गंगूबाई हंगल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gngoobaee hngal
gngoobaee hngal
prasiddh nam gngoobaee hngal
janm 5 march 1913
janm bhoomi dharavad, karnatak
mrityu 21 julaee 2009
abhibhavak chikkurav nadigar, ambabaee
pati/patni gururav kaulagi
sntan 2 putr aur 1 putri
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shastriy gayan
vishay shastriy sngit
puraskar-upadhi 'karnatak sngit nrity akadami puraskar', 'padmabhooshan', 'sngit natak akadami puraskar', 'sngit natak akadami ki sadasyata', 'dinanath pratishthan', 'manik ratn puraskar', 'padmavibhooshan'.
prasiddhi bhairav, asavari, todi, bhimapalasi, puriya, dhanashri, marava, kedar aur chndrakauns ragon ki gayaki ke liye sabase adhik vahavahi mili.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 1945 ke pashchath unhonne up-shastriy shaili men gana bnd kar keval shuddh shastriy shaili men ragon ko hi gana jari rakha.

gngoobaee hngal (angrezi: Gangubai Hangal, janm: 5 march 1913 - mrityu: 21 julaee 2009) bharat ki prasiddh khayal gayika thin. bharatiy shastriy sngit ke kirana gharane ka pratinidhitv karane vali gngoobaee hngal ne jatiy badhaon ko par kar sngit kshetr men adhe se adhik sadi tak apana yogadan diya. uttari karnatak ke dharavad jile ne hindustani sngit ke kshetr men desh ko kee nami girami nam die. inamen bharat ratn pndit bhimasen joshi, pnchakshri gavee, pndit puttarajoo gavee, pndit savee gndharv tatha pndit kumar gndharv shamil hain.[1]

"agar ek musalaman sngitgy ho to use ustad kaha jata hai, agar vah hindoo ho to use pndit kaha jata hai. parantu kesarabaee tatha mogubaee jaisi sngit vidushiyan keval baee hi rah jati hain." -gngoobaee

jivan parichay

gngoobaee ka janm 5 march 1913 ko karnatak ke dharavad shahar men ek devadasi parivar men hua. unake pitaji chikkurav nadigar ek krishak the tatha man ambabaee karnatak shaili ki shastriy gayika thin. bachapan men vah dharavad ke shukravarapit namak jagah men rahate the, jo moolatah ek brahman pradhan kshetr tha. un dinon jativad bahut prabal tha. unaka brahmanon ke ghar pravesh nishedh tha. apani jivani men gngubaee batatin hain- 'mujhe yad hai ki bachapan men kis prakar mujhe dhikkarit hona pada tha jab main ek brahman padosi ke bagiche se am todati huee pakadi gee thi. unhen apatti is se nahin thi ki mainne unake bag se am tode, balki unhen apatti thi ki kshudr jati ki ek ladaki ne unake bagiche men ghusane ka dussahas kaise kiya? ashchary ki bat yah hai ki ab vahi log mujhe apane ghar davat par bulate hain."[2]

shiksha

1928 men unaki prathamik skooli shiksha samapt hone par unaka parivar hubali shahar men rahane lage jahan ke 'krishnachary sngit akadami' men unaki shastriy sngit ki shiksha prarambh huee.

parivar

gngoobaee 1929 men 16 varsh ki ayu men devadasi parampara ke antargat apane yajaman gururav kaulagi ke sath bndhan men bndh geen. parntu gururav ka sath unake bhagy men adhik samay ke lie n raha. 4 varsh bad hi gururav ki mrityu ho gee tatha ve apane pichhe gngubaee ke sath 2 suputr aur 1 suputri chhod ge. unhen kabhi apane gahane to kabhi ghar ke bartan tak bech kar apane bachchon ka lalan-palan karana pada.

sngit sadhana

gngoobaee men sngit ke prati janmajat lagav tha aur yah us vakt dikhaee padata tha jab apane bachapan ke dinon men vah gramophon sunane ke lie sadak par daud padati thin aur us avaz ki nakal karane ki koshish karati thin. apani beti men sngit ki pratibha ko dekhakar gngoobaee ki sngitgy man ne karnatak sngit ke prati apane lagav ko door rakh diya. unhonne yah sunishchit kiya ki unaki beti sngit kshetr ke ech. krishnachary jaise diggaj aur kirana ustad savaee gndharv se sarvashreshth hindustani shastriy sngit sikhe.

gngoobaee ne apane guru savaee gndharv ki shikshaon ke bare men ek bar kaha tha mere guruji ne yah sikhaya ki jis tarah se ek knjoos apane paison ke sath vyavahar karata hai. usi tarah sur ka istemal karo...taki shrota rag ki har bariki ke mahatv ko samaksh sake.

sngit ke prati gngoobaee ka itana lagav tha ki kndagol sthit apane guru ke ghar tak pahunchane ke liye vah 30 kilomitar ki yatra tren se poori karati thi aur isake age paidal hi jati thi. yahan unhonne bharat ratn se sammanit pndit bhimasen joshi ke sath sngit ki shiksha li. kirana gharane ki parnpara ko barakar rakhane vali gngoobaee is gharane aur isase judi shaili ki shuddhata ke sath kisi tarah ka samajhauta kie jane ke paksh men nahin thi. gngoobaee ko bhairav, asavari, todi, bhimapalasi, puriya, dhanashri, marava, kedar aur chndrakauns ragon ki gayaki ke liye sabase adhik vahavahi mili. unhonne ek bar kaha tha main ragon ko dhire-dhire age badhane aur ise dhire-dhire kholane ki himayati hoon taki shrota utsukata se agale charan ka intazar kare.[3]

sngit yatra

gngoobaee ne kabhi har nahin mani tatha apane sngit ke path par atal rahakar apane lie hindustani shastriy sngit ke diggajon men jagah banaee. varsh 1945 tak unhonne khayal, bhajan tatha thumariyon par adharit desh bhar ke alag-alag shaharon men kee sarvajanik prastutiyan din. ve aaul indiya rediyo men bhi ek niyamit avaz thin. isake atirikt gngoobaee bharat ke kee utsavon-mahotsavon men gayan ke liye bulaee jatin thin. khasakar mumbee ke ganeshotsav men to ve vishesh ruchi letin thin. 1945 ke pashchath unhonne up-shastriy shaili men gana bnd kar keval shuddh shastriy shaili men ragon ko hi gana jari rakha.

puraskar

Blockquote-open.gif "agar ek musalaman sngitgy ho to use ustad kaha jata hai, agar vah hindoo ho to use pndit kaha jata hai. parantu kesarabaee tatha mogubaee jaisi sngit vidushiyan keval baee hi rah jati hain." Blockquote-close.gif

- gngoobaee[4]

gngoobaee hngal ko karnatak rajy se tatha bharat sarakar se kee samman v puraskar prapt hue. varsh 1962 men karnatak sngit nrity akadami puraskar, 1971 men padmabhooshan, 1973 men sngit natak akadami puraskar, 1996 men sngit natak akadami ki sadasyata, 1997 men dinanath pratishthan, 1998 men manik ratn puraskar tatha varsh 2002 men unhen padmavibhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya. ve kee varshon tak karnatak vishvavidyalay men sngit ki pracharya rahin.

nidhan

varsh 2006 men unhonne apane sngit ke safar ki 75vin varshaganth manate hue apani antim sarvajanik prastuti di tatha 21 julaee 2009 ko 96 varsh ki ayu men ve hriday ka daura padane se annt men vilin ho geen. unake nidhan ke sath sngit jagath ne hindustani shastriy sngit ke us yug ko door jate hue dekha, jisane shuddhata ke sath apana snbndh banaya tha aur yah manyata hai ki sngit eeshvar ke sath antarasnvad hai jo har badha ko par kar jati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gngoobaee ko sngit premiyon ne di antim bidaee (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2012.
  2. sur sngam men shraddhanjali 'gngubaee hngal' ko (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2012.
  3. chunautiyon se ladakar gngoobaee ne di sngit ko nee pahachan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2012.
  4. sur sngam men shraddhanjali 'gngubaee hngal' ko (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2012.

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