अलबर्ट आइंस्टाइन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

alabart ainstain
Albert Einstein.png
poora nam alabart ainstain
any nam ainstain
janm 14 march, 1879
janm bhoomi vutemabarg, jarmani
mrityu 18 aprail, 1955
mrityu sthan nyoo jarsi, amerika
abhibhavak harman ainstain aur paulin ainstain
karm-kshetr vaigyanik
vishay bhautiki
bhasha jarman, angrezi, italiyan
puraskar-upadhi nobel puraskar
prasiddhi sapekshata ke siddhant aur dravyaman-oorja samikaran : E = mc2 ke lie jane jate hain.

alabart ainstain (angrezi: Albert Einstein, janm: 14 march, 1879; mrityu: 18 aprail, 1955) ek prasiddh vaigyanik aur saiddhantik bhautikavidh the. ve sapekshata ke siddhant aur dravyaman-oorja samikaran E = mc2 ke lie jane jate hain. unhen saiddhantik bhautiki, khasakar prakash-vidyut ootsarjan ki khoj ke lie 1921 men 'nobel puraskar' mila tha.

jivan parichay

alabart ainstain ka janm jarmani men vutemabarg ke ek yahoodi parivar men hua. unake pita 'harman ainstain' ek injiniyar aur selsamain the. unaki man ka nam paulin ainstain thi. halanki ainstain ko shuroo-shuroo men bolane men kathinaee hoti thi, lekin ve padhaee men avval the. unaki matrabhasha jarman thi aur bad men unhonne italiyan aur angrezi sikhi. unaka parivar yahoodi dharmik paramparaon ko nahin manata aur ainash‍tain kaitholik vidyalay men padane gaye. apani man ke kahane par unhonne sarngi bajana sikha. unhen ye pasand nahin tha aur bad men ise chhod bhi diya, lekin bad men unhen mojart ke sarngi sngit men bahut anand ata tha.

bachapan aur shiksha

alabart ainstain

1893 men alabart ainstain ek kaitholik prathamik skool men padhe. halanki ainstin ne kathinaee se bolana sikha ve prathamik skool men ek avval chhatr the. ainstin ne maze ke lie maaudal aur yantrik upakaranon ka nirman kiya aur ganit men pratibha dikhana bhi shuroo kiya. 1889 maiks talmood ne das varshiy ainstin ko vigyan ke mahattvapoorn grnthon se vakif karaya. talmood ek garib yahoodi medikal chhatr tha. yahoodi samuday ne talmood ko chhah sal ke lie pratyek guruvar ko ainstain ke sath bhojan karane ki vyavastha ki. is samay ke dauran talmood ne poore dil se kee dharmanirapeksh shaikshik hiton ke madhyam se ainstain ko nirdeshit karata.

yogadan

ainstain ne sapekshata ke vishesh aur samany siddhant sahit kee yogadan die. unake any yogadanon men- sapeksh brahmand, keshikiy gati, krantik upachchhaya, sankhyik maikeniks ki samasyaऍ, anuon ka brauniyan gati, anuon ki utparivarttan snbhavyata, ek anu vale gais ka kvantam siddhant, kam vikiran ghanatv vale prakash ke ooshmiy gun, vikiran ke siddhant, ekikrit kshetr siddhant aur bhautiki ka jyamitikaran shamil hai. ainsatain ne pachas se adhik shodh-patr aur vigyan se alag kitaben likhin. 1999 men taim patrika ne shatabdi-purush ghoshit kiya. ek sarvekshan ke anusar ve sarvakalik mahanatam vaigyanik mane ge. ainsatain shabd buddhiman ka paryay mana jata hai.

ainstain aur rabindranath taigor

alabart ainstain keval vigyan hi nahin, sahity, kala, sngit aur adhyatm ke bhi marmgy the. yahi karan hai ki 14 julaee 1930 ko apani jarman yatra ke dauran vishvakavi gurudev rabindranath taigor unase milane jab unake nivas par pahunche to vah ek aitihasik kshan ho gaya. vigyan aur kavita ke in do shikharon ke bich us din "saty ki prakriti" ko lekar ek anootha snvad hua tha. prastut hai is snvad ka angrezi se avikal anuvad men kuchh ansh-

alabart ainstain : "kya ap manate hain ki eeshvaratv ki snsar se koee prithakh satta hai ?"
rabindranath taigor: "prithakh nahin. manaviyata ke annt vyaktitvon men brahmand samahit hai. aisi koee chiz nahin ho sakati jo manaviy vyaktitv ke niyamon se bahar ho. isase yahi siddh hota hai ki bramhand ka saty manaviyata ka bhi saty hai. ise samajhane ke lie mainne ek vaigyanik tathy ko liya hai. padarth protaaun aur ilektraaunon se bana hai. inake bich ek 'gep' hoti hai. parntu padarth ek ek ilektraaun aur protaaun ko jodane vali is chhoti si doori ke bavajood thos nazar ata hai. isi prakar manaviyata ki chhoti chhoti vyakti ikaiyan hai, par unaka apasi manaviy snbndhon ka ek arntasnbndh bhi hai jo manaviy snsar ko snbndhon ka ek arntasnbndh bhi hai jo manaviy snsar ko ek jivnt ekata pradan karata hai (jaise ek ek ilektraaun aur protaaun prithakh satta rakhate hue bhi apas men jude hue hain vaise hi) ham sabhi apas men jude hue hain. is saty ko main kala ke madhyam se, sahity ke madhyam se aur manushy ki dharmik chetana ke madhyam se talash karata raha hoon."
alabart ainstain : "brahmand ki prakriti ke bare men do alag alag mat hai ek 'brahmand ki ekata manushyata par nirbhar hai, doosara yah ki brahmand ek aisa saty hai jo manaviy phektar se pare hai, us par usaki nirbharata nahin hai. "
rabindranath taigor: "jab hamara brahmand manushy ke sath ek sa talabaddh hota hai tab eeshvaratv ko ham saty ki bhanti janate hain. use ham saundary ke roop men mahasoos karate hain."
alabart ainstain : "yah to brahmand ki keval manaviy avadharana hai. "
rabindranath taigor : "doosari dharana ho bhi nahin sakati. yah snsar manaviy snsar hai. isaki vaigyanik avadharana vaigyanik manushy ki avadharana hai. hamase prithakh isilie snsar ka koee astitv nahin hai. yah ek sapeksh snsar hai jo apane saty ke lie hamari chetana par nirbhar rahata hai. tark aur annd ka ek manadnd hota hai jo snsar ko usaka saty pradan karata hai. yah manadnd us brahmand purush ka hai jisaka anubhav hamare anubhavon men prakat hota hai."

ainstain ke sath rabindranath taigor

alabart ainstain : "kya yah manaviy astitv ka ya usake vastavik astitv ka pratyakshikaran hai ?
rabindranath taigor: "han , ek divy yatharth. ise ham apani bhavanaon aur gatividhiyon ke madhyam se hasil karate hain. ham apani simaon ke madhyam se brahmand purush ka pratyakshikaran karate hain jisaki koee vyaktigat simaen nahin hai. yah rnivyaiyaktik gahan avashyakataen hain. hamari vyaktigat saty chetana sarvabhaumik mahatv pati hai. dharm hamare satyon ko moolyavan banata hai aur ham saty ko usase apani anushangikata ke karan achchhi tarah jan pate hain. "
alabart ainstain : "to kya saty athava saundary ka manushy se pare koee svadhin ya anashrit astitv nahin hai? "
rabindranath taigor: "nahin. "
alabart ainstain : "yadi manushy ka kahin koee astitv nahin ho to kya yah bhuvan bhaskar (yah dedipyaman soory) kya sundar nahin rah jaenge ?"
rabindranath taigor: "nahin rahenge ."
alabart ainstain : "main ise saundary drishti se sahi manata hoon, parntu saty ke mamale men nahin.
rabindranath taigor: "kyon nahin ?" saty ka pratyakshikaran bhi to manushy ke madhyam se hi hota hai."
alabart ainstain : "main ise siddh nahin kar sakata ki main sahi hoon, yah mera dharm hai.
rabindranath taigor: "saundary ek poorn 'sam-layata' men upalabdh hota hai jo keval sarvabhaumik hokar hi payi ja sakati hai aur saty keval sarvabhaumik man ki hi poorn gyanabuddhi hai. ham alag alag log apani bhoolon aur mahabhoolon ke dvara saty tak pahunchate hain aur vah bhi apane snchayit anubhavon ke dvara aur apani jyortimay chetana ke dvara. anyatha hamen usaka pata hi kaise chalata?"
alabart ainstain: "main ise siddh nahin kar sakata ki vaigyanik saty ko ek aise saty ke roop men udbhoot hona chahie jo poori tarah manushyata se pare aur apane ap men poori tarah anashrit ya svatntr ho, parntu main isamen dridhata se vishvas karata hoon. udaharan ke lie main manata hoon ki 'payathagoras' ka jyamiti men siddhant jo kuchh kahata hai vah saty lagabhag manushy ke astitv par nirbhar nahin hai. aisi hi is vastavikata ka bhi ek apana saty hai. isamen ek ka bhi inkar doosare ke astitv ko nakar dega."
rabindranath taigor: "saty jo sarvabhaumik chetana se ekakar hai, use anivary roop se manaviy hona hi padega. anyatha ham vyakti taur par jo kuchh janate ya mahasoos karate hon use saty kaha hi nahin ja sakega. kam se kam vah saty jise vaigyanik saty kaha jata hai use ek laaujik ya ek tark ke madhyam se anveshit kiya jata hai, parntu vah bhi antat: manaviy madhyam se hi prapt kiya jata hai. hindoo darshan ke anusar brahm ki param saty hai, use koee sarvatha alag thalag hokar nahin jan sakata hai, aur na use shabdon men vyakt kar sakata hai. use tabhi pa sakate hain jab apane vyaktitv ko usaki anntata men samahit kar diya ja sake. parntu aise saty ka vigyan se koee snbndh nahin ho sakata. ham saty ki jis prakriti par charcha kar rahe hain vah usake prakatikaran ki charcha hai, arthath jo pratyaksh ho sake vahi manaviy man ke lie saty hai, isilie manav ko maya ka roop kaha ja sakata hai"
alabart ainstain: "to, apake matanusar jo hindoo avadharana hai usamen mithyatv ka anubhav vyakti vishesh ka nahin snpoorn manavata ka anubhav hai ?"
rabindranath taigor: "vigyan men ham saty ke qarib pahunchane ke lie ek anushasan se gujarate hain jisamen hamen apane vyaktigat mastishkon ki simaen hata kar hi pravesh milata hain. is prakar saty ka jo sar ham pate hain vah sarvabhaumik manushy ka sach hota hai.
alabart ainstain: "hamari prathamik samasya ye hai ki kya saty hamari chetana par nirbhar nahin hai ?'
rabindranath taigor: "jise ham saty kahate hain vah vastunishth aur vishayanishth pakshon ke bich ek bauddhik samnjasy hai. aur ye donon hi paksh us 'supar parsanal manushy' se snbndhit hai."
alabart ainstain: "manaviyata se pare saty ke astitv ko lekar hamara jo paksh hai use samajhaya ya siddh nahin kiya ja sakata, parntu yah ek vishvas hai jisase koee bhi rahit nahin hai. yahan tak ki chhote se chhota jiv bhi. ham saty ko ek 'supar hyooman' vastunishthata pradan karate hain. hamare lie aparihary hai ye saty jo hamare astitv, hamare anubhav aur hamari buddhi par nirbhar nahin hai,bhale hi ham kah n sake ki isaka kya matalab hai ?"
rabindranath taigor: "vigyan ne yah siddh kar diya hai ki ek tebal jo thos chiz ki tarah najar ata hai vah matr ek drishtigochar dikhavat hai. jise manaviy dimag ek tebal ki tarah mahasoos karata hai usaka koee astitv hi nahin hoga, yadi vah nirntar mahasoos karane vala dimag n ho to. isi ke sath yah bhi hamen svikar karana hoga ki tebal ki param bhautik sachchaee alag alag ghoomate hue vidyutiy balon ke kendron ka ek vishal samooh hona hi hai, jisaka manaviy chetana se bhi snbndh hai. saty ke sakshatkar men brahmand purush ke man aur vyakti star par ek alaukik sngharsh hota hai. purnamilan ki ek sanatan prakriya vigyan aur darshan aur hamare niti shastron men nirntar chalati rahati hai. kisi bhi mamale men yadi koee aisa saty hai jo manaviyata se snbndhit nahin hai to usaka hamare lie koee astitv hi nahin hai."
alabart ainstain: "tab to main apase jyada dharmik hoon ....... ."
rabindranath taigor: "mera dharm us brahmand purush (eeshvar) ki chetana ke sath mere apane hone ki nirntar milan prakriya men hai. mere hibart-vyakhyan ka bhi yahi vishay tha jise mainne 'dharmik manushy' kaha tha.'[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ' alabart ainstin aur rabindranath taigor ka snvad (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) alabart ainsatain. abhigaman tithi: 19 janavari, 2013.

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