भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy prashasanik seva vah prashasakiy seva hai jise eest indiya kampani ne bharat men apana prashasan chalane ke lie chaloo kiya tha. pahale isaka nam kampani raj ki sivil sarvis tha, bad men isaka nam badalakar bharatiy prashasanik seva (indiyan sivil sarvis) rakha gaya. isaka arambh atyant chhote roop men hua. vyapariyon ki snstha ke roop men kampani ne apani seva men angrez yuvakon ko lipik ke pad par niyukt kiya. ye british yuvak am taur se prabandhakon dvara manonit hote the aur kampani ke sheyar holdaron se rishtedari ke adhar par chune jate the. unaki umr 20 varsh se kam hoti thi. unhen skooli shiksha ya to bilkul mili hi n ho ya kam mili hoti thi. unaka vetan bhi bahut kam hota tha.

qarar vali sivil seva

1757 ee. men plasi ke yuddh ke bad jab kampani ke adhipaty men bharat ka kafi bada kshetr a gaya, to usane navavijit kshetron ka prashasan apane in lipikon ke supurd kar diya. in navaniyukt afasaron ne zabaradast bhrashtachar aur beeemani shuroo kar di. at: kampani ne unase ek qarar par hastakshar karane ko kaha, jisamen kampani ki seva eemanadari aur sachchaee ke sath karane ka vachan manga gaya tha. isi adhar par angrezi men is qararashuda seva ko kavenented sivil sarvis (qarar vali sivil seva) kaha jane laga. bngal men laaurd klaiv ke doosari bar ke prashasanakal men kampani ne pahali bar apane afasaron ko ukt qarar karane ko badhy kiya. afasaron ne shuroo men to is nee vyavastha ka virodh kiya kintu antat: unhen jhukana pada. laaurd karnavalis ke prashasan kal men yah kavenented sivil sarvis bharat men kampani ke prashasan tntr ka ek niyamit ang ban gee.

angrezon ka ekadhikar

laaurd karnavalis ne is seva men sirf angrezon ko hi bharti kiya aur unake vetan bhi badha diye gaye. kampani ke antargat sabhi mahattvapoorn sivil padon par angrezon ki niyukti hoti aur zila kalektaron, majistreton, jajon ke padon par to jaise unaka ekadhikar ho gaya. bad ko jab vibhagiy sachivon aur rajanayik ejenton ke pad chaloo kiye gaye to un par bhi angrezon ko hi niyukt kiya gaya. laaurd velejali ne kavenented sivil sarvis ke sadasyon ka bauddhik star ooncha uthane ke lie ek nishchit avadhi tak unake prashikshan ki vyavastha ki. isake lie usane kalakatta men fort viliyam kaaulej ki sthapana ki. kintu 1805 ee. men yah kaaulej bnd karana pada, kyonki is par hone vale kharch par kampani ne aitaraz kiya. isake bad ke pachas varshon men kavenented sivil sarvis ke rngarooton ko lndan ke helebari kaaulej men prashikshan diya jata raha. inamen se kuchh rngaroot to vastav men atyant yogy aur saphal prashasak siddh hue, kintu samany tariqe se ausat sadasyon men bahut kamiyan paee jati thin, kyonki kavenented sivil sarvis men kampani ke dayarektaron dvara namajad logon ki bharti hoti thi, jinhen yogy prashasak banane ke lie apekshit shiksha bilkul prapt nahin thi. phalat: svayn inglainnd men hi yah mang uthi ki sarvottam medhavi british yuvakon ko hi prashasak banakar bharat bheja jana chahie.

pratiyogita madhyam

ab 1853 ee. men kavenented sivil sarvis men, jo ab bharatiy prashasanik seva ke nam se pukari jane lagi, pravesh sarvajanik pratiyogita ke madhyam se sabake lie khol diya gaya. 1855 ee. men lndan men bord aauf kntrol ki dekharekh men pahali sarvajanik pratiyogita huee. sanh 1858 se yah pratiyogita sivil sarvis kamishnaron ki dekharekh men hone lagi. is prakar bharatiy prashasanik seva men sabhi medhavi british yuvakon ke lie pravesh ka dvar khul gaya. lekin chartar ekt, 1832 ee. aur 1858 ee. men maharani ke ghoshanapatr ke bavajood bharatiy ab bhi pravesh se vnchit rahe. 1864 ee. men pahali bar ek bharatiy (mahakavi ravindranath thakur ke bade bhaee satyendranath thakur) lndan men huee bharatiy prashasanik seva (indiyan sivil sarvis) ki pratiyogita men saphal hue aur unhonne bharatiy prashasanik seva men sthan prapt kiya. kintu bharatiy prashasanik seva men bharatiyon ka pravesh atyalp raha aur 1876 men adhikatam umr 23 varsh se ghatakar 19 varsh kar dene se yah pravesh asambhav nahin to aur kathin avashy bana diya gaya. inhen bhi dekhen: pratiyogita pariksha

bharatiyon ki mang

baharahal is samay tak bharat men pashchaty shiksha ka prasar ho gaya tha, isalie bharatiy vishvavidyalayon ke naye snatakon dvara bharatiy prashasanik seva (indiyan sivil sarvis) men pravesh ki adhik suvidhaen mangana svabhavik tha. bharatiyon ne yah mang karana shuroo kiya ki bharatiy prashasanik seva men pravesh ke lie lndan ke sath hi sath bharat men bhi ek pratiyogita pariksha honi chahie aur pravesh ki adhikatam umr pahale ki tarah 23 varsh kar di jae. bad men is mang par bharatiy rashtriy kangres ne bhi zor diya aur shuroo ke pray: sabhi adhiveshanon men is mang ko doharaya gaya. lekin barabar nazarandaz kiya jata raha.

angrezon ka paksh

1878 ee. men bharatiy mang ko talane ke lie ek nee seva arambh ki gee, jise stetyootari sivil sarvis ka nam diya gaya aur isamen bharatiyon ko bharti kiya gaya. is seva ke log kam mahattvavale kuchh oonche padon par, vishesh roop se nyayik padon par, niyukt kiye gaye aur unhen ek se padon par kary karane ke bavajood bharatiy prashasanik seva ke sadasyon ke muqabale do-tihaee vetan diya jata raha. isalie is seva se bhi bharatiy mang sntusht nahin huee aur 1885 ee. men is seva ko samapt kar diya gaya. umr ki sima 1829 men badhakar 23 varsh kar di gee, kintu bharatiy prashasanik seva (indiyan sivil sarvis) men pravesh ke lie bharat men bhi pratiyogita pariksha karane ki mang 1922 ee. tak nahin mani gee. briten aur bharat donon hi sarakaron ka bharasak prayas ab bhi yahi raha ki, bharatiy prashasanik seva men bahuly angrezon ka hi bana rahe.

pradhanamntri ka bhashan

pradhanamntri laaurd jarj ne agast 1922 men kaman sabha (haus aauf kamans) men apane ek bhashan men bharatiy prashasanik seva ke angrez naukarashahon ko bharatiy snvaidhanik dhanche ka ispati chaukhata kaha aur bhavishyavani ki ki agar ap is ispati chaukhate ko hata len to poora dhancha hi dhah jaega. kintu 25 varshon ke bad is ispati chaukhate ke bane rahane par bhi dhancha dhah pada.

ghrinit prayas

asaliyat yah thi ki bharatiy prashasanik seva (indiyan sivil sarvis) ke british sadasyon ne bharat ke vikas aur yahan tak ki usake rajanitik bhavishy ke vikas men bhi nisndeh mahattvapoorn yog diya, kintu ve apane ko bharat ka ang kabhi bhi n bana pae. ve bharat ke lie bahut mnhage the. unhonne amataur se bharatiyon ko apane se hamesha hi nicha samajha. apane astitv ko bachane ke lie unaka antim prayas bada hi ghrinit tha. unhonne bharat men sampradayik tanav is had tak badha diya ki agast, 1947 men akhirakar jab unhen paristhitiyon ne bharat chhodane ko vivash kar diya to ve use do tukadon men bnta hua aur lahoo-luhan chhodakar chale gaye.

prashikshan snsthan

is seva hetu chayanit abhyathiyon ke prashikshan ki vyavastha uttarakhnd rajy ke masoori namak sthan par hoti hain. inhen bhi dekhen: masoori

rajy prashasanik seva

rajyon ka dhancha snghatmak banaya gaya tha, tathapi sarvajanik sevarat karmachariyon ki manamani padachyuti, sthanantaran, padon ke nyoonikaran adi se bachav ke lie sare desh men ek jaisi vyavastha snvidhan dvara ki gee. bharatiy prashasanik seva ke anuroop rajy star par prashasan ki sahayata ke liye rajy prashasanik sevaain (stet sivil sarvis) hoti hain , jise rajy sivil seva ke roop men bhi jana jata hai, yah rajy star ki sivil seva hai aur isamen rajy sarakar ki sthayi naukarashahi hoti hain.

1947 se 1950 ki avadhi men in sevaon ki sthapana tatha tatsnbndhi any nishchayon ke sath hi sath snvidhan sabha ne svatntr bharat ke lie ek snvidhan ka nirman kar diya aur vibhinn riyasaton ke vilayan ke bad desh men rajanitik ekata sthapit ho gee. snvidhan ka svaroop, jisake adhin ye lokasevaen thin, in rajanitik parivartanon ko dhyan men rakhakar sthir kiya gaya tha.

samast desh men sarvajanik sevaon aur padon par bharati aur niyukti lokaseva ayogon ke madhyam se karane ki vyavastha ki gee. seva ki sthitiyon, unnati, sthanantaran, anushasanik karyavahi tatha sevakal men huee kshati athava vivad adi ki avastha men in karmachariyon ke adhikaron se snbndhit niyamadi banane ke snbndh men bhi in ayogon ki ray lena avashyak mana gaya. inhen bhi dekhen: uttar pradesh rajy prashasanik seva

sivil seva divas

21 aprail ko sivil seva divas manaya jata hai. is divas ka uddeshy nagarikon ke lie apane ap ko ek bar punah samarpit aur phir se vachanabaddh karana hai. ise sabhi sivil seva dvara manaya jata hai. is avasar par, kendriy aur rajy sarakaron ke sabhi adhikariyon ko bharat ke pradhanamntri dvara sarvajanik prashasan men utkrishthata ke lie sammanit kiya jata hai.

inhen bhi dekhen: sivil seva divas


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 72.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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