उदय शंकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg uday ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- uday (bahuvikalpi)
uday shnkar
uday shnkar
poora nam uday shnkar
janm 8 disambar, 1900 ee.
janm bhoomi udayapur, rajasthan
mrityu 26 sitambar, 1977 ee.
mrityu sthan kolakata
abhibhavak pita- shyam shnkar chaudhari; mata- hemangini devi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr 'bharatiy shastriy nrity'
vidyalay 'kalakatta vishvavidyalay', 'aauksaphord vishvavidyalay', 'je. je. skool aauf art' aur 'gndharv mahavidyalay' (mumbee)
puraskar-upadhi 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' (1960), 'padmavibhooshan' (1971), 'deshikottam samman' (1975)
prasiddhi shastriy nartak
vishesh yogadan uday shnkar ne 'bharatiy shastriy nrity' ke svaroopon aur unake pratikon ko nrity roop pradan kiya.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari yadyapi uday shnkar ne 'bharatiy shastriy nrity' ke kisi bhi svaroop men koee aupacharik prashikshan nahin liya tha, phir bhi unaki prastutiyan rachanatmak thin.

uday shnkar (angrezi: Uday Shankar; janm- 8 disambar, 1900 ee., rajasthan; mrityu- 26 sitambar, 1977 ee., kolakata) bharat ke prasiddh nartak, nrity nirdeshak aur baile nirmata the. unhen bharat men 'adhunik nrity ke janmadata' ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. uday shnkar ne yoorop aur amerika ka bharatiy nrity aur snskriti se parichay karavaya aur bharatiy nrity ko duniya ke manachitr par prabhavashali dhng se sthapit kiya. unhonne tandav nrity, shiv-parvati, lnka dahan, ridam aauf laif, shram aur yntr, ramalila aur bhagavan buddh nam se navin nrityon ki rachana ki thi. inamen veshabhoosha, sngit, sngit-yntr, tal aur lay adi chijen unhin ke dvara avishkrit thin. varsh 1971 men bharat sarakar ne unhen 'padmavibhooshan' aur 1975 men vishvabharati ne 'deshikottam samman' pradan kiye the.

janm tatha parivar

suprasiddh nartak uday shnkar ka janm 8 disambar, 1900 ee. ko rajasthan ke udayapur men hua tha. vaise moolat: ve narail (adhunik bangala desh) ke ek bngali parivar se talluk rakhate the. inake pita ka nam shyam shnkar chaudhari aur man hemangini devi thin. uday shnkar ke pita apane samay ke prasiddh vakil the, jo rajasthan men hi jhalavad ke maharaj ke yahan karyarat the. man hemangini devi ek bngali zamindar parivar se sambandhit thin. uday ke pita ko navabon dvara 'harachaudhari' ki upadhi di gee thi, kintu unhonne 'harachaudhari' men se 'har' ko hata diya aur apane nam ke sath sirf 'chaudhari' ka prayog karana hi pasand kiya. uday shnkar apane bhaiyon men sabase bade the. inake any bhaiyon ke nam the- rajendr shnkar, devendr shnkar, bhoopendr shnkar aur ravi shnkar. inake bhaee bhoopendr ki maut varsh 1926 men hi ho gee thi.

shiksha

uday shnkar ke pita snskrit ke mane hue vidvanh the. unhonne 'kalakatta vishvavidyalay' se snatak ki upadhi prapt ki thi. bad men ve 'aauksaphord vishvavidyalay' men adhyayan karane gaye aur vahan ve 'daauktar aauf filosafi' bane. pita ko apane kam ke silasile men bahut adhik ghoomana padata tha, isalie parivar ne adhikansh samay uday shnkar ke mama ke ghar nasaratapur men unaki man aur bhaiyon ke sath vyatit kiya. uday shnkar ki shiksha bhi vibhinn sthanon par huee thi, jinamen nasaratapur, gazipur, varanasi aur jhalavad shamil hain. apane gazipur ke skool men uday shnkar ne apane chitrakala evn shilpakala ke shikshak anbika charan mukhopadhyay se sngit aur fotografi ki bhi bakhoovi shiksha hasil ki thi.

vivah

uday shnkar, patni amala shnkar ke sath

uday shnkar ka vivah amala shnkar se hua aur varsh 1942 men unake yahan putr annd shnkar aur varsh 1955 men putri mamata shnkar ka janm hua. annd shnkar ek sngitakar aur sngit kampojar the, jinhonne apane chacha ravi shnkar ki bajay daau. lalamani mishra se prashikshan prapt kiya tha. ve us samay apane phyoojan sngit ke lie jane ge the, jisamen pashchimi aur bharatiy sngit shaili donon ko shamil kiya gaya tha. mamata shnkar apane mata-pita ki tarah hi nartaki thi, jo ek prakhyat abhinetri banin, jinhonne bharat ke khyatiprapt film nirmata-nirdeshak satyajit re aur mrinal sen ki filmon men kam kiya. mamata shnkar kolakata men 'udayan dans knpani' bhi chalati hain.

nrity ka pradarshan

varsh 1918 ee. men matr atharah varsh ki ayu men uday shnkar ko 'je. je. skool aauf art' aur usake bad 'gndharv mahavidyalay' men prashikshan ke lie munbee bhej diya gaya. tab tak unake pita shyam shnkar ne bhi jhalavad men apane pad se istipha de diya aur lndan chale ge. vahan unhonne ek shvet mahila se vivah kar liya aur ek shaukiya snyojak[1]banane se pahale qanoon ki praiktis karane lage. is dauran unhonne briten men bharatiy sngit aur nrity ki shuruat ki. bad men uday shnkar apane pita ke sath shamil ho ge aur 23 agast, 1920 ko sar viliyam rothenstin ke adhin chitrakari ka adhyayan karane ke lie lndan ke 'raauyal kaaulej aauf art' pravesh liya. yahin par unhonne apane pita dvara lndan men ayojit karavae ge kuchh chairiti karyakramon men nrity ka pradarshan kiya. aise hi ek avasar par prakhyat roosi baile nartaki anna pavalova bhi maujood thin.

nee nrity shaili ki rachana

uday shnkar ne 'bharatiy shastriy nrity' ke kisi bhi svaroop men koee aupacharik prashikshan nahin liya tha. unaki prastutiyan rachanatmak thin. yadyapi kam umr se hi ve bharatiy shastriy aur lok nrity shailiyon ke snpark men ate rahe the. yoorop nivas ke dauran ve baile nrity se itana adhik prabhavit hue the ki unhonne donon shailiyon ke tatvon ko milakar nrity ki ek nayi shaili ki rachana karane ka phaisala kar liya, jise 'haee-dans' kaha gaya. uday shnkar ne tandav nrity, shiv-parvati, lnkadahan, ridam aauf laif, shram aur yntr, ramalila aur bhagavan buddh nam se navin nrityon ki rachana ki. inamen veshabhoosha, sngit, sngit-yntr, tal aur lay adi chijen unhin ke dvara avishkrit thin. ramayan par unhonne nrity natika ki bhi rachana ki. unhonne yoorop, amerika adi deshon men apane nartak dal ke sath varshon ghoomakar bharatiy nrityon ka pradarshan kiya.

yogadan

amala shnkar ke sath nrity prastuti dete uday shnkar

uday shnkar ne 'bharatiy shastriy nrity' ke svaroopon aur unake pratikon ko nrity roop pradan kiya. isake lie unhonne british sngrahalay men rajapoot chitrakala aur mugal chitrakala ki shailiyon ka gambhir adhyayan kiya. isake atirikt briten men apane pravas ke dauran ve nrity pradarshan karane vale kee kalakaron ke snpark men aye. bad men ve fransisi sarakar ke vajiphe 'priks di rom' par kala men uchch-stariy adhyayan ke lie ve rom chale ge. shighr hi is tarah ke kalakaron ke sath uday shnkar ka snpark badhata chala gaya. sath hi bharatiy nrity karane ko ek samakalin roop dene ka unaka vichar bhi majaboot hua.

roosi nartaki se mulakat

unaki kamayabi ke raste men krantikari parivartan prakhyat roosi baile nartaki anna pavalova se ek mulaqat ke roop men aya. anna bharat adharit vishayon par sahayog ke lie kalakaron ki khoj kar rahi thin. isi karan hindoo vishayon par adharit baile ki rachana huee, jisamen anna ke sath ek yugal radha-krishn' aur 'hindoo vivah' ko anna ke prodakshan 'oriental impreshns' men shamil kiya gaya. is baile ka pradarshan lndan ke kovent gardan men sthit raauyal opera haus men kiya gaya tha. ve svayn krishn bane aur pavalova ne radha ki bhoomika ka rol kiya. bad men bhi ve baile ki rachana aur koriyografi men jute rahe, jinamen se ek ajanta ki guphaon ke bhittichitron par adharit thi.

puraskar v samman

uday shnkar ne 'bharatiy shastriy nrity' aur yahan ki snskriti ko vishv ke har kone men pahunchane men vishesh yogadan kiya. ye unaki athak lagan aur kary ke prati samarpan ki bhavana hi thi ki bharat ki snskriti se samoocha vishv parichit ho saka. uday shnkar ko unake atulaniy yogadan ke lie kee puraskaron aur sammanon se navaja gaya tha-

  1. 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' - 'krietiv dans (1960)
  2. 'sngit natak akadami feloship' - (1962)
  3. 'padmavibhooshan' - (1971)
  4. 'deshikottam samman' - (1975)

nidhan

'bharatiy shastriy nrity' ko vishv mnch par khyati dilane vale uday shnkar ka nidhan 26 sitambar, 1977 ee. ko kolakata men hua.


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shodh

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