नेटाल भारतीय कांग्रेस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

netal bharatiy kangres
lndan sthit mahatma gandhi ji ki kansy moorti
vivaran 'netal bharatiy kangres' mahatma gandhi dvara sthapit ek sngathan tha, jisaki sthapana unhonne dakshin afrika men ki thi.
sthapana tithi 22 agast, 1894
snsthapak mahatma gandhi
desh dakshin afrika
vishesh is samany rajanitik sngathan ke madhyam se mahatma gandhi ne dakshin afrika ke bahujatiy bharatiy samuday men ekata ki bhavana bhar di.
any janakari ek pracharak ke roop men gandhi ji ki saphalata ka praman yah tha ki lndan ke 'd taims' aur kalakatta ke 'stetsamain' tatha 'inglishamain' jaise akhabaron ke snpadakiy men bhi netal ke bharatiyon ke kashton par tippaniyan likhi geen.

netal bharatiy kangres ki sthapana rashtrapita mahatma gandhi dvara 22 agast, 1894 ee. men ki gee thi. san 1893 ee. men ek bharatiy pharm ke liye kes ladane mahatma gandhi dakshin afrika ge the. vahan unhen sabhi prakar ke rngabhed ka samana karana pada. gandhi ji nagarik adhikaron ka ullaghnn, nasliy bhedabhav aur pulis qanoon ke khilaf virodh vyakt karane ke lie bharatiy samuday ko sngathit karane ka prayas karane lage. isake lie unhonne vahin rahakar samaj kary tatha vakalat karane ka nirnay liya aur 'netal bharatiy kangres' ki sthapana ki.

sthapana

mahatma gandhi ne anubhav kiya ki sabase pahali avashyakata to is bat ki hai ki dakshin afrika ke bharatiyon ke hiton ki raksha karane vala ek sthayi sngathan turant banaya jana chahie. unhonne netal ki vidhayika aur british sarakar ke nam yachikaen likhin aur un par saikadon bharatiyon ke hastakshar karae. vah vidheyak ko to nahin rok sake, lekin netal men rahane vale bharatiyon ke kashton ki or netal, bharat aur inglaind ke akhabaron ka dhyan akarshit karane men saphal rahe. unhen daraban men rahakar vakalat karane aur bharatiy samuday ka ekajut karane ke lie razi kar liya gaya. 1894 men unhonne 'netal indiyan kangres' ki sthapana ki aur usake sakriy sachiv ban ge.

gandhi ji netal indiyan kangres ko apani pratibha se vahan ke bharatiyon ki avashyakataon ke anuroop ek jivnt sngathan bana sake, jo poore sal karyashil rahata aur jisaka uddeshy keval rajanitik chaukasi n hokar sadasyon ka samajik aur naitik utthan bhi tha.

gandhiji ki prayatnashilata

jinake hiton ke lie yah sngathan bana tha, unaka rajanaitik anubhav aur gyan nahin ke barabar tha; phir bhi us snstha par kisi vyakti vishesh ki ijaredari nahin thi. usake athak parishrami sachiv mahatma gandhi har kadam par sabhi ka sakriy sahayog prapt karane ke lie prayatnashil rahe. isase kam men sarvajanik utsah aur ruchi barabar bani rahi. sadasy banane aur chnda jama karane jaise sadharan kary ko bhi unhonne mahatv de rakha tha. adhe man se sahayog dene valon ke sath vah naitik dabav ka vinamr dhng apanate the. ek bar ek chhote kasbe ke bharatiy vyapari ke ghar par vah sari rat bhookhe baithe rahe, kyonki vyapari netal kangres ka apana chanda nahin badha raha tha. akhir sabera hote-hote unhonne use apana chanda tin se badhakar chhah paund kar dene ko raji kar hi liya.[1]

bharatiy samuday men ekata ka snchar

is samany rajanitik sngathan ke madhyam se mahatma gandhi ne bahujatiy bharatiy samuday men ekata ki bhavana bhar di. unhonne sarakar vidhayika aur pres men bharatiyon ke kashton se sambandhit tarkapoorn vaktavyon ki jhadi laga di. antatah unhonne maharani viktoriya ki bharatiy praja ke sath unake hi afrika sthit upanivesh men kie ja rahe bhedabhav ko duniya ke samane ujagar karake samrajy ki pol khol di. ek pracharak ke roop men unaki saphalata ka praman yah tha ki lndan ke 'd taims' aur kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke 'stetsamain' tatha 'inglishamain' jaise akhabaron ke snpadakiy men bhi netal ke bharatiyon ke kashton par tippaniyan likhi geen.

yah mahatma gandhi ka durbhagy tha ki unaki gatividhiyon aur vaktavyon ki ootapatang khabaren netal pahunchi aur vahan ki yooropiy janata bigad uthi. janavari, 1897 men daraban pahunchane par ugr goron ki bhid ne un par pran ghatak hamala kar diya. british mntrimndal men aupaniveshik sachiv jozaf chenbaralen ne netal sarakar ko tar bhejakar doshi vyaktiyon ko giraftar karane ko kaha, lekin gandhi ji ne hamalavaron par muqadama karane se inkar kar diya. unhonne kaha ki "yah unaka siddhant hai ki vyaktigat kshati ko qanooni adalat men n le jaya jae".


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yuva rajanitigy (hindi) hindi.em.ke.gandhi. abhigaman tithi: 10 pharavari, 2014.

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