ख़िलाफ़त आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khilafat andolan (1919-1922 ee.) ka sootrapat bharatiy muslimon ke ek bahusnkhyak varg ne rashtriy star par kiya tha. gandhi ji ne is andolan ko hindoo tatha muslim ekata ke liy upayukt samajha aur muslimon ke prati apani sahanubhooti prakat ki. mahatma gandhi ne 1919 ee. men 'akhil bharatiy khilafat samiti' ka adhiveshan apani adhyakshata men kiya. unake kahane par hi asahayog evn svadeshi ki niti ko apanaya gaya.

andolan ka sootrapat

pratham vishvayuddh ke bad briten evn turki ke bich hone vali 'sivars ki sndhi' se turki ke sultan ke samast adhikar chhin gaye aur ek tarah se turki rajy chhinn-bhinn ho gaya. snsar bhar ke muslim turki sultan ko apana 'khalifa' (dharm guru) manate the. is prakar british sarakar par turki ke sath ki jane vali sndhiyon men nyayochit vyavahar sunishchat karane ke lie paryapt dabav dalane ke uddeshy se bharatiy muslimon ke ek bahusnkhyak varg ne rashtriy star par jis andolan ka sootrapat kiya, vah 'khilafat andolan' ke nam se jana gaya. aise mauke ko hindoo-muslim ekata ke lie upayukt samajhakar gandhi ji ne muslimon ke sath sahanubhooti vyakt ki.

khilafat samiti ka gathan

23 navambar, 1919 ee. ko dilli men 'akhil bharatiy khilafat kameti' ka adhiveshan hua aur gandhi ji ne is adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki. unake sujhav par asahayog evn svadeshi ki niti apanayi gayi. 1918-1919 ee. ke madhy bharat men 'khilafat andolan' maulana muhammad ali, shaukat ali evn abul kalam azad ke sahayog se zor pakadata chala gaya. sitambar, 1919 ee. men 'khilafal samiti' ka gathan hua. dilli men 25 navambar, 1919 ee. ko hone vale 'khilafat samiti' ke sammelan ki adhyakshata mahatma gandhi ne ki. gandhi ji ke kahane par ek shishtamandal, jisake neta daauktar ansari the, vayasaray se milane inglaind gaye. march, 1920 ee. ko ilahabad men hinduon aur muslimon ki snyukt baithak men 'asahayog' ke astr ko apanaye jane ka nirnay kiya gaya.

asahayog ke karan

sitambar, 1920 ee. men kangres ne asahayog ka anumodan kar diya. is asahayog ke anek karan the-

  1. raulat ekt
  2. jaliyanvale bag ka hatyakand
  3. hantar samiti ki riport
  4. bharatiy rajasv ki mang adi.

andolan ki samapti

abul kalam azad ne is andolan ke prachar men apani patrika 'al hilal' evn 'kamared' ke madhyam se sahayog kiya. 1924 ee. men yah andolan us samay samapt ho gaya, jab turki men 'kamal pasha' ke netritv men bani sarakar ne khalifa ke pad ko hi samapt kar diya. khilafat andolan dvara dharmandhata ubhare jane ke karan dakshin bharat ke malabar men bhishan hatyakand hua, jise 'mopala vidroh' ke nam se jana jata hai. mopala arthik drishti se nirdhan muslim kisan the, jinaka shoshan british nitiyon se labhanvit namboodari zamindar aur nayak sahookar varg karata tha. 1921 ee. men inhonne apani dayaniy sthiti ke lie british shasan aur hindoo shoshak varg ko saman roop se zimmedar thaharate hue vidroh kar diya. hindoo-muslim ekata ki bhavana par is vidroh ka pratikool asar pada.


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adhar
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

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