बड़े ग़ुलाम अली ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bade gulam ali khan
bade gulam ali khan
poora nam bade gulam ali khan
janm 2 apral, 1902
janm bhoomi kesur ganv, lahaur, pakistan
mrityu 25 apral, 1968
mrityu sthan haidarabad, andhr pradesh
abhibhavak ali bakhsh khan
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr hindustani shastriy gayak
vishay sngit
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan aur sngit natak akadami puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari dil ko chhoo jane vali avaz ke malik ustad bade gulam ali khan ne naveli shaili ke zarie thumari ko nee ab aur tab di.

ustad bade gulam ali khan (angrezi: Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, janm: 2 apral, 1902 - mrityu: 25 aprail, 1968) ki ganana bharat ke mahanatam gayakon v sngitgyon men ki jati hai. ve vilakshan madhur svar ke svami the. inake gayan ko sunakar shrota apani sudh-budh khokar kuchh samay ke lie svayn ko kho dete the. bharat ke kone-kone se sngit ke parakhi log khan sahab ko gayan ke lie nyauta bhejate the. kya rajagharane kya mamooli skool ke vidyarthi, khan sahab ki makhamali avaz sabhi ko mntramugdh kar deti thi.[1] dil ko chhoo jane vali avaz ke malik ustad bade gulam ali khan ne naveli shaili ke zarie thumari ko nee ab aur tab di. janakaron ke mutabik ustad ne apane prayogadharmi sngit ki badaulat thumari ko jani-pahachani shaili ki simaon se bahar nikala.[2]

jivan parichay

bade gulam ali khan sahab ka janm 2 apral, 1902 ko pakistani pnjab ke mashahoor shahar lahaur ke pas sthit ganv kesur men hua tha.[3] bade gulam ali khan ne manasik, sharirik aur adhyatmik shakti sngit se hi prapt ki thi aur yahi karan tha ki unake bolachal aur havabhav se yah zahir ho jata tha ki yah shakhsiyat sngit ke prachar-prasar ke lie dharati par avatarit huee hai.[3] inaka parivar sngitgyon ka parivar tha. inake pitaji ka nam ali bakhsh khan hai. dilachasp hai ki sngit ki duniya men unaki shuruat sarngi vadak ke roop men huee. unhonne apane pita ali bakhsh khan aur chacha kale khan se sngit ki barikiyan sikhin. inake pita maharaja kashmir ke darabari gayak the aur vah gharana "kashmiri gharana" kahalata tha. jab ye log patiyala jakar rahane lage to yah gharana "patiyala gharana" ke nam se jana jane laga. dikhane men behad kadak mizaj aur mazaboot dil-daul vale bade gulam ali ne sabarng nam se kee bndishen rachin. unaki saragam ka andaz bilkul nirala tha. sal 1947 men bharat ke vibhajan ke bad bade gulam ali khan pakistan chale ge the lekin sngit ke is upasak ko pakistan ka mahaul qatee pasnd nahin aya. natijatan vah jald hi bharat laut ae. [2]

kairiyar

khan sahab ke samman men jari dak tikat

apane sadhe hue knth ke karan bade gulam ali khan ne bahut prasiddhi paee. 1919 men lahaur ke sngit sammelan men inhonne apani kala ka pahali bar sarvajanik pradarshan kiya. phir kolakata aur ilahabad ke sngit sammelanon men inhen deshavyapi khyati pradan ki. bharatiy sngit ke phalak par 1930 ke dashak men sitare ki tarah chamake is gayak ne sal 1938 men tatkalin kalakatta men hue ek karyakram men duniya ke samane pahali bar apani avaz ka jadoo bikhera tha. usake bad vah sngit ko age badhane aur use samriddh karane ki muhim men ram ge. khan sahab kinvadnti gayak the. gayan se aisa mohajal bunate ki apako usamen ulajhana hi hai. mugale ajam film men gane ke lie unhonne ek gane ke 25 hazar rupe mang lie the kyonki ve film men gana nahin chahate the. nirdeshak ke. asiph ne 25 hazar rupe dena svikar kar liya jabaki us jamane men lata mngeshakar aur muhammad rafi ko ek gane ke panch sau rupe se bhi kam milate the.[3] bade gulam ali khan ke munh se ek bar ‘radhekrishn bol’ bhajan sunakar mahatma gandhi bahut prabhavit hue the.

jab neharooji ki bat ka bura man ge khan sahab

bade gulam ali khan sahab hindustan ki sabase karishmaee avazon men se ek the, unake har kaaunasart men hazaron ki bhid umad padati thi. qissa un dinon ka hai jab bade gulam ali khan sahab ek karyakram ke silasile men kolakata ae hue the. us vakt desh ke pradhanamntri pndit javaharalal neharoo the. neharoo khud bhi khan sahab ki gayaki ke bade kadradanon men se ek the. ittaphaq aisa hua ki kisi adhikarik baithak men hissa lene ke lie pndit neharoo bhi kolakata men maujood the. jab unhen pata chala ki khan sahab bhi shahar men hain to unhonne tay kiya ki kuchh vakt nikal kar unaki gayaki ka lutf liya jae. unhonne us hotal men phon kiya jahan khan sahab thahare hue the aur unase bat ki.

khan sahab ke bare men kaha jata hai ki vo zara sakht mizaj shakhs the, apani sharton par gate the. aupacharik batachit ke bad pndit neharoo ne unase kaha, "to khan sahab, ab ittiphaq aisa ho gaya hai ki ap bhi shahar men hain aur mere pas ek ghnte ka vakt bhi hai, sochata hoon ek mahaphil apake sath ho jae". khan sahab yoon to pndit neharoo ke dost the lekin unaki 'mere pas ek ghnta hai' vali bat shayad unako zara nagavar guzari. kuchh lamhon ki khamosh ke bad bole, "pndit ji, vo to thik hai lekin aj rahane dete hain" ye sunakar pndit neharoo ne poochha, "kyon aj kya dikkat hai" to bade gulam ali khan sahab ne tnziya andaz men muskurate hue kaha, "vo kya hai pndit ji, ek ghnte men to sirph mera gala garm hota hai".[4][5]

samman evn puraskar

khan sahab ko bharat sarakar ke padm bhooshan aur sngit natak akadami samman se bhi navaza gaya hai.

mrityu

haidarabad ke navab jahirayarajng ke bashirabag mahal men chandani aur resham ki shobha vali ustad bade gulam ali khan ki avaz 25 aprail, 1968 ko so gee aur bite yug ke patiyala gharane ka ek surila adhyay samapt ho gaya.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi zen (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 thumari ko nee tab di bade gulam ali khan ne (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) laiv hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 ojha, svatntrakumar. veb duniya (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  4. gitakar aur shayar javed akhtar ki zubani
  5. qissa mukhtasar : jab neharoo ki bat ka bura man ge khan sahab (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) ganv kanekshan. abhigaman tithi: 11 mee, 2017.

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