विलियम होजेज़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

viliyam hojez (angrezi: William Hodges) ek british kalakar tha jo kaipten kuk ke sath usaki prashant mahasagar ki doosari samudr yatra (1772-75) ke dauran prashant kshetr men gaya tha aur vahan se bharat aya tha.

  • 1781 men vah bhagalapur ke kalektar aaugastas klivalaind ka mitr ban gaya tha.
  • klivalaind ke nimntran par hojez 1782 men usake sath jngal mahalon ke bhraman par gaya tha. vahan hojez ne kee ekvatint taiyar kie the.
  • us samay ke anek chitrakaron ki tarah hojez ne bhi bade sundar-sundar ramaniy drishyon ki khoj ki thi. us samay ke chitropam drishyon ke khoji kalakar svachchhndatavad ki vicharadhara se prerit the; is vicharadhara ke antargat prakriti ki pooja ki jati thi aur usake saundary evn shakti ki prashnsa ki jati thi.
  • roomani kalakar yah mahasoos karate the ki prakriti se snlap snbndh banane ke lie yah avashyak hai ki kalakar prakriti ke nikat snpark men ae, apane gram giton men prakriti ka chitran kare, adhunik kritrim sabhyata se dooshit n ho, agyat bhoodrishyon ko khojen aur chhaya evn prakash ke alaukik anand ka labh uthae.
  • prakriti ke inhin rahasyon ki khoj men hi hojez ne rajamahal ki pahadi़yon ka bhraman kiya tha. use samatal-sapat bhookhnd niras lage, jabaki vividhatapoorn, oonchi-nichi, ubad-khabad zamin men sundarata ke darshan hue.
  • aupanivashik adhikari jin bhoodrishyon ko bhaynkar tatha ujad, upadravi jngali logon ka nivas sthal manate the, ve drishy hojez ki chitrakari men manamohak aur ramaniy dikhaee dete hain.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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