आइरीन क्यूरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

airin kyoori (1897-1956 ee.) nobul puraskar vijeta phransisi vaigyanik; piri (Pierre) aur mari (Marie) kyoori ki putri aur jolyo (Joliot) ki patni. inaka janm 12 sintabar, 1897 ee. ko peris men hua tha. pratham mahayuddh ke dinon men adhyayan chhodakar vah yuddhapiditon ki seva sushrusha men apani mata ka hath bntati rahi. tadanntar 1925 ee. men peris ke rediyam instithhyatoo ki kyoori prayogashala se daktar ki upadhi prapt ki. is upadhi ke nimitt unhonne poloniyam se nikali ailpha kiranon par kary kiya. isi samay rediyam instit hyoot men phredarik jolyo namak ek yuvak ki niyukti huee. usaka janm 19 march, 1900 ko hua tha. unhonne do varsh poorv peris ke rasayan evn bhautiki ke ek vidyalay se injiniyaring men upadhi prapt ki thi. 1926 ee. men airin kyoori aur jolyo donon ka vivah ho gaya.

vivah ke pashchat jolyo aur airin kyoori donon ne sath-sath milakar kary karana arnbh kiya. 1930 ee. men jolyo ne daktar ki upadhi prapt ki. 1932 ee. men unhonne dekha ki yadi beriliyam tatv ko ailfa kiranon ke snpark men rakha jae to usamen se aisi kiranen nikalati hain, jo door tak padarthon ke bhitar pravisht ho sakati hen. jolyo aur airin nyootraaun ko oorja ki kiran hi samajhate rahe. apane is avishkar ki ghoshana unhonne 15 janavari, 1934 ee. ko apane ek shodh nibndh men ki jo kote rendas men prakashit hua. pashchath‌ chaidavik ne dikhaya ki ye navin kiranen vastut: nyootraaun namak kiranen ki punj hain. jolyo aur airin ne nyootranon ke prabhavon ka adhyayan vistar se kiya aur yah pradarshit kiya ki n keval kuchh prakritik padarth hi rediyadharmi hain, varanh‌ unhen kritrim vidhi se prayogashala men taiyar bhi kiya ja sakata hai. yah ek mahanh‌ avishkar tha, jisane bhautik aur rasayan ke kshetr men ek naya yug prastut kiya. donon ko is avishkar ke upalakshy men 1935 ee0 men nobel puraskar mila. rediyodharmi padarthon ke snpark se chulli grnthiyon aur haramonon men jo parivartan hote hen unake snbndh men bhi inhonne adhyayan kiya.

dvitiy mahayuddh ke samay jolyo vishvavyapi shanti ke vishesh pracharak rahe. unhen apane in vicharon ke karan hani bhi huee. airin aur jolyo bharat bhi ae the. unaki sadbhavanaon se is desh ke vaigyanikon ne labh uthaya.

jolyo ko anek puraskar mile-aikaidemi aauv sains ka henari vilde puraskar (1933 ee.), baranard padak (1938 ee.) tatha stailin puraskar (1938 ee.). airin ko baranard padak (1932) ee., henari vilde puraskar (1933 ee.) tatha markve puraskar (1934 ee.). kuchh any puraskar pati patni ko sath-sath mile.

airin jolyo kyoori ki 15 janavari 1934 ko aur jolyo ka 14 agast, 1958 ee. ko dehavasan hua.[1]


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  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 3 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 195 |

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