वराहमिहिर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

varahamihir
varahamihir (kalpanik chitr)
poora nam varahamihir
janm ee. 499
janm bhoomi 'kapitha ganv', ujjain
mrityu ee. 587
abhibhavak pita- adityadas
sntan putr- prithuyasha
mukhy rachanaen brihajjatak, brihatsnhita aur pnchasiddhantika
puraskar-upadhi maharaj vikramadity ne mihir ko magadh desh ka sarvochch samman varah pradan kiya.
vishesh varah mihir ki mulaqat 'aryabhat' ke sath huee. is mulaqat ka yah prabhav pada ki ve ajivan khagolashastri bane rahe. aryabhat varahamihir ke guru the, aisa bhi ullekh milata hai.
any janakari bhavishy shastr aur khagol vidya men unake dvara kie gaye yogadan ke karan raja vikramadity dvitiy ne varah mihir ko apane darabar ke nau ratnon men sthan diya.

varahamihir (angrezi: Varāhamihira, janm: ee. 499 - mrityu: ee. 587) eesa ki panchavin-chhathi shatabdi ke bharatiy ganitgy evn khagol shastri the. varahamihir ne hi apane pnchasiddhantika namak grnth men sabase pahale bataya ki ayanansh ka man 50.32 sekend ke barabar hai. kapitthak (ujjain) men unake dvara vikasit ganitiy vigyan ka gurukul sat sau varshon tak advitiy raha. varahmihir bachapan se hi atyant medhavi aur tejasvi the. apane pita adityadas se paramparagat ganit evn jyotish sikhakar in kshetron men vyapak shodh kary kiya. samay mapak ghat yantr, indraprasth men lauhastambh ke nirman aur eeran ke shahnshah nausheravan ke amantran par jundishapur namak sthan par vedhashala ki sthapana - unake karyon ki ek jhalak dete hain.[1]

jivan parichay

varah mihir ka janm ujjain ke samip 'kapitha ganv' men ek brahman parivar men hua tha. pita adityadas soory ke upasak the. unhonne mihir ko (mihir ka arth soory) bhavishy shastr padhaya tha. mihir ne raja vikramadity ke putr ki mrityu 18 varsh ki ayu men hogi, yah bhavishyavani ki thi. har prakar ki savadhani rakhane ke bad bhi mihir dvara bataye gaye din ko hi rajakumar ki mrityu ho gayi. raja ne mihir ko bula kar kaha, 'main hara, ap jite'. mihir ne namrata se uttar diya, 'maharaj, vastav men main to nahin 'khagol shastr' ke 'bhavishy shastr' ka vigyan jita hai'. maharaj ne mihir ko magadh desh ka sarvochch samman varah pradan kiya aur usi din se mihir varah mihir ke nam se jane jane lage. bhavishy shastr aur khagol vidya men unake dvara kie gaye yogadan ke karan raja vikramadity dvitiy ne varah mihir ko apane darabar ke nau ratnon men sthan diya.

varah mihir ki mulaqat 'aryabhat' ke sath huee. is mulaqat ka yah prabhav pada ki ve ajivan khagolashastri bane rahe. aryabhat varahamihir ke guru the, aisa bhi ullekh milata hai. aryabhat ki tarah varah mihir ka bhi kahana tha ki prithvi gol hai. vigyan ke itihas men vah pahale vyakti the jinhonne bataya ki sabhi vastuon ka prithvi ki or akarshit hona kisi agyat bal ka abhari hai. sadiyon bad 'nyootan' ne is agyat bal ko 'gurutvakarshan bal' nam diya.

rachanaen

ved ke ek ang ke roop men jyotish ki ganana hone ke karan hamare desh men prachin kal se hi jyotish ka adhyayan hua tha. ved, vriddh garg snhita, suriyapannati, ashvalayan sootr, paraskar grihy sootr, mahabharat, manav dharmashastr jaise grnthon men jyotish ki anek baton ka samavesh hai. varah mihir ka pratham poorn grnth 'soory siddhant' tha jo is samay upalabdh nahin hai. varah mihir ne 'pnchasiddhantik' grnth men prachalit panch siddhanton- pulish, rochak, vashishth, saur (soory) aur pitamah ka hetu roop se varnan kiya hai. unhonne char prakar ke mah ginaye hain -

  1. saur,
  2. chandr,
  3. varshiy aur
  4. pakshik.

bhavishy vigyan is grnth ka doosara bhag hai. is grnth men latachary, sinhachary, aryabhat, pradyunn, vijayanandi ke vichar uddhrit kiye gaye hain. khed ki bat hai ki aryabhat ke atirikt inamen se kisi ke grnth upalabdh nahin hain.

varah mihir ke kathananusar jyotish shastr 'mntr', 'hora' aur 'shakha' in tin bhagon men vibhakt tha. hora aur shakha ka snbndh phalit jyotish ke sath hai. hora aur janm kundali se vyakti ke jivan snbndhi phalaphal ka vichar kiya jata hai.[[ shakha men dhoomaketu, ulkapat, shakun aur muhoort ka varnan aur vivechan hai. varah mihir ki 'vrihat snhita ' (400 shlok) phalit jyotish ka pramukh grnth hai. isamen makan banavane, kuan, talab khudavane, bag lagane, moorti sthapana adi ke shagun die gaye hain. vivah tatha digvijay ke prasthan ke samay ke lie bhi grnth likhe hain. phalit jyotish par 'brihajjatak' namak ek bada grnth likha. grah aur nakshatron ki sthiti dekhakar manushy ka bhavishy batana is grnth ka vishay hai. khagoliy ganit aur phalit jyotish ke mihir(soory) saman varah mihir ka gyan tin bhagon men bnta hua tha -

  1. khagol
  2. bhavishy vigyan
  3. vrikshayurved

vrikshayurved ke vishay men sahi gananaon se samriddh shastr unhonne likha hai. bobaee, khad banane ki vidhiyan, zamin ka chunav, bij, jalavayu, vriksh, samay nirikshan se varsha ki agahi adi vriksh, krishi snbndhi anek vishayon ka vivechan kiya hai. varah mihir ka snskrit vyakaran par achchha prabhutv tha. hora shastr, laghu jatak, brahmasphut siddhant, karan, soory siddhant, adi grnth varah mihir ne likhe the, aisa ullekh dekhane ko milata hai.

pustaken

550 ee. ke lagabhag inhonne tin mahatvapoorn pustaken brihajjatak, brihatsnhita aur pnchasiddhantika likhin. in pustakon men trikonamiti ke mahatvapoorn sootr die hue hain, jo varahamihir ke trikonamiti gyan ke parichayak hain.

pnchasiddhantika men varahamihir se poorv prachalit panch siddhanton ka varnan hai. ye siddhant hain: polishasiddhant, romakasiddhant, vasishthasiddhant, sooryasiddhant tatha pitamahasiddhant. varahamihir ne in poorvaprachalit siddhanton ki mahatvapoorn baten likhakar apani or se 'bij' namak snskar ka bhi nirdesh kiya hai, jisase in siddhanton dvara pariganit grah drishy ho saken. inhonne phalit jyotish ke laghujatak, brihajjatak tatha brihatsnhita namak tin grnth bhi likhe hain. brihatsnhita men vastuvidya, bhavan-nirman-kala, vayumndal ki prakriti, vrikshayurved adi vishay sammilit hain.[1]

mrityu

is mahanh vaigyanik ki mrityu eesvi sanh 587 men huee. varahamihir ki mrityu ke bad jyotish ganitgy brahmagupt (grnth- brahmasphut siddhant, khand khady), lall (lall siddhant), varah mihir ke putr prithuyasha (horasht pnchashika) aur chaturved prithadak svami, bhattotpann, shripati, brahmadev adi ne jyotish shastr ke grnthon par tika grnth likhe.

tathy

  • gupt kal ke prasiddh khagolashastri varahamihir hai.
  • inake prasiddh grnth 'vrihatsnhita' tatha 'panchasiddhantika' hai.
  • vrihatsnhita men nakshatr-vidya, vanaspatishastramh, prakritik itihas, bhautik bhoogol jaise vishayon par varnan hai.
  • ray-chaudhari[2] ke anusar eriake vrihatsnhit men ullikhit aryak bhi ho sakata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy snskriti ke sarjak, pej n. (67)

  1. 1.0 1.1 varahamihir jivani - Biography of Varahamihira (hindi) jivani daaut aaurg. abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2018.
  2. politakil histri aph enshent indiya- pri. 406

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah