कछवाहा वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kachhavaha vnsh rajasthan ke itihas men prasiddh chauhanon ki ek shakha, jo rajasthani itihas ke mnch par barahavin sadi se dikhaee deta hai. kachhavahon ko prarambh men mina aur badagurjaron ka samana karana pada tha. is vnsh ke prarambhik shasakon men dulharay v prithviraj bade़ prabhavashali the, jinhonne dausa, ramagadh, khoh, jhotavada, getor tatha amer ko apane rajy men sammilit kiya tha.

mugalon se sambndh

kachhavahe prithviraj chauhan, rana sanga ka samant hone ke nate 'khanava ke yuddh' (1527) men mugal badashah babar ke viruddh lade the. prithviraj ki mrityu ke bad kachhavahon ki sthiti sntoshajanak nahin thi. grihakalah tatha ayogy shasakon se rajy nirbal ho raha tha. 1547 ee. men raja bharamal ne amer ki bagador apane hath men li. bharamal ne udiyaman akabar ki shakti ka mahattv samajha aur 1562 ee. men akabar ki adhinata svikar kar apani jyeshth putri 'harakoobaee'[1] ka vivah akabar ke sath kar diya. akabar ki yah begam 'mariyam-ujjamani' ke nam se vikhyat huee. bharamal pahala rajapoot tha, jisane mugalon se vaivahik sambandh sthapit kiye the.[2]

manasinh tatha bhagavanadas

raja bharamal ke pashchath kachhavaha shasak manasinh akabar ke darabar ka yogy senanayak tha. ranathambhaur ke 1569 ee. ke akraman ke samay manasinh aur usake pita bhagavanadas akabar ke sath the. manasinh ko akabar ne kabul, bihar aur bngal ka soobedar niyukt kiya tha. vah akabar ke navaratnon men shamil tha. badashah akabar ne use 7000 ka manasab pradan kiya tha. manasinh ne amer men 'shiladevi mandir', 'jagat shiromani mandir' ityadi ka nirman karavaya tha. isake samay men dadoo dayal ne 'vani' ki rachana ki thi.

mirza raja jayasinh

manasinh ke pashchath ke shasakon men mirza raja jayasinh (1621-1667 ee.) mahattvapoorn tha, jisane 46 varshon tak shasan kiya. is dauran use any mugal badashahon jahangir, shahajahan aur aurngazeb ki seva men rahane ka avasar prapt hua tha. use shahajahan ne 'mirza raja' ka khitab pradan kiya tha. aurngazeb ne mirza raja jayasinh ko marathon ke viruddh dakshin bharat men niyukt kiya tha. jayasinh ne purandar men chhatrapati shivaji ko parajit kar use mugalon se sndhi ke lie badhy kiya tha. 11 joon, 1665 ko shivaji aur jayasinh ke madhy itihas prasiddh 'purandar ki sandhi' huee thi, jisake anusar avashyakata padane par shivaji ne mugalon ki seva men upasthit hone ka vachan diya tha. is prakar 'purandar ki sandhi' jayasinh ki rajanitik dooradarshita ka ek saphal parinam thi. jayasinh ke banavaye amer ke mahal tatha jayagadh aur aurngabad men jayasinhapura usaki vastukala ke prati ruchi ko pradarshit karate hain. usake darabar men hindi ka prasiddh kavi biharimal tha.[2]

savaee jayasinh dvitiy

kachhavaha shasakon men savaee jayasinh dvitiy (1700-1743) ka advitiy sthan hai. vah rajanitigy, kootanitigy, khagolavid, vidvanh evn sahityakar tatha kala ka parakhi tha. vah malava ka mugal soobedar raha tha. jayasinh ne mugal pratinidhi ke roop men badanasinh ke sahayog se jaton ka daman kiya. savaee jayasinh ne rajapootana men apani sthiti majaboot karane tatha marathon ka mukabala karane ke uddeshy se 17 julaee,1734 ko 'hurada' (bhilavada) men rajapoot rajaon ka sammelan ayojit kiya tha. isamen jayapur, jodhapur, udayapur, kota, kishanagadh, nagaur, bikaner adi ke shasakon ne bhag liya tha; parantu is sammelan ka jo parinam hona chahie tha, vah nahin hua, kyonki rajasthan ke shasakon ke svarth bhinn-bhinn the. savaee jayasinh apana prabhav badhane ke uddeshy se boondi ke antarik mamalon men hastakshep kar svayn vahan ka sarvesarva ban baitha, parantu boondi ke buddhasinh ki patni amar kunvari ne, jo jayasinh ki bahin thi, maratha malhararav holkar ko apana rakhiband bhaee banakar aur dhan ka lalach dekar boondi amntrit kiya, jisase holkar aur sindhiya ne boondi par akraman kar diya.[2]

savaee jayasinh snskrit aur farasi bhasha ka vidvanh hone ke sath ganit aur khagolashastr ka asadharan pandit tha. usane 1725 ee. men nakshatron ki shuddh sarani banaee aur usaka nam tatkalin mugal samrat ke nam par 'jijamuhammadashahi' nam rakha. usane 'jayasinh karika’ namak jyotish grnth ki bhi rachana ki. savaee jayasinh ki mahanh den jayapur hai, jisaki usane 1727 ee. men sthapana ki thi. jayapur ka vastukar vidyadhar bhattachary tha. nagar nirman ke vichar se yah nagar bharat tatha yoorop men apane dhng ka anootha hai, jisaki samakalin aur vatarmanakalin videshi yatriyon ne muktaknth se prashnsa ki hai. jayapur men jayasinh ne sudarshanagadh (naharagadh) qile ka nirman karavaya tatha jayagadh qile men 'jayaban' namak top banavaee. usane dilli, jayapur, ujjain, mathura aur banaras men panch vaidhashalaon (jantar-mantar) ka nirman grah-nakshatradi ki gati ko sahi taur se janane ke lie karavaya. jayapur ke jantar-mantar men savaee jayasinh dvara nirmit 'soory ghadi' hai, jise 'samrat yntr' ke nam se jana jata hai, jise duniya ki sabase badi soory ghadi ke roop men prasiddhi prapt hai. dharmarakshak hone ke nate savaee jayasinh ne vajapey, rajasooy adi ygyon ka ayojan kiya tha. vah antim hindoo naresh tha, jisane bharatiy parampara ke anukool 'ashvamedh ygy bhi kiya. is prakar savaee jayasinh apane shaury, bal, kootaniti aur vidvata ke karan apane samay ka khyati prapt vyakti ban gaya tha, parantu vah yug ke prachalit doshon se oopar n uth saka.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kahin-kahin par jodhabaee
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 amer ka kachhavaha vnsh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 08 joon, 2014.
  3. sabhar- madhyamik shiksha bord, rajasthan ki rajasthan adhyayan ki pustak

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