एडीसन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

edisan mahanh‌ avishkarak tamas ailva edisan ka janm ohayo rajy ke milain nagar men 11 pharavari, 1847 ee. ko hua. bachapan se hi edisan ne kushagrata, jigyasu vritti aur adhyavasay ka parichay diya. chhah varsh tak mata ne ghar par hi padhaya, sarvajanik vidyalay men inaki shiksha keval tin mas huee. to bhi edisan ne hyoom, siar, bartan, tatha giban ke mahanh‌ grnthon evn dikshanari aauv sainsez ka adhyayan 10ven janmadin tak poorn kar liya tha.

edisan 12 varsh ki ayu men phalon aur samacharapatron ke vikray ka dhndha karake parivar ko prati din ek dalar ki sahayata dene lage. ve rel men patr chhapate aur vaigyanik prayog karate. tar preshan men nipunata prapt kar 20 varsh ki ayu tak, edisan ne tar karmachari ke roop men naukari ki. jivikoparjan se bache samay ko edisan prayog aur parikshan men lagate the.

1869 ee. men edisan ne apane sarvapratham avishkar 'vidyuth‌ matadanaganak' ko petent karaya. naukari chhodakar prayogashala men avishkar karane ka nishchay kar nirdhan edisan ne adamy atmavishvas ka parichay diya. 1870-76 ee. ke bich edisan ne anek avishkar kie. ek hi tar par char, chhah, sndesh alag alag bhejane ki vidhi khoji, stak eksachenj ke lie tar chhapane ki svachalit mashin ko sudhara, tatha bel teliphon yntr ka vikas kiya. unhonne 1875 ee. men 'sayntifik amerikan' men 'eethariy bal' par khojapoorn lekh prakashit kiya; 1878 ee. men phonograph mashin petent karaee jisaki 1910 ee. men anek sudharon ke bad vartaman roop mila.

21 aktoobar, 1879 ee. ko edisan ne 40 ghnte se adhik samay tak bijali se jalanevala nirvat balb vishv ko bhent kiya. 1883 ee. men 'edisan prabhav' ki khoj ki, jo kalantar men vartaman rediyo valv ka janmadata siddh hua. agale das varsho men edisan ne prakash, ushma aur shakti ke lie vidyuth‌ ke utpadan aur tritari vitaran pranali ke sadhanon aur vidhiyon par prayog kie; bhoomi ke niche kebul ke lie vidyuth‌ ke tar ko rabad aur kapade men lapetane ki paddhati dhoondhi; dayanami aur motar men sudhar kie; yatriyon aur mal dhone ke lie vidyuth‌ relagadi tatha chalate jahaj se sndesh bhejane aur prapt karane ki vidhi ka avishkar kiya. edisan ne kshar snchayak baitari bhi taiyar ki; lauh ayask ko chunbakiy vidhi se gahan karane ka prayog kie, 1891 ee. men chalachitr kaimara petent karaya evn in chitron ko pradarshit karane ke lie kinaitoskop ka avishkar kiya.

pratham vishvayuddh men edisan ne jalasena salahakar bord ka adhyaksh banakar 40 yuddhopayogi avishkar kie. panama paisifik pradarshani ne 21 aktoobar, 1915 ee. ko edisan divas ka ayojan karake vishvakalyan ke lie sabase adhik avishkaron ke is upajata ko snmanit kiya. 1927 ee. men edisan naishanal aikaidami aauv sainsez ke sadasy nirvachit hue. 21 aktoobar, 1929 ko rashtrapati doosare ne apane vishisht atithi ke roop men edisan ka abhivadan kiya.

menalopark aur vest aaurenj ke karakhanon men edisan ne 50 varsh ke athak parishram se 1,033 avishkaron ko petent karaya. anavarat karnashool se pidit rahane par bhi alp manornjan, nirntar parishram, asim dhairy, ashcharyajanak smaran shakti aur anupam kalpana shakti dvara edisan ne itani saphalata paee. mrityu ko bhi unhonne gurutar prayogon ke lie doosari prayogashala men padarpan samajha. mainne apana jivanakary poorn kiya. ab main doosare prayog ke lie taiyar hoon, is bhavana ke sath vishv ki is mahanh‌ upakarak vibhooti ne 18 aktoobar, 1931 ko snsar se vida li.[1]


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madhyamik
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 237 |

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