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अशोक कुमार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg ashok kumar ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- ashok kumar (bahuvikalpi)
ashok kumar
ashok kumar
poora nam kumud kumar ganguli
prasiddh nam ashok kumar
any nam dada muni
janm 13 aktoobar, 1911
janm bhoomi bhagalapur, bihar
mrityu 10 disnbar, 2001
mrityu sthan mumbee
abhibhavak kunjalal ganguli
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr film sngit, abhinay, nirdeshak, nirmata, gitakar
mukhy filmen achhoot kanya, ijjat, savitri, nirmala
shiksha snatak
vidyalay ilahabad vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi dada sahab phalke puraskar, padm bhooshan, sngit natak akadami puraskar, filmafeyar puraskar.
nagarikata bharatiy

ashok kumar (angrezi: Ashok Kumar, janm: 13 aktoobar, 1911, bhagalapur, bihar; mrityu: 10 disnbar, 2000) hindi filmon ke prasiddh abhineta, nirmata-nirdeshak the. ashok kumar ko sanh 1999 men bharat sarakar ne kala ke kshetr men padm bhooshan se sammanit kiya tha. hindi sinema ke yugapurush kumud kumar ganguli urph ashok kumar ko aise abhineta ke roop men yad kiya jata hai jinhonne us samay prachalit thiyetar shaili ko samapt kar abhinay ko svabhavikata pradan ki aur chhah dashakon tak apane behatarin kam se sinepremiyon ko romanchit kiya.[1] ashok kumar ka asali nam kumud ganguli hai. inhen dada muni ke nam se jana jata hai. ashok kumar ne 300 se zyada filmon men abhinay kiya.

jivan parichay

ashok kumar ka janm bihar ke bhagalapur shahar ke adamapur mohalle ke ek madhyam vargiy bngali parivar men hua tha. ashok kumar sabhi bhaee-bahanon men bade the. unake pita kunjalal ganguli madhy pradesh ke khndava men vakil the.gayak evn abhineta kishor kumar evn abhineta anoop kumar unake chhote bhaee the. darasal in donon ko filmon men ane ki prerana bhi ashok kumar se hi mili. ashok kumar ne apani prarnbhik shiksha madhyapradesh ke khndava shahar men prapt ki thi aur bad men ashok kumar ne apani snatak ki shiksha ilahabad vishvavidyalay se poori ki thi. ashok kumar ne abhinay ki prachalit shailiyon ko darakinar kar diya aur apani svabhavik shaili vikasit ki thi. vah kabhi bhi jokhim lene men nahin ghabarae aur pahali bar hindi sinema men enti hiro ki bhoomika ki thi.[1] ashok kumar ne sanh 1934 men nyoo thietar men bataur leboretri asistent ke roop men kam kiya tha.

ashok, anoop aur kishor kumar ne 'chalati ka nam gadi' men kam kiya. is kaaumedi film men bhi ashok kumar ne bade bhaee ki bhoomika nibhaee thi. film men madhubala ne bhi kam kiya tha. kishor kumar ne apane kee sakshatkaron men yah bat svikar ki thi ki unhen n keval abhinay balki gane ki prerana bhi ashok kumar se mili thi kyonki ashok kumar ne bachapan men unake bhitar balagiton ke jarie gayan ke snskar dale the.[2]

abhinay ki shuruat

film jagath men dadamuni ke nam se lokapriy ashok kumar ke abhinay saphar ki shuruat kisi filmi kahani se kam nahin thi. 1936 men banbe taaukij stoodiyo ki film 'jivan naiya' ke abhineta achanak bimar ho ge aur knpani ko ne kalakar ki talash thi. aisi sthiti men stoodiyo ke malik himanshu ray ki nazar akarshak vyaktitv ke dhani laiboretari asistent ashok kumar par padi aur unase abhinay karane ka prastav diya tha. yahin se unake abhinay ka safar shuroo ho gaya. unaki agali film 'achhoot kanya' thi. 1937 men pradarshit film achhoot kanya men devika rani unaki nayika thin. yah film kamayab rahi aur usane dadamuni ko bade sitaron ki shreni men sthapit kar diya. us zamane ke lihaz se yah mahattvapoorn film thi aur isi ke sath samajik samasyaon par adharit filmon ki shuruat huee. devika rani ke sath unhonne age bhi kee filmen ki jinamen 'ijjat', 'savitri', 'nirmala' adi shamil hain. isake bad unaki jodi lila chitanis ke sath bani.[1]

saphalata

ek star ke roop men ashok kumar ki chhavi 1943 men aee 'qismat' film se bani. parde par sigaret ka dhuna udate ashok kumar ne ram ki chhavi vale nayak ke us daur men is film ke jarie enti hiro ke patr ko nibhane ka jokhim uthaya. yah jokhim unake lie behad fayademnd sabit hua aur is film ne saphalata ke kee kirtiman banae. usi dashak men unaki ek aur film mahal aee, jisamen madhubala thin. romanchak film mahal ko bhi behad kamayabi mili. bad ke dinon men jab hindi sinema men dilip, dev aur raj ki tikadi ki lokapriyata charam par thi, us samay bhi unaka abhinay logon ke sar chadhakar bolata raha aur unaki filmen kamayab hoti rahin. apane daur ki any abhinetriyon ke sath-sath ashok kumar ne mina kumari ke sath bhi kee filmon men abhinay kiya jinamen pakiza, bahoo begam, ek hi rasta, bndish, arati adi shamil hain.[2] ashok kumar ke abhinay ki charcha unaki ashirvad film ke bina adhoori hi rahegi. is film men unhonne ekadam ne tarah ke patr ko nibhaya. is film men unaka gaya git relagadi relagadi.. kafi lokapriy hua tha.

ashok kumar ka filmi safar[3]
varsh film nayika nirdeshak
1936 jivan naiya devika rani franj astin
janmabhoomi devika rani franj astin
achhoot kanya devika rani franj astin
1937 savitri devika rani franj astin
prem kahani maya devi franj astin
izzat devika rani franj astin
1938 vachan devika rani franj astin
nirmala devika rani franj astin
1939 kngan lila chitanis -
1940 bndhan lila chitanis en. ar.achary
azad lila chitanis en. ar.achary
1941 naya snsar lila chitanis en. ar.achary
jhoola lila chitanis gyan mukharji
anjan devika rani amiya chakravarti
1943 nazama vina mahaboob khan
qismat mumataz shanti gyan mukharji
angoothi chandr prabha bi. mitra
1944 chal chal re naujavan nasim bano gyan mukharji
kiran lila chitanis jagiradar
1945 humayoon vina mahaboob khan
begam nasim bano sushil majoomadar
1946 shikari vina savak vacha
et dez - -
1947 chandrashekhar kanan devi devaki bos
sajan rehana kishor sahoo
1948 padamini mumataj
1949 mahal madhubala kamal amarohi
1950 adhi rat nargis es.ke. ojha
sngram nalini jayavnt gyan mukharji
mashal sumitra devi nitin bos
nishana madhubala vajahat mirza
samadhi nalini jayavnt ramesh sahagal
khiladi suraiya ar.si. talavar
1951 didar nargis nitin bos
afasana vina bi. ar. chopada
1952 poonam kamini kaushal em. sadik
tamasha mina kumari phani majoomadar
saloni nalini jayavnt je.pi. adavani
betab nasim bano harabns
bevafa nargis em.el. annd
rag rng gita bali digvijay
nau bahar nalini jayavnt annd kumar
kafila nalini jayavnt aravind sen
jalapari nalini jayavnt mohan sinha
1953 shole bina ray -
shamashir bhanumati gyan mukharji
parinita mina kumari vimal ray
1954 nagama nadira nakshab
samaj shashikala vasnt jogalekar
lakiren nalini jayavnt harabns
badaban mina kumari phani majoomadar
1955 bndish mina kumari satyen bos
saradar bina ray gyan mukharji
1956 inspektar gita bali shakti samnt
ek hi rasta mina kumari bi. ar. chopada
shatarnj mina kumari gyan mukharji
bhaee bhaee nirupa ray em.bi.raman
jivanasathi oosha kiran ar.es.tara
1957 mistar eks nalini jayavnt nanabhaee bhatt
ustad anjali devi nanabhaee bhatt
bndi bina ray satyen bos
talash bina ray vishram bedekar
ek sal madhubala devendr goyal
sheroo nalini jayavnt shakti samnt
1958 savera mina kumari satyen bos
chalati ka nam gadi madhubala satyen bos
havada brij madhubala shakti samnt
sitaron ke age vaijaynti mala satyen bos
ragini padmini rakhan
nait klab kamini kaushal naresh sahagal
karigar nirupa ray vasnt jogalekar
laitahaus nootan ji.pi sippi
farishta mina kumari ravindr dave
1959 bedard zamana kya jane nirupa ray baboobhaee mistri
kngan nirupa ray nanabhaee bhatt
nee rahen gita bali brij sadana
daka nirupa ray nanabhaee bhatt
bap bete shyama raja paranjape
dhool ka phool mala sinha yash chopada
nachaghar shobha khote ar.es. tara
1960 kalpana - -
hauspital - -
qanoon - -
kala adami - -
anchal - -
masoom - -
1961 dark strit - -
varnt - -
phlait nambar 9 - -
dharmaputr - -
1962 rakhi - -
nakali navab - -
ummid - -
praivet sekretari - -
mehendi lagi mere hath - -
isi ka nam duniya - -
barma rod - -
arati - -
1963 aj aur kal - -
mere mahaboob - -
meri soorat teri ankhen - -
gumarah - -
ustadon ke ustad - -
ye raste hain pyar ke - -
grihasthi - -
bandini - -
1964 dooj ka chand - -
phoolon ki sej - -
benazir - -
pooja ke phool - -
chitralekha - -
kraausarods - -
1965 chand aur sooraj - -
bahoo beti - -
akashadip - -
naya qanoon - -
oonche log - -
bhigi rat - -
adhi rat ke bad - -
1966 mamata - -
dadi man - -
ye zindagi kitani hasin hai - -
toofan men pyar kahan - -
afasana - -
1967 meharaban - -
nee roshani - -
bahoo begam - -
jvailathiph - -
1968 abaroo - -
dil aur mohabbat - -
sadhoo aur shaitan - -
ek kali muskaee - -
ashirvad - -
1969 ansoo ban gaye phool - -
do bhaee - -
paisa ya pyar - -
intaqam - -
bhaee bahan - -
pyar ka sapana - -
aradhana - -
satyakam - -
1970 javab - ramanna
sharafat - asit sen
man aur mamata - asit sen
poorab aur pashchim - manoj kumar
1971 adhikar - es.em. sagar
naya zamana - pramod chakravarti
door ka rahi - kishor kumar
pakiza - kamal amarohi
kngan - ke.bi.tilak
gnga tera pani amrit - virendr sinha
ham tum aur vo - shiv kumar
guddi - rishikesh mukharji
ummid - nitin bos
safar - -
1972 dil daulat duniya - pi. es. aroda
rakhi aur hathakadi - es.em. sagar
rani mera nam - ke.es.ar.das
sa re ga ma pa - satyen bos
viktoriya nambar 203 - brij sadana
malik - e.bhim sinh
saza - chand
garam masala - -
zamin asaman - e. virappan
anurag - shakti samnt
zindagi zindagi - tapan sinha
1973 hifazat - ke.es.ar.das
taiksi draivar - mohammad husain
bada kabootar - deven varma
do phool - es. ramanathan
dhundh - bi. ar. chopada
1974 khoon ki kimat - shiboo mitra
paise ki gudiya - brij sadana
badhati ka nam dadhi - kishor kumar
ujala hi ujala - es.em. sagar
prem nagar - ke.es.prakash rav
dulhan - si.vi.rajendran
do ankhen - ajay vishvas
1975 akraman - je.omaprakash
ek mahal ho sapanon ka - devendr goyal
chori mera kam - brij sadana
mili - rishikesh mukharji
chhoti si bat - basu chaitarji
ulajhan - raghunath jhalani
dafa 302 - chand
1976 bhnvar - bhappi soni
haraphan maula - es.em. sagar
ek se badhakar ek - brij sadana
shnkar dada - shiboo mitra
sntan - mohan sahagal
arjun pndit - rishikesh mukharji
mazadoor jindabad - naresh kumar
ap biti - mohan kumar
rngila ratan - es. ramanathan
barood - pramod chakravarti
1977 anurodh - shakti samnt
drim garl - pramod chakravarti
prayashchit - kamal majoomadar
chala murari hiro banane - asarani
hira aur patthar - vijay bhatt
mastan dada - satyen bos
anand ashram - shakti samnt
jadoo tona - ravikant nagaich
safed jhooth - basoo chaitarji
1978 khatta mitha - basoo chaitarji
tumhare liye - basoo chaitarji
apana qanoon - bi. subhash
do musafir - devendr goyal
chor ke ghar chor - vijay sadana
premi gngaram - -
anamol tasvir - satyen bos
phool khile hain gulashan gulashan - sikndar khanna
dil aur divar - ke.bapayya
1979 bagula bhagat - haramesh malhotra
janata havaladar - mahamood
amar dip - ke.vijayan
1980 sau din sas ke - -
judaee - ti. ramarav
khoobasoorat - -
jyoti bane jvala - -
akhiri insaph - -
khvab - -
sajan mere main sajan ki - -
ap ke divane - -
takkar - -
nazarana pyar ka - -
1981 jay yatra - -
mahafil - -
man gaye ustad - -
shauqin - -
jyoti - -
1982 dayal 100 - -
chalati ka nam zindagi - -
snbndh - -
shakti - -
mehndi rng layegi - -
dard ka rishta - -
anokha bndhan - -
1983 mahan - es. ramanathan
kaya palat - -
lav in goa - -
hadasa - akabar khan
chor pulis - -
prem tapasya - dasari narayan rav
bekarar - -
pasand apani apani - basu chaitarji
takadir - -
1984 duniya - ramesh talavar
farishta - sunil siknd
ram tera desh - svaroop kumar
ham log - -
raja aur rana - shiboo mitra
akalamnd - raj bharat
grihasthi - prashant nnda
ham rahe na ham - ketan annd
1985 ek dakoo shahar men - kalidas
durga - shiboo mitra
phir aee barasat - krishna nayadoo
bhago bhoot aya - jay prakash karnataki
pharj ki kimat - sudhir vahi
tavayaf - bi. ar. chopada
1986 bhim bhavani - -
pyar kiya hai pyar karenge - vijay reddi
intaqam ki ag - shiv kumar
amma - jiten
dahaliz - -
katl - ar. ke. nayyar
asali nakali - -
shatru - pramod chakravati
1987 avam - bi. ar. chopada
hifazat - prayag raj
vo din ayega - satyen bos
vatan ke rakhavale - ti. ramarav
pyar ki jit - savan kumar
mistar indiya - shekhar kapoor
javab ham denge - vijay reddi
suparamain - -
1988 faisala - -
bharat ek khoj - -
intakam - rajakumar kohali
1989 mamata ki chhanv men - manoj kumar
klark - rajakumar bos
anajane rishte - dalajit sinh
dana pani - deven varma
sachchaee ki takat - ti. ramarav
mazaboor - ti. ramarav
1991 maut ki saza - -
adhi mimansa - -
1992 hamala - en. chndra
1993 ansoo bane angare - -
1994 yoon hi kabhi - kumar bhatiya
1995 jamala ho jamala - -
mera damad - -
1996 ritarn aauph jvailathiph - ashok tyagi
dushman duniya ka - mahamood
bekaboo - -
1997 ankhon men tum ho - asim samnt

charitr abhineta

ashok kumar ne bad ke jivan men charitr abhineta ki bhoomikaen nibhani shuroo kar di thin. in bhoomikaon men bhi ashok kumar ne jivnt abhinay kiya. ashok kumar gnbhir hi nahin hasy abhinay men bhi maharath rakhate the. viktoriya nnbar 203 film ho ya shauqin, ashok kumar ne har kiradar men kuchh naya paida karane ka prayas kiya. umr badhane ke sath hi unhonne sahayak aur charitr abhineta ka kiradar nibhana shuroo kar diya lekin unake abhinay ki tajagi qayam rahi. aisi filmon men qanoon, chalati ka nam gadi, chhoti si bat, mili, khoobasoorat, gumarah, ek hi rasta, bndini, mamata adi shamil hain.[1] unhonne vilen ki bhi bhoomika ki. dev annd ki jvail thif men unhonne vilen ki bhoomika ki thi.

film nirman

pachas ke dashak me bambe taaukij se alag hone ke bad unhonne apani khud ki knpani shuroo ki aur joopitar thietar ko bhi kharid liya. ashok kumar prodakshan ke bainar tale unhonne sabase pahali film samaj ka nirman kiya, lekin yah film baauks aphis par buri tarah asaphal rahi. isake bad unhonen apane bainar tale film parinita bhi banaee. lagabhag tin varsh ke bad film nirman kshetr men ghata hone ke karan unhonne apani prodakshan knpani bnd kar di. 1953 men pradarshit film 'parinita' ke nirman ke dauran film ke nirdeshak bimal ray ke sath unaki anaban ho gee thi. jisake karan unhonne bimal ray ke sath kam karana bnd kar diya, lekin abhinetri nootan ke kahane par ashok kumar ne ek bar phir se bimal raauy ke sath 1963 men pradarshit film bndini men kam kiya. yah film hindi film ke itihas men aj bhi klasik filmon men shumar ki jati hai. 1967 men pradarshit film 'jvailathif' men ashok kumar ke abhinay ka naya roop darshako ko dekhane ko mila. is film men vah apane sine kairiyar me pahali bar khalanayak ki bhoomika men dikhaee die. is film ke jarie bhi unhonne darshakon ka bharapoor manornjan kiya. abhinay men aee ekarupata se bachane aur svny ko charitr abhineta ke roop me bhi sthapit karane ke lie ashok kumar ne khud ko vibhinn bhoomikaon men pesh kiya. inamen 1968 men pradarshit film 'arshivad' khas taur par ullekhaniy hai. film men bemisal abhinay ke lie unako sarvashreshth abhineta ke rashtriy puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya. is film men unaka gaya gana rel gadi-rel gadi bachchon ke bich kafi lokapriy hua.

any visheshataen

'dadamuni' matalab bade bhaee ke nam se mashahoor ashok kumar ek behatarin chitrakar, shatarnj khiladi, ek homyopaith v kee bhashaon ke gyata bhi the. unhonne kee filmon men svayn gane bhi gae. film hi nahin ashok kumar ne tivi men bhi kam kiya. bharat ke pahale sop opera 'ham log' men unhonne sootradhar ki bhoomika nibhaee. sootradhar ke roop men ashok kumar 'ham log' ke ek abhinn ang ban ge. darshak akhir men ki jane vali unaki tippani ka intazar karate the kyonki vah tippani ko har bar alag tarike se doharate the. isake alava unhonne akhiri mugal badashah bahadur shah jafar ke jivan par adharit dharavahik men bhi behatarin bhoomika nibhaee.[2]

puraskar

ashok kumar ko filmi saphar men kee puraskaron se navaza gaya aur qarib chhah dashak tak bemisal abhinay se darshakon ko romanchit kiya.

san puraskar
1959 sngit natak akadami puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.
1962 rakhi film ke lie unhen sarvashreshth abhineta ka filmafeyar puraskar mila tha.
1967 afasana film ke lie sahayak abhineta ka filmafeyar puraskar mila tha.
1969 ashirvad film ke lie unhen sarvashreshth abhineta ka filmafeyar puraskar mila tha.
1969 ashirvad film ke lie unhen sarvashreshth abhineta ke lie rashtriy film puraskar mila tha.
1988 dada saheb phalke puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.
1994 star skrin laiphataim achivament puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.
1995 filmafeyar laiphataim echivament avard se sammanit kiya gaya.
1999 padm bhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya.
2001 uttar pradesh sarakar dvara avadh samman diya gaya.
2007 star skrin ki taraf se "vishesh puraskar" puraskar se samman diya gaya.

mrityu

qarib chhah dashak tak bemisal abhinay se darshakon ko romanchit karane vale dadamuni ashok kumar 10 disnbar 2001 ko is duniya ko alavida kah ge. vah aj bhale hi hamare bich nahin ho lekin vah qarib 275 filmon ki aisi virasat chhod ge hain jo hamesha-hamesha ke lie darshakon ko sochane, gudagudane aur romanchit karane ke lie paryapt hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 yugapurush the dadamuni urph ashok kumar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) yahoo jagaran. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 sahaj abhinay ke paryay the ashok kumar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) yahoo jagaran. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  3. abhar- pnjab kesari

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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