होमी जहाँगीर भाभा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

homi jahangir bhabha
Homi-Jehangir-Bhabha.jpg
poora nam daau. homi jahangir bhabha
janm 30 aktoobar, 1909
janm bhoomi munbee, bharat
mrityu 24 janavari, 1966
mrityu sthan mont blank, phrans
abhibhavak je. ech. bhabha
karm bhoomi baingalor
karm-kshetr paramanu vaigyanik, pradhyapak
vishay bhautik vigyan
vidyalay 'kaimbrij vishvavidyalay'
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan

homi jahangir bhabha (angrezi: Homi Jehangir Bhabha, janm: 30 aktoobar, 1909, munbee; mrityu: 24 janavari, 1966) bharat ke ek pramukh vaigyanik the, jinhonne bharat ke paramanu oorja karyakram ki kalpana ki thi. jab homi jahangir bhabha 29 varsh ke the aur upalabdhiyon se bhare 13 varsh inglaind men bita chuke the. us samay 'kaimbrij vishvavidyalay' bhautik shastr ke kshetr men sarvashreshth sthan mana jata tha. vahan par shri bhabha keval padhaee hi nahin balki kary bhi karane lage the. jab anusndhan ke kshetr men shri bhabha ke upalabdhiyon bhare varsh the tabhi svadesh lautane ka avasar unhen mila. shri bhabha ne apane vatan bharat men rahakar hi kary karane ka nirnay liya. unake man men apane desh men vigyan aur praudyogiki ke kshetr men ek kranti lane ka junoon tha. yah daau. bhabha ke prayason ka hi pratiphal hai ki aj vishv ke sabhi vikasit deshon bharat ke nabhikiy vaigyanikon ki pratibha evn kshamata ka loha mana jata hai.

parichay

homi jahangir bhabha ka janm mumbee ke ek sampann parasi parivar men 30 aktoobar 1909 ko hua tha. unake pita je. ech. bhabha bnbee ke ek pratishthit bairistar the. aj bharat men lagabhag do lakh parasi hain. eesa ki satavin shatabdi men islam ne jab eeran par qabza kar liya, to apane dharm ki raksha ke lie tamam parasi parivar bhagakar bharat a ge the. tab se ye bharat men hi hain aur bharat ko hi apana vatan manate hain. parasi samaj ne bade yogy vyaktiyon ko janm diya hai.

shiksha

daau. bhabha padhaee men bachapan se hi bahut tez the. 15 varsh ki ayu men hi unhonne mumbee ke ek haeeskool se siniyar kaimbrij ki pariksha sammanapoorvak pas ki aur bad men uchch shiksha ke lie 'kaimbrij vishvavidyalay' ge. vahan bhi unhonne apani asadharan pratibha ka parichay diya.

aaustreliyaee bhautikividh mark olifent ke sath homi bhabha, 1954

daau. bhabha jab kaimbrij men adhyayan aur anusndhan kary kar rahe the aur chhuttiyon men bharat ae hue the tabhi sitnbar 1939 men dvitiy vishv yuddh chhid gaya. is samay hitalar poore yoorop par teji se qabza karata ja raha tha aur inglaind par hamala sunishchit dikhaee de raha tha. inglaind ke adhikansh vaigyanik yuddh ke liye sakriy ho ge aur poorvi yoorop men maulik anusndhan lagabhag thapp ho gaya. aisi paristhiti men inglaind jakar anusndhan jari rakhana daau. bhabha ke lie snbhav nahin tha. daau. bhabha ke samane yah prashn tha ki ve bharat men kya karen? unaki prakhar pratibha se parichit kuchh vishvavidyalayon ne unhen adhyapan kary ke liye amntrit kiya. antatah daau. bhabha ne 'bharatiy vigyan snsthan' (IISc) baingalor ko chuna jahan ve bhautik shastr vibhag ke pradhyapak ke pad par rahe. yah unake jivan ka mahattvapoorn parivartan tha. daau. bhabha ko unake karyon men sahayata ke lie 'sar dorab ji tata trast' ne ek chhoti-si rashi bhi anumodit ki thi. daau. bhabha ke lie kaimbrij ki tulana men baingalor men kam karana mushkil tha. kaimbrij men ve saralata se apane varishth logon se sambandh bana lete the parntu baingalor men yah unake lie chunautipoorn tha. unhonne apana anusndhan kary jari rakha aur dhire-dhire bharatiy sahayogiyon se snpark bhi banana shuroo kiya. un dinon 'bharatiy vigyan snsthan', baingalor men 'sar si. vi. raman' bhautik shastr vibhag ke pramukh the. sar raman ne daau. bhabha ko shuroo se hi pasnd kiya aur daau. bhabha ko 'phailo aauf rayal sosayati' (FRS) men chayan hetu madad ki.

vaigyanik kranti ke lie prayatn

baingalor men daau. bhabha kaausmik kiranon ke hard kamponent par utkrisht anusndhan kary kar rahe the, kintu ve desh men vigyan ki unnati ke bare men bahut chintit the. unhen chinta thi ki kya bharat us gati se unnati kar raha hai jisaki use zaroorat hai? desh men vaigyanik kranti ke lie baingalor ka snsthan paryapt nahin tha. daau. bhabha ne nabhikiy vigyan ke kshetr men vishisht anusndhan ke lie ek alag snsthan banane ka vichar banaya aur sar dorab ji tata trast se madad mangi. yah sampoorn bharatavarsh ke lie vaigyanik chetana evn vikas ka nirnayak mod tha.

tata instityoot aauf phndamental risarch ki sthapana

  • san 1945 men dvitiy vishvayuddh ki samapti ke bad duniya bhar ke vaigyanik apane anusndhanon ko poora karane men jut ge.
  • 1 joon, 1945 ko daau. bhabha dvara prastavit 'tata instityoot aauf phndamental risarch (TIFR)' ki ek chhoti-si ikaee ka shriganesh hua.
  • 6 mahine bad hi bhabha ji ne ise mumbee men sthanantarit karane ka vichar kiya. is ne snsthan ke lie imarat ki vyavastha ki samasya thi? us samay snsthan ke nam par 'tata trast' se 45,000 rupaye, maharashtr sarakar se 25,000 rupaye tatha bharat sarakar dvara 10,000 rupaye prativarsh ki dhanarashi nirdharit ki gee thi.
  • daau. bhabha ne pedar rod men 'kenilavarth' ki ek imarat ka adha hissa kiraye par liya. yah imarat unaki chachi shrimati kunvar pandya ki thi. snyogavash daau. bhabha ka janm bhi isi imarat men hua tha. TIFR ne us samay is imarat ke kirae ke roop men har mahine 200 rupaye dena tay kiya tha. un dinon yah snsthan kafi chhota tha. karmachariyon ke lie chay ki dukan snsthan se lagabhag ek kilomitar ki doori par thi. shrimati pandya ne karmachariyon ki chay apani rasoee men hi banane ki ijajat de di. vah apane priy bhatije daau. bhabha ko apane hathon se chay banakar pilaya karatin thin. aj us do mnjili purani imarat ki jagah ek bahumnjili imarat ne le li hai, jo ab mukhyatah 'bhabha paramanu anusndhan kendr' ke adhikariyon ka nivas sthan hai.
  • yah durbhagyapoorn hai ki vishv ne paramanu oorja ke svaroop dvitiy vishvayuddh men hiroshima evn nagasaki shaharon par bam girane par jana. logon ke man men dar baith gaya ki paramanu oorja aur paramanu bam ek hi hain, kintu daau. bhabha ne paramanu oorja ke janahit prayog ko pahale hi jan liya tha. daau. bhabha ki dooradarshita ka hi parinam tha ki svatntrata poorv hi unhonne neharoo ji ka dhyan is or akarshit kar liya tha ki svatntr bharat men kis tarah paramanu oorja upayogi siddh hogi.

kenilavarth se getave aauf indiya ke pas

homi bhabha ke samman men jari dak tikat

san 1949 tak kenilavarth ka snsthan chhota padane laga. atah is snsthan ko prasiddh 'get ve aauf indiya' ke pas ek imarat men sthanantarit kar diya gaya, jo us samay 'rayal bambe yaaut klab' ke adhin thi. snsthan ka kuchh kary tab bhi kenilavarth men kee varshon tak chalata raha. aj 'paramanu oorja ayog' ka karyalay 'get ve aauf indiya' ke pas isi imarat 'anushakti bhavan' men karyarat hai jo 'old yaaut klab' (OYC) ke nam se jana jata hai. snsthan ka kary itani teji se age badhane laga tha ki 'old yaaut klab' bhi jaldi hi chhota padane laga. daau. bhabha punah sthan ki talash men lag ge. ab vah aisi jagah chahate the jahan snsthan ki sthayi imarat banayi ja sake. daau. bhabha ki nazar kolaba ke ek bahut bade bhookhnd par padi jisaka adhikansh hissa raksha mntralay ke adhin tha. kolaba ka yah kshetr qrarib 25,000 varg mitar ke kshetraphal men phaila hua tha. dvitiy vishvayuddh ke samay ki anek chhavaniyon se ghire is ilake ke bich ek anusndhan dal pahunch gaya.

vaigyanik aur prashasanik zimmedariyan

daau. bhabha ne apani vaigyanik aur prashasanik zimmedariyon ke sath-sath TIFR ki sthayi imarat ki bhi zimmedari uthayi. bhabha ne ise vishv ke sarvashreshth snsthanon men khada karane ka sapana dekha. unhonne amerika ke jane-mane vastukar ko isaki yojana banane ke liye amntrit kiya. is imarat ka shilanyas 1954 men neharoo ji ne kiya. daau. bhabha ne imarat nirman ke har pahaloo par bariki se dhyan diya. antatah 1962 men is imarat ka udghatan neharoo ji ke kar kamalon dvara hua.

akasmat nidhan

san 1966 men daau. bhabha ke akasmat nidhan se desh ko gahara aghat pahuncha. unake dvara dali gee mazaboot ninv ke karan hi unake bad bhi desh men paramanu oorja karyakram anavarat vikas ke marg par agrasar hai. daau. bhabha ke utkrisht karyon ke samman svaroop tatkalin pradhanamntri shrimati indira gandhi ji ne paramanu oorja snsthan, traaumbe (AEET) ko daau. bhabha ke nam par 'bhabha paramanu anusndhan kendr' nam diya. aj yah anusndhan kendr bharat ka gaurav hai aur vishv-star par paramanu oorja ke vikas men pathapradarshak ho raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

oopar jayen

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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