गुप्तकालीन धार्मिक स्थिति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gupt samrajy ko brahman dharm v hindoo dharm ke punarutthan ka samay mana jata hai. hindoo dharm vikas yatra ke is charan men kuchh mahattvapoorn parivartan drishtigochar hue jaise moortipooja hindoo dharm ka samany lakshan ban gee. ygy ka sthan upasana ne le liya evn gupt kal men hi vaishnav evn shaiv dharm ke madhy samanvay sthapit hua. eeshvar bhakti ko mahattv diya gaya. tatkalin mahattvapoorn sampraday ke roop men vaishnav evn shaiv sampraday prachalan men the.

vaishnav dharm

yah gupt shasakon ka vyaktigat dharm tha. anek gupt rajaon ne 'paramabhagavath' ki upadhi dharan ki. in rajaon ne apani rajagyaen garudadhvaj se ankit karavayin. chandragupt dvitiy evn samudragupt dvara jari kie ge sikkon par vishnu ke vahan garud ki akriti khudi mili hai. isake atirikt vaishnav dharm ke kuchh any chihn jaise shnkh, chakr, gada, padm, lakshmi ka ankan bhi guptakalin sikkon par milata hai. guptakalin mahattvapoorn abhilekh skandagupt ka 'joonagadh' evn budhagupt ka 'eran abhilekh' vishnu stuti se hi prarambh hue hain. chakrapalit nam se guptakalin karmachari ne vishnu ke ek mndir ka nirman karavaya tha. chandragupt vikramadity ne vishnupad parvat ke shikhar par vishnudhvaj ki sthapana ki. guptakalin kuchh abhilekhon ne vishnu ko ‘madhusoodan‘ kaha gaya hai. vaishnav dharm gupt kal men apane charamontkarsh par rtha. 'avataravad' vaishnav dharm ka pradhan ang tha.

shaiv dharm

gupt rajaon ki dharmik sahishnuta ki bhavana ke karan hi shaiv dharm ka bhi vikas is kal men hua, jabaki gupton ka vyaktigat dharm vaishnav dharm tha. chandragupt vikramadity ka senapati virasena prakand shaiv viddhan tha. usane udayagiri pahadi ke andar shaivon ke nivas ke lie gupha ka nirman karaya tha. gupton ke samay men mathura men 'maheshvar' nam ka shaiv sampraday nivas kar raha tha. kalidas ke 'meghadoot' ke varnan men ujjayini men ek mahakal ke mandir ka varnan hai. shaiv dharm ka ek aur anuyayi prithvishen, jo kumaragupt pratham ka senapati tha, ne karamadanda namak sthan par ek shiv ki pratima sthapit ki. samnt maharaj hastin ke khoh abhilekh men ‘namo mahadev‘ ka ullekh hai. is prakar se yah spasht ho jata hai ki gupt kal men vaishnav dharm ke samane shaiv dharm ki avahelana nahin ki gayi. guptakal men bhagavan shiv ki moortiyan manaviy akar evn ling ke roop men banaee gee thi. manavakar shiv ki moortiyon men kosam se prapt moorti mahattvapoorn hai. ling moortiyon men nagod se prapt ekaling mukhakriti mahattvapoorn hai. shiv ke ardhanarishvar roop ki kalpana evn shiv tatha parvati ki ek sath moortiyon ka nirman sarvapratham isi kal men arambh hua. shaiv evn vaishnav dharm ke samanvay ko darshane vale bhagavan ‘harihar‘ ki moortiyon ka nirman gupt kal men hi hua. trimoorti pooja ke antargat is samay brahma, vishnu evn mahesh ki pooja arambh huee. ‘vaman puran‘ ke varnan ke anusar gupt kal men char shaiv sampradayon ka prachalan tha -

  1. shaiv
  2. pashupat
  3. kapalik
  4. kalamukh.

soory pooja

gupt kal men sooryopasak logon ka bhi sampraday tha. vikram snvat 529 ke 'mndasaur shilalekh' ke prarambhik kuchh shlonkon men soory bhagavan ki stuti ki gee hai. bulandashahar zile ke ‘madasyat‘ namak sthal par soory mndir hone ke sakshy mile hain. mihirakul ke 'gvaliyar abhilekh' se matrichet namak nagarik dvara gvaliyar men parvat shrring par ek prastar soory mndir banavane ke sakshy mile hai. soory ke anek namon men se abhilekhon men 'lokark', 'bhaskar', 'adity', 'varunasvami' evn 'martand' nam milate hain.

bauddh dharm

yadyapi gupt shasakon ne is dharm ko apana snrakshan pradan nahin kiya, phir bhi yah dharm vikasit hua. inake samay men bauddh dharm ke mukhy kendr ke roop men gaya, mathura, kaushambi, evn saranath prasiddh the. gupton ke samay men hi prasiddh bauddh vihar nalnda ki sthapana ki gee. sanchi ke ek lekh ke anusar chandragunpt dvitiy ne kisi amrakatrab nam ke bauddh dharm ke anuyayi ko apane rajy men oonche pad par niyukti kiya tha. is vyakti ne kakanadabar ke mahavihar ko 25 dinar dan men diya tha. gupt kal ke prasiddh bauddh achary vasubandhu, asng evn dinanag the. in acharyo ne apani vidvata ke dvara bharatiy gyan ke vikas men sahayog kiya. chini yatri fahyan ke anusar gupt kal men bauddh dharm apane svabhavik roop men vikasit ho raha tha. bauddh dharm ki mahayan shakha ke antargat madhyamik evn yogachar sampraday ka vikas hua. isamen yogachar sampraday gupton ke samay men kafi prachalit tha. gupt kal men hi aryadev ne ‘chatushshatak‘ evn asng ne ‘mahayan sngrah‘, yogachar bhoomishastr tatha mahayan sootralnkar jaise grnthon ki rachana ki.

bauddh dharm ka pratik

jain dharm

guptakal men jain dharm ka vikas hua. gupton ke samay men hi mathura (313 ee.) evn vallabhi (453 ee.) men jain sabhaen ayojit ki gee. is samay moortiyon ke nirman ke antargat mahavir evn any tirthnkar ki sidhi khadi huee evn palathi marakar baithi huee moortiyan nirmit ki gee. guptakal men jain dharm madhyamavargiy logon evn vyapariyon men khoob prachalit tha. kadnb evn gng rajaon ne is dharm ko snrakshan pradan kiya. 426 ee. ke kumaragupt pratham ke udayagiri abhilekh men kisi shnkar nam ke jain dharm anuyayi dvara parshrvanath ki moortiyon ki sthapana ka ullekh milata hai. pahadapur se prapt lekhon men jain mndiron ko bhoomidan ka ullekh milata hai.

‘kahaum lekh‘ se spasht hota hai ki skndagupt ke samay madr nam ke vyakti ne panch jain tirthnkar- rishabhanath (adinath), shantinath, neminath, parshvanath evn mahavir ki moortiyon ki sthapana karaee. mathura abhilekh ke varnan ke anusar kumaragupt pratham ke samay men harisvamini nam ki jain matavalambi mahila ne jain mndir ko dan diya. gupton ke samay jain dharm magadh se lekar kaling, mathura, udayagiri, tamilanadu tak phaila tha.

shaddarshan

sankhy, yog, nyay, vaisheshik, poorv evn uttar mimansa (vedant) ki mahattvapoorn kritiyon ki rachana gupt yug men huee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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