar nahin kiya. bauddhikata ka jama unaki lekhani par nahin tha, jo sochate the vahi likhate the, saral the, yahi unaki khasiyat thi."

beti mitul kahati hain ki "achchhe kavi hone ke sath-sath pradip ji behatarin insan aur pita the." yadon ke jharokhon men jhankate hue ve batati hain ki "jivan men pitaji ki behad chhoti-chhoti aur sundar mange hoti thin- dal, chaval svadisht bana ho, subah chay ke sath akhabar samay par a jae; aur han unaka din subah chhah baje bibisi hindi seva ke samacharon se hota tha. bibisi sunate hi ham samajh jate the ki din ho gaya hai."[10]

shant svabhav

kavi pradip ke samman men jari dak tikat

ek bar mashahoor shayar-gitakar majarooh sultanapuri ne prasiddh sngit nirdeshak aur apane samadhi, naushad ke sath milakar kavi pradip ki lekhani ka majak udaya tha ki "ankh kya balti hai jo usamen pani bharane ki bat likh di hai pradip ne." kavi pradip us par bhi keval muskura die aur koee pratikriya vyakt nahin ki. abhineta ashok kumar unake bare men bahut hnsate hue batate the ki kavi pradip amataur par divar ki or munh karake us par hathon se tal dete hue git sunaya karate the. agar unhen sabake samane munh karake git sunane ke lie kaha jata tha, to ve machis ki dibbi ya mej par tal dete hue gana sunaya karate the. 'oopar gagan vishal’ git sunane ke samay kavi pradip apane hath ko oopar-niche hila-hilakar tanmayata dikhate the. ek snt purush, sidhe-sade, kisi bhi prakar ke dikhave se door rahane vale kavi pradip ke lie main keval itana hi kah sakata hoon ki hindi film jagath men bhavanapoorn sahityik tatha uchch stariy git likhakar kalam ke dhani kavi pradip ne kamal hi kiya.[10]

samman aur puraskar

kavi pradip ko anek samman prapt hue the, jinamen 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' (1961) tatha 'film jarnalist avard' (1963) shamil hain. yadyapi sahityik jagath men pradip ki rachanaon ka moolyankan pichhad gaya tathapi filmon men unake yogadan ke lie bharat sarakar, rajy sarakaren, filmodyog tatha any snsthaen unhen sammanon aur puraskaron se anlakrit karate rahe. unhen sarvashreshth filmi gitakar ka puraskar rashtrapati rajendr prasad dvara diya gaya. 1995 men rashtrapati dvara ‘rashtrakavi’ ki upadhi di gee aur sabase ant men, jab kavi pradik ka ant nikat tha, film jagath men ullekhaniy yogadan ke lie 1998 men bharat ke rashtrapati ke.ar. narayanan dvara pratishthit ‘dada sahab phalke puraskar’ diya gaya.

sushri mitul jab apane bimar pita pradip ko pahiya kursi par bithakar mnch ki or badh rahi thin to haaul men ‘door hato ai duniya valon’ git baj raha tha. sabhi upasthit jan apani jagahon par khade ho ge the. unaki ankhon men ansoo the. rashtrapati ne pahale pradip ke svasthy ke bare men poochha aur phir puraskar pradan kiya. jab ve lautane lage to doosara git baj utha ‘ham lae hain toofan se kashti nikal ke’ log ab bhi khade the aur taliyan bajaye ja rahe the. kavi pradip ka har filmi-gair filmi git arthapoorn hota tha aur jivan ko koee n koee darshan samajha jata tha. khed ka vishay yah hai ki aise mahanh desh bhakt, gitakar evn sngitakar ko bharat sarakar ne ‘bharat ratn’ se sammanit nahin kiya, n hi aj tak un par smarak dak tikat nikala.

nidhan

kavi pradip ne apane jivan men 1700 gane likhe. ‘bndhan’ ke apane git ‘ruk n sako to jao tum’ ko yatharth karate hue 11 sitambar, 1998 ko rashtrakavi pradip ka kainsar se ladate hue 83 varsh ki ayu men nidhan ho gaya. unake marmasparshi giton ke karan log unhen divanagi ki had tak pyar karate the. unake nidhan ke samachar se stabdh hue logon ka sailab vile parle sthit unake avas ‘pnchamrit’ ki or umad pada. arthi uthi to ‘pn. pradip amar rahen’ ke samavet udghosh se poora ilaka tharra gaya. sngit nirdeshak sachin dev barman ne unake git, unaka gayan aur svar snyojan dekhakar kaha tha ki- “tumhen koee ‘aut’ nahin kar sakata.“ pradip mar kar bhi aut nahin hue hain. ve ab apane git ki pnktiyon men amar ho ge hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kavi pradip, ankhen nam kar dene vale 10 behatarin git (hindi) sahadev. abhigaman tithi: 07 pharavari, 2015.
  2. deshabhakti giton ke kavi: pradip (hindi) sahara samay. abhigaman tithi: 08 pharavari, 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 abhar- aha! zindagi, faravari 2015
  4. ek-do ganon ko chhodakar
  5. Odeon (a company of the EMI group)
  6. lakhanoo se gahara rishta tha kavi pradip ka (hindi) aeenekstalaiv. abhigaman tithi: 08 faravari, 2015.
  7. kee sadiyon tak goonjenge pradip ke git (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) hindi midiya in. abhigaman tithi: 30 sitambar, 2012.
  8. kavi pradip: sinema se am jan tak pahunche (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 30 sitambar, 2012.
  9. am adami ki ragon men daudata ek kavi pradip (hindi) avaj. abhigaman tithi: 07 pharavari, 2015.
  10. 10.0 10.1 rashtrakavi pradip-avaj hindustan ki (hindi) thalua klab. abhigaman tithi: 08 pharavari, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah