साम्प्रदायिक निर्णय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sampradayik nirnay 4 agast, 1932 ee. ko british pradhanamntri remje mekadonald ke dvara diya gaya tha. isi nirnay ke adhar par naya bharatiy shasan-vidhan banane vala tha, jis par us samay landan men golamej sammelan men vichar-vimarsh chal raha tha aur jo bad men 1935 ee. men pas hua. sampradayik nirnay 1909 ee. ke bharatiy shasan-vidhan men nihit sampradayik pratinidhitv ke siddhant par adharit tha. 1906 ee. men jab yah spasht ho gaya ki desh ke prashasan men bharatiyon ko adhik pratinidhitv dene ke lie prachalit shasan-vidhan men shighr snshodhan kiya jaega, tab bharat sthit kuchh angrez adhikariyon ne vaisaray lard minto dvitiy ki sath-ganth se musalamanon ko prerit kiya ki ve 'hij haeenes' sar aga khan ke netritv men ek pratinidhimandal vaisaray ke pas le jaen.

lard minto dvitiy ki chal

is pratinidhimandal ne vaisaray se anurodh kiya ki musalamanon ke hiton ki raksha aur unake samuchit pratinidhitv ke lie unake vaste khasataur se alag nirvachan kshetr banaye jaen. in logon ne apani mang ka karan yah bataya ki bharat men adhikatar musalaman bahut zyada garib hain, jisaki vajah se ve sampatti sambandhi arhataon ke adhar par taiyar ki gee matadata soochi men paryapt pratinidhitv nahin pa sakenge. vaisaray minto bharat men, khasakar bngal men badhati huee rashtriyata ki lahar ko dabane ke lie koee n koee upay khoj raha tha. usane socha hindoo aur musalamanon men phoot paida kar dena sarakar ke lie labhadayak hoga. isi niyat se lard minto dvitiy ki sarakar ne musalamanon ki mang phauran mal li aur 1909 ee. ke bharatiy shasan-vidhan men 'impiriyal lejisletiv kaunsil' ke nirvachan ke lie chhah vishesh muslim zamindar nirvachan kshetron ki vyavastha ki. pranton ke lie bhi isi tarah alag nirvachan kshetr banaye ge.

sampradayik pratinidhitv ki mang

angrezon ka yah qadam shadyntr se bhara hua tha aur ise thik hi 'pakistan ka bijaropad' kaha gaya hai. angrezon ka gupt samarthan pakar musalamanon ki prithakh sampradayik pratinidhitv ki mang ane vale varshon men zor pakadati gee aur ise svikar kar liya gaya. tisare dashak men bharatiy shasan-vidhan men jab snshodhan kiye jane vale the, sampradayikata ke adhar par vishesh pratinidhitv dene ki mang n keval musalamanon varanh sikkh, eesaee, jain, parasi aur janajatiyon ki taraf se bhi uthaee gee. bharatiyon ki ekata ko nasht karane vali yah phoot us samay samane a gee thi, lekin bharatiy apas men koee samajhauta n kar sake.

raimaje maikadonald ka nirnay

landan men is prashn par vichar karane ke lie lagatar tin golamej sammelan hue, jinaka koee natija nahin nikala. aisi sthiti men briten ke pradhanamntri raimaje maikadonald ko 'phoot dalo aur shasan karo' ke siddhant ko karyaroop men parinat karane ka uttam avasar prapt ho gaya. usane 4 agast, 1932 ee. ko 'sampradayik nirnay' ghoshit kiya. yah pnch-faisala nahin, bharatiy janata par thopa gaya adesh tha, kyonki kangres ne isake lie kabhi mang nahin ki thi. is nirnay men bharatiyon men n keval dharm, varanh jati ke adhar par bhi vibhajan ko manyata di gee aur hinduon ke dalit vargon ko bhi prithakh pratinidhitv pradan kiya gaya. yah vyavastha atyant shararatapoorn thi, kyonki isaka uddeshy hinduon ko hamesha ke lie do tukadon men bant dena tha.

pramukh pravadhan

sampradayik nirnay ke pramukh pravadhan is prakar the-

  1. prantiy vyavasthapika sabhaon ki sadasy snkhya ko do guna karane ki yojana.
  2. musalaman, sikkhon evn bharatiy eesaiyon ke sath harijanon ke lie bhi hinduon se alag nirvachan tatha pratinidhitv ki vyavastha.

bharat ka vibhajan

mahatma gandhi ne is nirnay ke viruddh jab amaran anashan kiya, tab 24 sitambar, 1932 ee. ko poona paikt (samajhauta) ke dvara usamen snshodhan kiya gaya. isake anusar dalit vargon ko hinduon ka abhinn ang mana gaya, lekin phir bhi desh ke vidhanamandalon men unhen samany tatha vishisht donon prakar ka pratinidhitv pradan kiya gaya. sampradayik nirnay ne jahan vibhinn rajy vidhanamandalon men dalit vargon ke lie 73 siten avntit ki, vahin poona men paikt ne unhen kendriy vidhanamandal men 148 vishisht siten aur 18 pratishat samany siten avntit kin. musalamanon ki siten aparivartit rahin. is prakar bharatiy nishchit roop se do samudayon men bnt gaye aur usaka parinam antat: yah nikala ki 1947 ee. men bharat ka vibhajan karana pada.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 468.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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