हरि सिंह नलवा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hari sinh nalava
saradar hari sinh nalava
poora nam saradar hari sinh nalava
janm 28 apral, 1791
janm bhoomi gujaranvala, pnjab
mrityu tithi 30 aprail, 1837
mrityu sthan jamarood (ab pakistan men)
pita/mata guradayal sinh aur dharma kaur
upadhi 'saradar'
dharmik manyata sikkh dharm
prasiddhi maharaja ranajit sinh ke senadhyaksh
yuddh multan yuddh, jamaraud yuddh, noshera yuddh
any janakari ek din shikar ke samay jab maharaja ranajit sinh par achanak sher ne hamala kiya, tab hari sinh ne unaki raksha ki thi. is par maharaja ke mukh se achanak nikala "are tum to raja nal jaise vir ho." tabhi se nal se hue "nalava" ke nam se ve prasiddh ho gaye.

saradar hari sinh nalava (angrezi: Hari Singh Nalwa, janm- 28 apral, 1791, gujaranvala, pnjab; mrityu- 30 aprail, 1837), maharaja ranajit sinh ke senadhyaksh the. jis ek vyakti ka bhay pathanon aur afaganiyon ke man men, peshavar se lekar kabul tak, sabase adhik tha; us shakhsiyat ka nam janaral hari sinh nalava tha. sikh phauj ke sabase bade janaral hari sinh nalava ne kashmir par vijay prapt kar apana loha manavaya. yahi nahin, kabul par bhi sena chadhakar jit darj ki. khaibar darre se hone vale islamik akramanon se desh ko mukt kiya. 1831 men jamaraud ki jng men ladate hue shahid hue. noshera ke yuddh men hari sinh nalava ne maharaja ranajit sinh ki sena ka kushal netritv kiya tha. rananiti aur ranakaushal ki drishti se hari sinh nalava ki tulana duniya ke shreshth senanayakon se ki ja sakati hai.

jivan parichay

hari sinh nalava ka janm 1791 men 28 aprail ko ek sikh parivar, gujaranvala pnjab men hua tha. inake pita ka nam guradayal sinh aur mata ka nam dharma kaur tha. bachapan men unhen ghar ke log pyar se "hariya" kahate the. sat varsh ki ayu men inake pita ka dehant ho gaya. 1805 ee. ke vasntotsav par ek pratibha khoj pratiyogita men, jise maharaja ranajit sinh ne ayojit kiya tha, hari sinh nalava ne bhala chalane, tir chalane tatha any pratiyogitaon men apani adbhut pratibha ka parichay diya. isase prabhavit hokar maharaja ranajit sinh ne unhen apani sena men bharti kar liya. shighr hi ve maharaja ranajit sinh ke vishvasapatr sena nayakon men se ek ban gaye. ek bar shikar ke samay maharaja ranajit sinh par achanak ek sher ke akraman kar diya, tab hari sinh ne unaki raksha ki thi. is par maharaja ranajit sinh ke mukh se achanak nikala "are tum to raja nal jaise vir ho." tabhi se nal se hue "nalava" ke nam se ve prasiddh ho gaye. bad men inhen "saradar" ki upadhi pradan ki gee.[1]

ranajit sinh ke sena nayak

hari sinh nalava maharaja ranajit sinh ke vijay abhiyan tatha sima vistar ke pramukh nayakon men se ek the. ahamadashah abdali ke pashchath taimoor lng ke kal men afaganistan vistrit tatha akhndit tha. isamen kashmir, lahaur, peshavar, kndhar tatha multan bhi the. herat, kalat, baloochistan, pharas adi par usaka prabhutv tha. hari sinh nalava ne inamen se anek pradeshon ko maharaja ranajit sinh ki vijay abhiyan men shamil kar diya. unhonne 1813 ee. men atak, 1818 ee. men multan, 1819 ee.men kashmir tatha 1823 ee. men peshavar ki jit men vishesh yogadan diya. at: 1824 ee. tak kashmir, multan aur peshavar par maharaja ranajit sinh ka adhipaty ho gaya. multan vijay men harisinh nalava ki pramukh bhoomika rahi. maharaja ranajit sinh ke ahvan par ve atmabalidani daste men sabase age rahe. is sngharsh men unake kee sathi ghayal hue, parntu multan ka durg maharaja ranajit sinh ke hathon men a gaya. maharaja ranajit sinh ko peshavar jitane ke lie kee prayatn karane pade. peshavar par afaganistan ke shasak ke bhaee sultan mohammad ka rajy tha. yahan yuddh men hari sinh nalava ne sena ka netritv kiya. hari sinh nalava se yahan ka shasak itana bhayabhit hua ki vah peshavar chhodakar bhag gaya. agale das varshon tak hari sinh ke netritv men peshavar par maharaja ranajit sinh ka adhipaty bana raha, par yada- kada takarav bhi hote rahe. is par poornat: vijay 6 mee, 1834 ko sthapit huee.[1]

dridhata aur ichchhashakti

aisa kaha jata hai ki ek bar hari sinh nalava ne peshavar men varsha hone par apane kile se dekha ki anek afagan apane-apane makanon ki chhaton ko thok tatha pit rahe hain, kyonki chhaton ki mitti bah gee thi. pitane se chhaten, jo kuchh bah gee thin, pun: thik ho garhin thin. ise dekhakar hari sinh nalava ke man men vichar aya ki afagan ki mitti hi aisi hai jo thokane tatha pitane se thik rahati hai. at: hari sinh ne vahan ke ladakoo tatha jhagadaloo afagan kabilon par poori dridhata tatha shakti se apana niyntran kiya tatha rajy sthapit kiya.[1]

viragati

hari sinh ne afaganistan se raksha ke lie jamarood men ek majaboot kile ka bhi nirman karaya. yah muslim akramanakariyon ke lie maut ka kuan sabit hua. afaganon ne peshavar par apana adhikar karane ke lie bar-bar akraman kiye. kabul ke amir dost muhammad ke bete ne bhi ek bar prayatn kiya. 30 aprail 1837 ee. ko jamarood men bhaynkar ladaee huee. bimari ki avastha men bhi hari sinh ne isamen bhag liya tatha afaganon ki 14 topen chhin lin. parntu do goliyan hari sinh ko lagin tatha ve viragati ko prapt hue. phir bhi is sngharsh men peshavar par afaganon ka adhikar n ho saka.[1]

vishesh yogadan

saradar hari sinh nalava

saradar hari sinh nalava ka bharatiy itihas men ek sarahaniy evn mahattvapoorn yogadan raha hai. bharat ke unnisavin sadi ke samay men unaki upalabdhiyon ki misal pana mahaj asnbhav hai. inaka nishthavan jivanakal hamare is samay ke itihas ko sarvadhik sashakt karata hai. parntu inaka yogadan smaranarthak evn anupam hone ke bavazood bhi pnjab ki simaon ke bahar agyat ban kar rahe gaya hai. itihas ki pustakon ke panno bhi inaka nam lupt hai. jahan british, roosi aur ameriki sainy balon ko viphalata mili, is kshetr men saradar hari sinh nalava ne apani samarik pratibha aur bahaduri ki dhak jamane ke sath sikh-snt sipahi hone ka udaharan sthapit kiya tha. yah itihas men pahali bar hua tha ki peshavari pashtoon, pnjabiyon dvara shasit the. isaliye rananiti aur ranakaushal ki drishti se hari sinh nalava ki tulana duniya ke shreshth jaranailon se ki jati hai.

shreshthatam sikh yoddha

saradar hari sinh nalava ka nam shreshthatam sikkhi yoddhaon ki ginati men ata hai. vah maharaja ranajit sinh ki sikh phauj ke sabase bade janaral (senadhyaksh) the. maharaja ranajit sinh ke samrajy (1799-1849) ko 'sarakar khalasaji' ke nam se bhi nirdisht kiya jata tha. sikh samrajy, guru nanak dvara shuroo kiye ge adhyatmik marg ka vah ekagarat roop tha jo guru govind sinh ne khalasa ki parnpara se nishchit kar ke sngathit kiya tha. guru govind sinh ne mugalon ke khilaf pratirodh ke lie ek sainy bal ki sthapana karane ka nirnay liya tha. khalasa, guru govind sinh ki ukti ki samoohik sarvasamika hai. 30 march 1699 ko guru govind sinh ne khalasa moolatah “snt sainikon” ke ek sainy shakti ke roop men sthapit kiya. khalasa unake dvara diya gaya un sab chelon ka nam tha jinhonne amrit snchar anushthan svikar karake panch tatv- kesh, kngha, kada, kachchha, kirapan ka angikar kiya. vah vyakti jo khalasa men shamil kiya jata, ek 'khalasa sikh' ya 'amritadhari' kahalata. yah parivartan snbhavatah moolamntr ke taur se manasikata ka jaise hissa ban jata aur atmavishvas ko utpann karake yuddh bhoomi men samarthy prapt karane men saphalata pradan karata.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 itihas drishti - da.satish chandr mittal (hindi) pnchajany daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 18 march, 2013.
  2. saradar hari sinh nalava ki 174vi mrityu varshaganth (hindi) hari sinh nalava faundeshan trast. abhigaman tithi: 18 march, 2013.

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