होल्कर वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

holkar vnsh bharat men indaur ke maratha shasak rahe hain. inhen moolaroop se ek charavaha jati ya krishak vnsh ke roop men jana jata tha, jo mathura zile se akar dakkan ke ganv ‘hol’ ya ‘hal’ men bas gaye the. isi ganv ke nivasi hone ke karan inaka parivarik nam 'holkar' ho gaya. is rajavnsh ke snsthapak malhararav holkar apani yogyata ke balaboote par kisan mool se oopar uthe the. malhararav ki mrityu ke pashchath unaki putravadhu ahilyabaee holkar ne rajapat apane hathon men le liya aur badi hi kushalata ke sath usaka snchalan kiya.

ahilyabaee

1724 ee. men maratha rajy ke peshava (pradhanamntri) bajirav pratham ne malhararav holkar ko 500 ghudasavar sainikon ki kaman saunpi aur jaldi hi vah malava men peshava ke pradhan senapati ban gaye, jisaka mukhyalay 'maheshvar' v 'indaur' men tha. 1766 ee. men mrityu hone tak malhararav malava ke vastavik shasak the. 1767 se 1794 ee. tak unake putr khanderav ki vidhava ahilyabaee holkar ne bahut kushalata aur yogyatapoorvak rajy ka shasan chalaya. hinsa ke sagar men indaur samriddhi tatha shanti ka sagar tha aur ahilyabaee ke shasan, nyay v buddhi ke lie vikhyat tha. unhonne apane door ke sambandhi tukoji holkar ko apana senapati niyukt kiya tha, jo do varsh bad ahilyabaee holkarahilyabaee ki mrityu hone par unake uttaradhikari bane. 1797 ee. men tukoji holkar ke najayaz bete jasavantarav ne satta par qabza kar liya.

angrezon ki adhinata

1803 men doosara maratha yuddh chhidane par jasavantarav tatasth rahe, lekin 1804 ee. men sindhiya (maratha mahasngh ki ek riyasat) ki parajay ke bad unhonne british sena par hamala kiya aur dilli ko gher liya. lekin navambar, 1804 ee. men dig aur farrukhabad men unaki senaen har geen aur ek varsh bad unhonne angrezon samajhauta kar liya. isake bad vah vikshipt ho gaye aur 1811 ee. men unaki mrityu ho gee. vivadon aur padatyagon se joojhate 'holkar vnsh' ka shasan 1947 ee. men desh ke azad hone aur rajy ke alag astitv ki samapti tak chalata raha.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

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