द्वैध शासन पद्धति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dvaidh shasan paddhati snvaidhanik vyavastha ka ek roop thi. 'dvaidh shasan' ka siddhant sabase pahale angrez liyonel kartis ne pratipadit kiya tha, jo bahut dinon tak 'raund tebil' ka sampadak raha. bad men yah siddhant 1919 ee. ke 'bharatiy shasan vidhan' men lagoo kiya gaya, jisake anusar pranton men dvaidh shasan sthapit hua. angrezon dvara yah kaha gaya ki "yah shasan paddhati bharatiyon ko netritv ka prashikshan dene ke lie hai", kintu vastav men yah paddhati bharatiyon ki kshamataon par ek bhishan aghat tha.

paddhati

is paddhati ke anusar pranton men shiksha, svayatt shasan, sarvajanik svasthy, sarvajanik nirman, krishi tatha sahakarita adi vibhagon ka prashasan mntriyon ko hastantarit kar diya gaya. ye mntri prantiy vidhan sabha ke nirvachit sadasy hote the aur vidhan sabha ke prati uttaradayi hote the. doosari or rajasv, qanoon, nyay, pulis, sinchaee, shram tatha vitt adi vibhagon ka prashasan gavarnar ki ekjikyootiv kaunsil ke sadasyon ke lie surakshit rakha gaya tha. ye sadasy gavarnar dvara manonit hote the aur unhin ke prati uttaradayi hote the, vidhanasabha ke prati nahin.[1]

bharatiyon ki narazagi

angrez shasakon ke matanusar 'dvaidh shasan paddhati' ki sthapana ka mukhy uddeshy bharatiyon ko kramik roop se prashasan chalane ki kala ka prashikshan dena tha aur yah ek prakar se bharatiyon ki prashasan kshamata par akshep tha. isake alava hastantarit vibhag kharche vale vibhag the, jabaki surakshit vibhag amadani vale vibhag the. is prakar ke vibhagon ka bntavara mntriyon ke lie pareshani paida karane vala tha, kyonki aisi sthiti men unhen kharche ke lie 'ekjikyootiv kaunsil' ke sadasyon ka munh dekhana padata tha. vastav men yah 'dvaidh shasan paddhati' ek prakar se snkramanakalin shasan paddhati thi, jise bharatiyon ne pasand nahin kiya.

ant

bharatiyon ki soch se alag angrez sarakar ko is shasan paddhati men adhik labh nazar ata tha, kyonki adhik mahattvapoorn vibhag 'ekjikyootiv kaunsil' ke sadasyon ke hathon men the, jo gavarnar ke prati uttaradayi the. is shasan paddhati ki alokapriyata tatha karyanvayan men kathinaee ke bavajood ise age chalakar 1935 ee. ke 'bharatiy shasan vidhan' men bhi shamil kar liya gaya, arthath kendr men bhi 'dvaidh prashasan paddhati' lagoo karane ki vyavastha ki gayi, jabaki pahale yah keval pranton men hi lagoo thi. lekin 1935 ee. ka naya shasan vidhan kabhi poornataya lagoo nahin kiya ja saka. at: kendr men 'dvaidh shasan paddhati' lagoo nahin huee. jab svatntr bharat ka naya snvidhan bana, purane shasan vidhan aur 'dvaidh shasan paddhati' ka svat: hi ant ho gaya.[1]


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 213 |

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