विक्रम साराभाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vikram sarabhaee
vikram sarabhaee
poora nam daau. vikram anbalal sarabhaee
janm 12 agast, 1919
janm bhoomi ahamadabad, gujarat
mrityu 30 disambar, 1971
mrityu sthan kovalam, tiruvanntapuram, keral
abhibhavak anbalal sarabhaee (pita), sarala devi (mata)
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr bharatiy antariksh karyakram
bhasha hindi, angrezi
shiksha prakritik vigyan men traipaaus, pi.ech.di
vidyalay gujarat kaaulej, bharatiy vigyan snsthan, kembrij vishvavidyalay,
puraskar-upadhi shantisvaroop bhatanagar puraskar (1962), padmabhooshan (1966), padmavibhooshan, maranoparant (1972)
prasiddhi daau. sarabhaee ko 'bharatiy antariksh karyakram ka janak mana jata hai.
vishesh yogadan 'bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan' (isaro) ki sthapana inaki mahanh upalabdhiyon men se ek hai.
nagarikata bharatiy

vikram sarabhaee (angrezi: Vikram Sarabhai, janm- 12 agast, 1919, ahamadabad; mrityu- 30 disambar, 1971, tiruvanntapuram) ko bharat ke 'antariksh karyakram ka janak' mana jata hai. inaka poora nam 'daau. vikram anbalal sarabhaee' tha. inhonne bharat ko antariksh anusndhan ke kshetr men nee oonchaeeyon par pahunchaya aur antarrashtriy manachitr par desh ki upasthiti darj kara di. vikram sarabhaee ne any kshetron men bhi saman roop se purogami yogadan diya. ve ant tak vastr, aushadhiy, paramanu oorja, ilektraauniks aur kee any kshetron men lagatar kam karate rahe the. daau. sarabhaee ek rachanatmak vaigyanik, ek saphal aur bhavishyadrishta udyogapati, sarvochch star ke prarvatak, ek mahanh snsthan nirmata, ek bhinn prakar ke shikshavid, kala ke parakhi, samajik parivartan ke udyami, ek agrani prabndhan shikshak tatha aur bahut kuchh the.

janm tatha shiksha

daau. sarabhaee ka janm pashchimi bharat men gujarat rajy ke ahamadabad shahar men 1919 ko hua tha. sarabhaee parivar ek mahattvapoorn aur snpann jain vyapari parivar tha. unake pita anbalal sarabhaee ek snpann udyogapati the tatha gujarat men kee milon ke svami the. vikram sarabhaee, anbalal aur sarala devi ke ath bachchon men se ek the. apani intaramidiet vigyan ki pariksha pas karane ke bad sarabhaee ne ahamadabad men gujarat kaaulej se metrik pariksha uttirn ki. usake bad ve inglaind chale ge aur 'kembrij vishvavidyalay' ke sent jaaun kaaulej men bharti hue. unhonne kembrij se 1940 men prakritik vigyan men traipaaus hasil kiya. 'dvitiy vishvayuddh' ke badhane ke sath sarabhaee bharat laut aye aur bengalor ke 'bharatiy vigyan snsthan' men bharti hue tatha nobel puraskar vijeta si. vi. raman ke margadarshan men brahmandiy kiranon men anusndhan shuroo kiya. vishvayuddh ke bad 1945 men ve kembrij laute aur 1947 men unhen ushnakatibndhiy akshansh men kaausmik kiranon ki khoj shirshak vale apane shodh par pi.ech.di ki digri se sammanit kiya gaya.

bharatiy antariksh karyakram ke janak

sarabhaee ko 'bharatiy antariksh karyakram ka janak' mana jata hai. ve mahanh snsthan nirmata the aur unhonne vividh kshetron men anek snsthaon ki sthapana ki ya sthapana men madad ki thi. ahamadabad men 'bhautik anusndhan prayogashala' ki sthapana men unhonne mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee thi, kembrij se 1947 men azad bharat men vapasi ke bad unhonne apane parivar aur mitron dvara niyntrit dharmarth nyason ko apane nivas ke pas ahamadabad men anusndhan snsthan ko dhan dene ke lie razi kiya. is prakar 11 navambar, 1947 ko ahamadabad men vikram sarabhaee ne 'bhautik anusndhan prayogashala' (piarel) ki sthapana ki. us samay unaki umr keval 28 varsh thi. sarabhaee snsthanon ke nirmata aur snvardhak the aur piarel is disha men pahala qadam tha. vikram sarabhaee ne 1966-1971 tak piarel ki seva ki.

snsthanon ki sthapana

'paramanu oorja ayog' ke adhyaksh pad par bhi vikram sarabhaee rah chuke the. unhonne ahamadabad men sthit any udyogapatiyon ke sath mil kar 'indiyan instityoot aauf mainejament', ahamadabad ki sthapana men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. daau. sarabhaee dvara sthapit katipay suvikhyat snsthan is prakar hain-

  1. bhautik anusndhan prayogashala (piarel), ahamadabad
  2. indiyan instityoot aauf mainejament (aeeaeeem), ahamadabad
  3. kamyooniti sains sentar, ahamadabad
  4. darpan akademi faaur parafarming arts, ahamadabad[1]
  5. vikram sarabhaee antariksh kendr, tiruvanntapuram
  6. spes aplikeshans sentar, ahamadabad[2]
  7. fastar bridar test riektar (efabitiar), kalpakam
  8. veriebal enarji saiklotraaun praaujekt, kolakata
  9. ilektraauniks kaaurporeshan aauf indiya limited(eesiaeeel), haidarabad
  10. yooreniyam karporeshan aauf indiya limited(yoosiaeeel), jadooguda, bihar

'isaro' ki sthapana

'bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan' (isaro) ki sthapana unaki mahanh upalabdhiyon men ek thi. roosi sputanik ke pramochan ke bad unhonne bharat jaise vikasashil desh ke lie antariksh karyakram ke mahatv ke bare men sarakar ko razi kiya. daau. sarabhaee ne apane uddharan men antariksh karyakram ke mahatv par zor diya tha-

"aise kuchh log hain, jo vikasashil rashtron men antariksh gatividhiyon ki prasngikata par saval uthate hain. hamare samane uddeshy ki koee aspashtata nahin hai. ham chndrama ya grahon ki gaveshana ya manav sahit antariksh-udanon men arthik roop se unnat rashtron ke sath pratispardha ki koee kalpana nahin kar rahen hain, lekin ham ashvast hain ki agar hamen rashtriy star par aur rashtron ke samuday men koee sarthak bhoomika nibhani hai, to hamen manav aur samaj ki vastavik samasyaon ke lie unnat praudyogikiyon ko lagoo karane men kisi se pichhe nahin rahana chahie."

paramanu vigyan karyakram

bharatiy paramanu vigyan karyakram ke janak ke roop men vyapak roop se manyata prapt daau. homi jahangir bhabha ne bharat men pratham raket pramochan kendr ki sthapana men daau. sarabhaee ka samarthan kiya. yah kendr mukhyatah bhoomadhy rekha se usaki nikatata ki drishti se arab mahasagar ke tat par, tiruvanntapuram ke nikat thumba men sthapit kiya gaya. avasnrachana, karmik, snchar link aur pramochan mnchon ki sthapana ke ullekhaniy prayason ke bad 21 navambar, 1963 ko sodiyam vashp nitabhar sahit udghatan udan pramochit ki gayi.

any yogadan

daau. sarabhaee vigyan ki shiksha men atyadhik dilachaspi rakhate the. isilie unhonne 1966 men samudayik vigyan kendr ki sthapana ahamadabad men ki. aj yah kendr 'vikram sarabhaee samudayik vigyan kendr' kahalata hai. 1966 men nasa ke sath daau. sarabhaee ke snvad ke parinamasvaroop julaee, 1975 se julaee, 1976 ke dauran 'upagrah anudeshatmak dooradarshan parikshan' (esaeetiee) ka pramochan kiya gaya.[3] daau. sarabhaee ne bharatiy upagrahon ke snvirachan aur pramochan ke lie pariyojanaen prarnbh kin. isake parinamasvaroop pratham bharatiy upagrah aryabhat, roosi kaausmodrom se 1975 men kaksha men sthapit kiya gaya.

mrityu

antariksh ki duniya men bharat ko bulandiyon par pahunchane vale aur vigyan jagat men desh ka paracham laharane vale is mahanh vaigyanik daau. vikram sarabhaee ki mrityu 30 disambar, 1971 ko kovalam, tiruvanntapuram, keral men huee.

puraskar

mahattvapoorn pad

  • bhautik vigyan anubhag, bharatiy vigyan kangres ke adhyaksh ([1962)
  • aee.e.ee.e., verina ke maha sammalenadhyaksh (1970)
  • upadhyaksh, 'paramanu oorja ka shantipoorn upayog' par chautha snyukt rashtr sammelan (1971)

samman

raauketon ke lie thos aur drav nodakon men visheshgyta rakhane vale anusndhan snsthan, vikram sarabhaee antariksh kendr (viesesasi) ka namakaran unaki smriti men kiya gaya, jo keral rajy ki rajadhani tiroovanntapuram men sthit hai. 1974 men sidani men antarrashtriy khagoliy sngh ne nirnay liya ki si aauf seriniti men sthit 'chndrama kretar besel' (bieeeseseeel) daau. sarabhaee kretar ke roop men jana jaega.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. apani patni ke sath mil kar
  2. yah snsthan sarabhaee dvara sthapit chhah snsthanon/kendron ke vilay ke bad astitv men aya
  3. jab daau. sarabhaee ka svargavas ho chuka tha.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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