कपिला वात्स्यायन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kapila vatsyayan
daau. kapila vatsyayan
poora nam daau. kapila vatsyayan
janm 25 disambar, 1928
janm bhoomi dilli
mrityu 16 sitnbar, 2020
mrityu sthan dilli
abhibhavak pita- ramalal

mata- satyavati malik

pati/patni sachchidanand hiranand vatsyayan 'agyey'
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhak, kala-snskriti vidvan
puraskar-upadhi padm vibhooshan, sngit natak akadami puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh 'indira gandhi rashtriy kala kendr' ki pratham adhyaksh
any janakari bharatiy nrity, shilp men nrity chhaviyon, natyashastr aur prakriti par kapila vatsyayan ki kitaben mahatvapoorn mani jati hain. unhonne hindi men jayadev ke ‘git govind’ ka sundar anuvad bhi kiya.
daau. kapila vatsyayan (angrezi: Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan, janm: 25 disambar, 1928, dilli; mrityu- 16 sitnbar, 2020, dilli) bharatiy kala ki pramukh vidvanh thin. 'padm vibhooshan' se sammanit aur rajyasabha ki bhootapoorv manonit sadasya kapita vatsyayan prasiddh sahityakar sachchidanand hiranand vatsyayan agyey ki patni thin. vah 'indira gandhi rashtriy kala kendr' ki pratham adhyaksh thin. sath ke dashak se kapila vatsyayan apane pati se alag hokar ekaki jivan vyatit kar rahi thin. unhonne sahity, kala aur snskriti ke snvardhan men apana poora jivan laga diya tha.

parichay

kapila vatsyayan ka janm 25 disnbar, 1928 ko ek jagarook parivar men hua tha. pita ramalal jane-mane vakil the aur mata satyavati malik achchhi lekhak aur kala-sngit-premi thi. yah parivar azadi ke sngharsh se bhi gahare juda tha aur us vaqt ke kee pramukh hindi lekhak unake ghar men hone vali goshthiyon men sharik hote the.

shiksha

kapila vatsyayan ne dilli vishvavidyalay se angrezi men eme aur phir mishigan se itihas men bhi eme kiya aur bad men banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men vasudev sharan agraval jaise vidvan ke nirdeshan men vishesh chhatr ke taur par itihas, puratattv aur vastukala men shodh kiya. prasiddh hindi sahityakar sachchidannd hirannd vatsyayan 'agyey' se vivah bhi unake jivan ki ek ullekhaniy ghatana thi. lekin yah bndhan sirf terah sal 1956 se 1969 tak bana raha. vichchhed hone ke bad kapila ji agyey ke nidhan (1987) ke bad hi unake ghar gayin. kapila vatsyayan ne achchhan maharaj se kathak sikhane ke alava bharatanatyam, manipuri aur adhunik pashchimi nrityon ki bhi shiksha li.[1]

kathak to unhonne bachapan se hi shuroo kar diya tha. ek batachit men unhonne kaha tha ki- "mujhe yad hai, das varsh ki umr men mainne ardhanarishvar kiya tha. phir mujhe achchhan maharaj ne bulaya. nirmala joshi ne mujhe un jaise mahan guru ke pair chhoone ko kaha. unhonne kaha bahut achchha nachi ho, lekin talim ki zaroorat hai."

snskrit ka adhyayan

prachin -roopon aur puratatv ko samajhane ke lie kapila ji ne snskrit ka adhyayan bhi kiya. unake junoon ka karan yah tha ki ve sabhi paramparaon ke sar-tatv ko samajhana aur unaki ekasootrata khojana chahati thin. svadhinata milane ke bad apani snskriti ki pahachan ki yah ek svabhavik koshish thi. kapila ji ne ek batachit men kaha tha ki- "bhale hi ham nadan rahe hon, lekin ham poori tarah se adarshavadi the aur us desh ki avadharana ke prati samarpit the jisane hal hi men azadi payi thi. hamare samane kuchh adarsh the. meri man aur kamala devi chattopadhyay aur kuchh doosare log."

anuvad kary

bharatiy nrity, shilp men nrity chhaviyon, natyashastr aur prakriti par kapila vatsyayan ki kitaben mahatvapoorn mani jati hain. unhonne hindi men jayadev ke ‘git govind’ ka sundar anuvad bhi kiya. unhen hindi sahity se bhi gahara lagav tha aur bahut achchhi hindi janati thin. khas bat yah hai ki prachinata ko vishleshit karate hue unaki drishti men kahin snkirnata nahin thi, balki parnpara ko adhunik dhng se dekhane ka agrah tha. ve bharatiy nrity ke lasy ang ko jitana pasnd karati thin utana hi adhunik pashchimi nrity kala ki himayati bhi thin. unaka kahana tha ki ‘pashchimi nrity ne mujhe apane sharir ko samajhane ki drishti di.’

rashtr ke prati seva

kapila vatsyayan rashtr ke prati apani sevaon tatha snskriti, kala tatha shiksha ke kshetr men ek asadharan vyaktitv thin. vishesh roop se adivasi kala ke kshetr men unake yogadan aur samarpan ke boote ve apane ap men ek snstha ban gee thin. isake lie unhen padm vibhooshan ka rashtriy alnkaran mila. kapila vatsyayan ne bharatiy snskriti ko jivnt rakha jisase sabhyata majaboot huee. ve ek mahanh karmayogi thin, jo hriday ki poori bhavana ke sath kam karati thin. any kee snsthaon ke alava desh ki bahut badi snstha ‘indira gandhi rashtriy kala kendr’ sthapit karane ka shrey daau. kapila vatsyayan ko jata hai. vibhinn kshetron men unake sarahaniy yogadan ko dekhate hue unhen rajyasabha ke lie manonit kiya gaya tha.

daau. kapila vatsyayan ne apana kariyar shikshan vyavasay se shuroo kiya lekin unake vyapak gyan aur anubhav ko dekhate hue unhen shiksha aur snskriti mntralay men le liya gaya. jis samay shiksha ki suvidhaen prarnbhik star par thin, us samay kapila vatsyayan ne shiksha suvidhaon ke vistar men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya. unako daau. es. radhakrishnan, daau. jakir husain, pndit javaharalal neharoo, daau. keel shrimali, pro. vikearavi rav, daau. si. di. deshamukh, maulana abul kalam azaddaau. karn sinh, indira gandhi tatha rajiv gandhi jaisi mahanh hastiyon ke[2]

snsthapak nideshak

shayad pupul jayakar ke bad kapila vatsyayan doosari aisi hasti thin, jinhen kala-snskriti ko snchalit aur vikasit karane vali snsthaon men kam karane ke bahut avasar mile. ve sarakar men uchch sanskritik padon par rahin, do bar rajy sabha ki sadasy manonit hueen aur jab 1985 men tab ke pradhanamntri rajiv gandhi ne apani man ki smriti men 'indira gandhi rashtriy kala kendr' ki sthapana ki to kapila ji ko usaka snsthapak nideshak banaya gaya. kala kendr ke is vishal parisar ko bahut mahattvakankshi uddeshyon ke sath kala-snskriti ke shastriy aur lok roopon ke vikas aur unake antarsnbndhon ke anusndhan, pradarshan aur vikas ke lie shuroo kiya gaya tha. vah lambe samay tak thoda-bahut sakriy raha, phir kapila vatsyayan ne sarakari hastakshep badhane ke karan tyagapatr de diya.

puraskar v samman

kapila vatsyayan ka 91 varsh ka jivan ek saphal jivan ki misal mana ja sakata hai. unhen bharat sarakar ka doosara sabase bada alnkaran ‘padm vibhooshan’ prapt hua, sngit natak akadami aur lalit kala akadami ki sabase pramukh pheloship milin aur indiya intaraneshanal sentar ke ajivan nyasi hone ke sath-sath ve usake eshiya projekt ki adhyaksh bhi rahin. isake alava bhi unhen bahut se puraskaron se sammanit kiya gaya. snskrit ke kshetr ki bahut-si snsthaon ki sthapana ka shrey bhi unhen diya jata hai aur kathak guru birajoo maharaj ko ve kathak kendr ke nideshak pad par laee thin. is sabake bavajood unake vyaktitv men ahnkar ka bhav nahin tha. kala vidhaon par bazar aur pashchimikaran ke badhate asar ko lekar bhi unake man men kee snshay the. unhin ke shabdon men-

"kalakar ko (isase) saphalata milati hai aur yah bahut achchhi bat hai, lekin bada saval yah hai ki isase kala ka kya hota hai… yad rahe ki ham ek snkat se guzar rahe hain. ham men se kee log nrity men bahut pravin hain, lekin kala men pran phoonkana ek mushkil kam hai."

mrityu

kapila vatsyayan ki mrityu 16 sitnbar, 2020 ko dilli men huee. snskriti mntri prahlad sinh patel ne tvit kar kaha, ‘padm vibhooshan daau. kapila vatsyayan ke nidhan ka samachar mila main andar se du:khi hua. daauktar vatsyayan ka snskriti mntralay ke vibhinn snsthaon men mahatvapoorn yogadan raha. main unhen vinamr shraddhanjali arpit karata hoon.’[3]

lokasabha adhyaksh om birala ne tvit kar kaha, ‘padm vibhooshan se sammanit desh ki prakhyat kalavid evn rajy sabha ki poorv sadasy shrimati kapila vatsyayan ji ka nidhan kala jagat ke lie apooraniy kshati hai. ve snskriti, kala, vastu tatha itihas ki vidushi thin. eeshvar divngat atma ko apane shri charanon men sthan den. bhavabhini shraddhanjali.’

lekhak prabhat rnjan ne bhi tvit kar kaha, ‘bharatiy kalamarmgy kapila vatsyayan ka nidhan ho gaya. kee karyakramon men unako dekha tha. unaki upasthiti ka apana hi alok hota tha. unaki ek kitab padhi thi ‘paramparik bharatiy rngamnch: annt dharaen’, anuvad badiuzzama ne kiya hai. bharat ki annt parampara ki sadhika annt men vilin ho gee. sadar naman!’


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. alavida, kapila vatsyayan (hindi) satyahindi.com. abhigaman tithi: 17 sitnbar, 2020.
  2. apane ap men ek snstha hain daau. kapila : hudda (hindi) dainik tribyoon. abhigaman tithi: 15 mee, 2013.
  3. kala jagat ki mashahoor skaaular kapila vatsyayan ka 91 varsh ki ayu men nidhan (hindi) hindi.theprint.in. abhigaman tithi: 17 sitnbar, 2020.

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