अनवरुद्दीन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anavaruddin
navab anavaruddin
poora nam navab anavaruddin
mrityu tithi agast, 1749 ee.
yuddh amboor ki ladaee
shasan kal 1743-1749 ee.
snbndhit lekh karnatak yuddh, doople, fransisi, angrez, astriya ke uttaradhikar ka yuddh
any janakari anavaruddin karnatak ke navab ke roop men fransisi aur angrez donon ka snrakshak tha, isalie asha ki jati thi ki vah apane rajy men un donon ko ladane se rokega. angrez aur fransisi donon snkatakal men usako apana snrakshak svikar kar lete the.

anavaruddin (1743-1749 ee.) arambh men nizamulmulq asafajah ka karmachari tha. nizam ne prasann hokar usako 1743 ee. men karnatak ka navab niyukt kar diya. usaki rajadhani arkat thi. nizam ne pahale navab dostali ke ladakon aur rishtedaron ko navab nahin banaya. us samay karnatak men ashanti phaili huee thi. marathe lagatar hamale kar rahe the aur purane navab maraham dostali ke rishtedar naye navab ke lie mushkilen paida kar rahe the. us samay ashanti aur badhi, jab 'astriya ke uttaradhikar ka yuddh' (1740-48 ee.) shuroo ho gaya aur karnatak ke kshetr men pandicheri aur madras men sthit fransisi aur angrez vyapari bhi apas men ladane lage.

snrakshak

anavaruddin karnatak ke navab ke roop men fransisi aur angrez donon ka snrakshak tha, isalie asha ki jati thi ki vah apane rajy men un donon ko ladane se rokega. angrez aur fransisi donon snkatakal men usako apana snrakshak svikar kar lete the. is tarah yuddh ke arambh men jab adhik nausainik shakti ke bal par angrezon ne fransisi jahazon ko lootana shuroo kiya to, pandicheri ke fransisi gavarnar doople ne navab se fransisi jahazon ki raksha karane ki prarthana ki. lekin navab ke pas jahaz nahin the, isalie angrezon ne usake virodh ki dhrishtapoorvak upeksha kar di aur apani ladaee jari rakhi. lekin jab 1746 ee. men fransisiyon ne madras par ghera dala to angrezon ne bhi jo ab tak navab ke adhikar ki upeksha kar rahe the, navab anavaruddin se suraksha ki prarthana ki.

yuddh

anavaruddin ne snrakshak ki haisiyat se doople se madras ka ghera utha lene aur shanti qayam rakhane ke lie kaha, lekin fransisiyon ne usaki ek n suni. choonki angrezon aur fransisiyon ki ladaee jahan zamin par chal rahi thi aur anavaruddin ke pas badi fauj thi, isalie usane fransisiyon dvara dale ge madras ke ghere ko todane ke lie apani sena bheji. lekin navab ki sena ke pahunchane ke pahale hi fransisiyon ne madras par qabza kar liya. navab ki sena ne fransisiyon ko madras men gher liya. is par chhoti si fransisi sena ne, jo madras ke qile men surakshit thi, tiddi dal jaisi navab ki sena par chhapa mara aur use bikhara diya. navab ki sena pichhe hatakar 'sent tam' namak sthan par chali aee, jahan ek chhoti si fransisi kumuk ne, jo madras men ghiri fansisi sena ki sahayata ke lie ja rahi thi, use pun: hara diya. in parajayon ke parinamasvaroop navab anavaruddin ki halat angrezon aur fransisiyon ke bich chalane vale yuddh ke dauran asahay darshak ki bani rahi. in parajayon ka dooragami parinam bhi nikala.

doople ki gupt sndhi

doople ko yah vishvas ho gaya ki chhoti si sushikshit fransisi sena apane se badi bharatiy sena ko asani se parajit kar sakati hai. doople ne nishchay kiya ki usaki shreshth sainik shakti bharat ke deshi rajaon ke antarik mamalon men nirbhay hokar hastakshep kar sakati hai. isalie jab angrezon aur fransisiyon ka yuddh samapt ho gaya, to doople ne karnatak ke purane navab ke damad chanda sahab se gupt sndhi kar li, jisamen usako karnatak ka navab banavane ka vada kiya gaya tha. is sndhi ke anusar chanda sahab aur fransisi senaon ne anavaruddin ko belor ke dakshin-pashchim men sthit 'amboor ki ladaee' men agast, 1749 ee. men parajit kar diya aur vah mara gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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