इस्तमरारी बन्दोबस्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

istamarari bandobast british shasan kal men bharat men prachalit thi. yah vyavastha bhoomi tatha lagan ki vasooli se sambandhit thi. laaurd kaaurnavaaulis ki is vyavastha se sarvadhik labh jamindaron ko hua. unaki angrezon ke prati rajabhakti badh gee aur isase bharat men angrezi shasan ko dridh hone men madad mili aur unaki jaden majaboot hueen.

shuruat

laaurd kaaurnavaaulis ne inglaind ki snsad ke paramarshanusar san 1786 ee. men lagan vasooli ka ek das sala bandobast kiya aur yah nishchay hua ki angrezon ke adhikrit tatkalin bharatiy bhoomi kshetr men yadi istamarari vyavastha sntoshaprad siddh huee to ise sthayi roop de diya jaega. ukt vyavastha ke phalasvaroop varsh 1793 ee. men laaurd kaaurnavaaulis ne bngal ki malagujari ka 'sthayi bandobast' kar diya. isake anusar zamindar jis bhoomi ka lagan vasool karate the, usake malik man lie ge tatha lagan ki daren bhi nishchit kar di gee.[1]

jamindaron ko labh

apani dekh-rekh tatha prabndh men zamindar apane adhin bhoomi se jo atirikt ay karata tha, us par bhi usi ka svatv man liya gaya. krishakon se liya jane vala lagan bhi patte dvara nishchit kar diya gaya. is bandobast se sarakar, zamindar aur kisan tinon hi bhinn-bhinn dhng se prabhavit hue. bhavishy men jamin ki kimat aur paidavar badh jane par bhi sarakar lagan nahin badha sakati thi. at: use bhari nukasan uthana pada. lekin sarakar ko labh yah hua ki samay-samay par malagujari niyat karane aur vasool karane ki jhnjhat se use chhutakara mil gaya. jamindaron ko isase atyadhik labh hua. ve samriddh ho ge. unaki angrezon ke prati rajabhakti badhi aur isase bharat men angrezi shasan ki jaden majaboot huee.

labhahin kisan

bngal men bahut-si jamin kheti ke layak bana di gee aur bharat men bngal ka prant sabase adhik samriddhishali aur unnatishil ban gaya. adhik lagan milane se zamindar dhani hue aur vanijy vyapar men bhi isase suvidha huee. parntu kisanon ko is vyavastha se kuchh bhi labh n hua. unhen lagan bhi adhik dena padata tha or jamindaron ke karindon ke hathon unhen atyachar bhi sahane padate the. garib hone ke karan kisan atyacharon ke viruddh adalati karravaee bhi nahin kar sakate the. jamindaron ke atyacharon ko rokane ke lie 1859 ee. men 'bngal tenensi aikt' banana pada.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. istamarari bandobast (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah