माउन्टबेटन योजना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mauntabetan yojana 3 joon, 1947 ee. ko laaurd maunt betan dvara prastut ki gee thi. yah yojana bharat ke janasadharan logon men 'manabatan yojana' ke nam se bhi prasiddh huee. 'muslim lig' pakistan ke nirman par adi huee thi. vivashatapoorvak kangres tatha sikkhon dvara desh ke vibhajan ko svikar kar lene ke bad samasya ke hal ke lie laaurd maunt betan landan gaye aur vapas akar unhonne yojana prastut ki.

muslim lig ki jid

24 march, 1947 ee. ko laaurd maunt baitan bharat ke vayasaray banakar aye. pad grahan karate hi unhonne 'kangres' evn 'muslim lig' ke netaon se tatkalik samasyaon par vyapak vichar vimarsh kiya. 'muslim lig' pakistan ke atirikt kisi bhi vikalp par sahamat nahin huee maunt betan ne kangres se desh ke vibhajan roopi katu saty ko svikar karane ka anurodh kiya. kangres neta bhi paristhitiyon ke dabav ko mahasoos kar is saty ko svikar karane k lie taiyar ho gaye. vibhajan ko svikar karane ki kangresiyon ki vivashata saradar vallabh bhaee patel ke is vaktavy se zahir hoti hai. is sambandh men patel ne kaha- "yadi kangres vibhajan svikar n karati to ek pakistan ke sthan par kee pakistan banaten." sikkhon ne bhi is yojana ko anamane dhng se svikrit de di.

yojana ki mukhy baten

18 mee, 1947 ee. ko maunt betan samasya ke antim hal ke lie british sarakar se batachit hetu landan gaye aur punah bharat ane par 3 joon, 1947 ee. ko unhonne "mauntabetan yojana", jo janasadharan men "manabatan yojana" ke nam se prasiddh hai, prastut ki. isaki mukhy baten is prakar thin-

  1. vartaman paristhitiyon men bharat ke vibhajan se hi samasya sulajh sakati hai. atah hindustan ko do hisson, bharatiy sngh aur pakistan men bant diya jayega. snvidhan sabha dvara parit snvidhan bharat ke un bhagon men lagoo nahin hoga, jo ise manane ke lie taiyar nahin hain.
  2. bngal, pnjab evn asam men vidhanamandalon ke adhiveshan do bhagon men kiye jayegen. ek bhag men un zilon ke pratinidhi hissa lengen, jahan musalamanon ki bahulata hai aur doosare men un zilon ke pratinidhi hissa lengen, jahan musalamanon alpasnkhya men hai. donon yah nirnay svayn lenge ki unhen bharat men rahana hai ya pakistan men.
  3. uttar-pashchimi prant men janasngrah dvara yah pata lagaya jayega ki ve kis bhag, bharat ya pakistan, men rahana chahate hain.
  4. asam ke silahat zile ke logon ki bhi ray janane ke lie janamat sngrah ka sahara liya jayega.
  5. pnjab, bngal v asam ke vibhajan ke lie ek sima ayog ki niyukti hogi, jo ukt pranton ki sima nishchit karega.
  6. deshi riyasaton se bhi 15 agast, 1947 ee. se british sarvochchata hata li jayegi tatha unhen bharat ya pakistan men milane ki poorn svatntrata hogi.

bharatiy svatntrata vidheyak

'mauntabetan yojana' ke adhar par hi 'bharatiy svatntrata vidheyak' british snsad men 4 julaee, 1947 ee. ko prastut kiya gaya, jise 18 julaee ko svikrit mili. is vidheyak ke pramukh pravadhan is prakar the-

  1. prastav ke adhar par bharat aur pakistan nam ke do adhirajyon ko svatntr kar diya jayaga.
  2. donon adhirajy apani-apani snvidhan sabha ka gathan karenge.
  3. bharat aur pakistan ke pas rashtramandal se alag hone ka poorn adhikar hoga.
  4. naya snvidhan banane tak snvidhan sabha ke sadasy hi vidhanamandal ke roop men kary karenge aur sath hi uchit snshodhanon ke sath 1935 ee. ke adhiniyam ke dvara hi shasan karyon ka snchalan kiya jayega.
  5. donon adhirajyon ke lie ek-ek gavarnar-janaral ki vyavastha ki gee.
  6. jab tak naye snvidhan ke antargat pranton men chunav nahin hota, tab tak purana vidhanamandal hi pranton men kary karega.

yojana ki pushti

mahatma gandhi ki salah par 'kangres karyakarini samiti' ne 12 joon ko tatha 'kangres mahasamiti' ne 14 joon or 15 joon, 1947 ee. ko dilli men huee baithak men 'mauntabetan yojana' ki pushti kar di. govind vallabh pnt ne vibhajan ki yojana ki pushti karate hue kaha ki "aj hamen pakistan ya atmahatya men se ek ko chunana hai. desh ki svatntrata aur mukti pane ka yahi ek matr rasta hai. isase bharat men ek shaktishali sngh ki sthapana hogi." 'mauntabetan yojana' ka purushottam das tndan ne virodh kiya tha.

desh ka vibhajan

'mauntabetan yojana' svikar karane ke bad desh ke vibhajan ki taiyari arnbh ho gayi. bngal aur pnjab men zilon ke vibhajan tatha sima nirdharan ka kary ek kamishan ke adhin saunpa gaya, jisaki adhyakshata 'redaklif' ne ki. is prakar 15 agast, 1947 ee. ko bharat tatha pakistan nam ke do naye rashtr astitv men a gaye.

laaurd maunt betan dvara prastut ki gee yojana ko kangres ke andar jahan maulana abul kalam azad evn purushottam das tandan, sindh kangres ke neta chautharam gidavani, pnjab kangres ke adhyaksh daau. kichaloo tatha maulana hafijurrahaman adi ne asvikar kar diya, vahin mahatma gandhi, govind ballabh pnt, javaharalal neharoo, saradar patel, je.bi. kripalani adi ne anamane dhng se tatha paristhitiyon ki gambhirata ko dekhate hue ise svikar kar liya. 'muslim lig' ke neta muhammad ali jinna ne pahale ast-vyast pakistan ko svikar karane se mana kar diya, kintu mauntabetan ke dabav men use bhi yojana ko svikar karana pada.

vibhajan ka virodh

vayasaray ke sachivalay men uchch pad par karyarat vi.pi. menan ne bharat ke do bhagon men vibhajan ki yojana banaee. desh ke vibhajan ka virodh karate hue maulana abul kalam azad ne kaha ki "main bntavare ke khilaf hoon. mujhe yah dekhakar afasos hai ki neharoo aur patel ne har mnjoor kar li. yadi ap (gandhi ji) ne bhi ise svikar kar liya to mujhe dar hai ki hindustan ka sarvanash ho jayega." bntavare ke bare men gandhi ji ne kaha ki "bharat ka vibhajan mere shav par hoga. jab tak main zinda hoon, bharat ke do tukade nahin hone doonga. yatha-snbhav main kangres ko bhi bharat ka bntavara svikar nahin karane doonga."

gandhi ji ka prayas

2 aprail ko maunt betan se ek mulakat men mahatma gandhi ne vyathit man se kaha ki ap jinna ko sarakar banane ke lie amntrit karen, kam se kam isase desh ka vibhajan to ruk jayega, parantu gandhi ji ke is sujhav ka javaharalal neharoo aur saradar vallabh bhaee patel ne jamakar virodh kiya. gandhi ji isase itane marmahat hue ki inaki adhik jine ki ichchha hi samapt ho gee. gandhi ji ne akele hi sampradayikata ke khilaf ladaee jari rakhi. unake prayason ki prashnsa men maunt betan ne unhen "van main baundari fors" kaha. antatah mahatma gandhi ne bhi desh men badh rahi sampradayikata ki lahar se nirash hokar vibhajan ko man liya. bharat vibhajan ki sthiti men khan abdul gaffar khan ne ghoshana ki ki uttar pashchimi simant prant svatntr prabhusatta sampann pakhtunistan banega, kyonki ve pakistan men milana nahin chahate the aur kangres ne unhen bhediyon ke age dal diya hai.

javaharalal neharoo ka kathan

14 agast, 1947 ee. ki rat pndit javahar lal neharoo ne snvidhan sabha ko sambodhit karate hue kaha-

"varshon pahale hamane kismat ke sath bazi lagaee thi. ab samay a gaya hai ki ham apani pratigya ko poori tarah n sahi kafi had tak poora karen. madhyaratri men jab sari duniya so rahi hogi, bharat nayi jivan svatntrata lekar jagega. ek kshan, jo itihas men birale hi ata hai, aisa hota hai, jab ham puratan se nootan ki or jate hai. jab ek yug samapt hota hai, jab rashtr ki bahut dinon se dabi atma ko vani mil jati hai. yah upayukt hai ki ham is pavitr kshan men bharat tatha usaki janata ki seva men aur usase bhi adhik bade manavata ke uddeshy ki poorti ke lie apane ap ko arpit karen. aj ham ek durbhagyapoorn avadhi ko samapt kar rahe hain aur bharat ko apane mahatv ka ek bar phir ahasas ho raha hai. aj ham jis upalabdhi ko mana rahe hain, vah nirantar prayas ki upalabdhi hai, jisake parinamasvaroop ham un pratigyaon ko poora kar sake, jinhen hamane kitani bar liya hai."

javaharalal neharoo svatntr bharat ke pahale pradhanamntri evn laaurd maunt betan pratham gavarnar-janaral bane tatha pakistan ka gavarnar-janaral muhammad ali jinna evn pradhamntri liyakat ali ko banaya gaya.


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